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Cheung, Mike W.-L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2006
Response bias has long been recognized as an issue in the behavioral and social sciences, especially in cross-cultural research. Transforming raw data into ipsatized data, individual scores subject to a constant sum constraint, is proposed to be an effective measure to minimize response bias. One major problem of applying ipsatized data is that…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Response Style (Tests), Behavioral Sciences, Social Sciences
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Aiken, Lewis R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1994
Three dozen observations and recommendations concerning the activities of research consultants in the behavioral sciences are listed and discussed. These guidelines, some stated as aphorisms, are discussed in the categories of planning; implementation; analysis; interpretation; and reporting. (Author/SLD)
Descriptors: Behavioral Sciences, Data Analysis, Data Interpretation, Guides
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Engelhard, George, Jr. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1992
A historical perspective is provided of the concept of invariance in measurement theory, describing sample-invariant item calibration and item-invariant measurement of individuals. Invariance as a key measurement concept is illustrated through the measurement theories of E. L. Thorndike, L. L. Thurstone, and G. Rasch. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavioral Sciences, Educational History, Measurement Techniques, Psychometrics