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Seo, Dong Gi; Weiss, David J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2013
The usefulness of the l[subscript z] person-fit index was investigated with achievement test data from 20 exams given to more than 3,200 college students. Results for three methods of estimating ? showed that the distributions of l[subscript z] were not consistent with its theoretical distribution, resulting in general overfit to the item response…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, College Students, Goodness of Fit, Item Response Theory
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Smith, Richard M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1985
Standard maximum likeliheed estimation was compared using two forms of robust estimation, BIWEIGHT (based on Tukey's Biweight) and AMTJACK (AMT-Robustified Jackknife), and Rasch model person analysis. The two procedures recovered the generating parameters, but Rasch person analysis also helped to identify the nature of a response disturbance. (GDC)
Descriptors: Ability, Comparative Analysis, Computer Simulation, Estimation (Mathematics)
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Wilcox, Rand R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1980
Technical problems in achievement testing associated with using latent structure models to estimate the probability of guessing correct responses by examinees is studied; also the lack of problems associated with using Wilcox's formula score. Maximum likelihood estimates are derived which may be applied when items are hierarchically related.…
Descriptors: Guessing (Tests), Item Analysis, Mathematical Models, Maximum Likelihood Statistics