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Showing 61 to 75 of 3,822 results Save | Export
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Schulte, Niklas; Holling, Heinz; Bürkner, Paul-Christian – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Forced-choice questionnaires can prevent faking and other response biases typically associated with rating scales. However, the derived trait scores are often unreliable and ipsative, making interindividual comparisons in high-stakes situations impossible. Several studies suggest that these problems vanish if the number of measured traits is high.…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Measurement Techniques, Test Format, Scoring
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Ferrando, Pere J.; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Unit-weight sum scores (UWSSs) are routinely used as estimates of factor scores on the basis of solutions obtained with the nonlinear exploratory factor analysis (EFA) model for ordered-categorical responses. Theoretically, this practice results in a loss of information and accuracy, and is expected to lead to biased estimates. However, the…
Descriptors: Scores, Factor Analysis, Automation, Fidelity
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Wind, Stefanie A.; Schumacker, Randall E. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Researchers frequently use Rasch models to analyze survey responses because these models provide accurate parameter estimates for items and examinees when there are missing data. However, researchers have not fully considered how missing data affect the accuracy of dimensionality assessment in Rasch analyses such as principal components analysis…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Data, Factor Analysis, Accuracy
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Roozenbeek, Jon; Maertens, Rakoen; McClanahan, William; van der Linden, Sander – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Online misinformation is a pervasive global problem. In response, psychologists have recently explored the theory of psychological inoculation: If people are preemptively exposed to a weakened version of a misinformation technique, they can build up cognitive resistance. This study addresses two unanswered methodological questions about a widely…
Descriptors: Games, Intervention, Scores, Pretests Posttests
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Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Atanasov, Dimitar V. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This study presents a latent (item response theory--like) framework of a recently developed classical approach to test scoring, equating, and item analysis, referred to as "D"-scoring method. Specifically, (a) person and item parameters are estimated under an item response function model on the "D"-scale (from 0 to 1) using…
Descriptors: Scoring, Equated Scores, Item Analysis, Item Response Theory
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Bezirhan, Ummugul; von Davier, Matthias; Grabovsky, Irina – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This article presents a new approach to the analysis of how students answer tests and how they allocate resources in terms of time on task and revisiting previously answered questions. Previous research has shown that in high-stakes assessments, most test takers do not end the testing session early, but rather spend all of the time they were…
Descriptors: Response Style (Tests), Accuracy, Reaction Time, Ability
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Thompson, Yutian T.; Song, Hairong; Shi, Dexin; Liu, Zhengkui – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Conventional approaches for selecting a reference indicator (RI) could lead to misleading results in testing for measurement invariance (MI). Several newer quantitative methods have been available for more rigorous RI selection. However, it is still unknown how well these methods perform in terms of correctly identifying a truly invariant item to…
Descriptors: Measurement, Statistical Analysis, Selection, Comparative Analysis
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Raykov, Tenko; Calvocoressi, Lisa – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
A procedure for evaluating the average R-squared index for a given set of observed variables in an exploratory factor analysis model is discussed. The method can be used as an effective aid in the process of model choice with respect to the number of factors underlying the interrelationships among studied measures. The approach is developed within…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Statistical Analysis, Selection
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Mangino, Anthony A.; Finch, W. Holmes – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Oftentimes in many fields of the social and natural sciences, data are obtained within a nested structure (e.g., students within schools). To effectively analyze data with such a structure, multilevel models are frequently employed. The present study utilizes a Monte Carlo simulation to compare several novel multilevel classification algorithms…
Descriptors: Prediction, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Classification, Bayesian Statistics
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Jiang, Zhehan; Shi, Dexin; Distefano, Christine – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
The costs of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) are of concern to health profession educators globally. As OSCEs are usually designed under generalizability theory (G-theory) framework, this article proposes a machine-learning-based approach to optimize the costs, while maintaining the minimum required generalizability…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Generalizability Theory, Objective Tests, Foreign Countries
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Foster, Robert C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This article presents some equivalent forms of the common Kuder-Richardson Formula 21 and 20 estimators for nondichotomous data belonging to certain other exponential families, such as Poisson count data, exponential data, or geometric counts of trials until failure. Using the generalized framework of Foster (2020), an equation for the reliability…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Data, Computation, Mathematical Formulas
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Xia, Yan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Despite the existence of many methods for determining the number of factors, none outperforms the others under every condition. This study compares traditional parallel analysis (TPA), revised parallel analysis (RPA), Kaiser's rule, minimum average partial, sequential X[superscript 2], and sequential root mean square error of approximation,…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Factor Analysis, Accuracy, Goodness of Fit
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Edwards, Ashley A.; Joyner, Keanan J.; Schatschneider, Christopher – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
The accuracy of certain internal consistency estimators have been questioned in recent years. The present study tests the accuracy of six reliability estimators (Cronbach's alpha, omega, omega hierarchical, Revelle's omega, and greatest lower bound) in 140 simulated conditions of unidimensional continuous data with uncorrelated errors with varying…
Descriptors: Reliability, Computation, Accuracy, Sample Size
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Revuelta, Javier; Franco-Martínez, Alicia; Ximénez, Carmen – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Situational judgment tests have gained popularity in educational and psychological measurement and are widely used in personnel assessment. A situational judgment item presents a hypothetical scenario and a list of actions, and the individuals are asked to select their most likely action for that scenario. Because actions have no explicit order,…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Situational Tests, Statistical Analysis, Sex Stereotypes
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Ferrando, Pere J.; Navarro-González, David – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Item response theory "dual" models (DMs) in which both items and individuals are viewed as sources of differential measurement error so far have been proposed only for unidimensional measures. This article proposes two multidimensional extensions of existing DMs: the M-DTCRM (dual Thurstonian continuous response model), intended for…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Error of Measurement, Models, Factor Analysis
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