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Showing 31 to 45 of 3,768 results Save | Export
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Cassiday, Kristina R.; Cho, Youngmi; Harring, Jeffrey R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Simulation studies involving mixture models inevitably aggregate parameter estimates and other output across numerous replications. A primary issue that arises in these methodological investigations is label switching. The current study compares several label switching corrections that are commonly used when dealing with mixture models. A growth…
Descriptors: Probability, Models, Simulation, Mathematics
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Kim, Eunsook; von der Embse, Nathaniel – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Although collecting data from multiple informants is highly recommended, methods to model the congruence and incongruence between informants are limited. Bauer and colleagues suggested the trifactor model that decomposes the variances into common factor, informant perspective factors, and item-specific factors. This study extends their work to the…
Descriptors: Probability, Models, Statistical Analysis, Congruence (Psychology)
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Mansolf, Maxwell; Vreeker, Annabel; Reise, Steven P.; Freimer, Nelson B.; Glahn, David C.; Gur, Raquel E.; Moore, Tyler M.; Pato, Carlos N.; Pato, Michele T.; Palotie, Aarno; Holm, Minna; Suvisaari, Jaana; Partonen, Timo; Kieseppä, Tuula; Paunio, Tiina; Boks, Marco; Kahn, René; Ophoff, Roel A.; Bearden, Carrie E.; Loohuis, Loes Olde; Teshiba, Terri; deGeorge, Daniella; Bilder, Robert M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Large-scale studies spanning diverse project sites, populations, languages, and measurements are increasingly important to relate psychological to biological variables. National and international consortia already are collecting and executing mega-analyses on aggregated data from individuals, with different measures on each person. In this…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Data Analysis, Measurement, Validity
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Jang, Yoonsun; Cohen, Allan S. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A nonconverged Markov chain can potentially lead to invalid inferences about model parameters. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a nonconverged Markov chain on the estimation of parameters for mixture item response theory models using a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. A simulation study was conducted to investigate the…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Item Response Theory, Accuracy, Inferences
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Olvera Astivia, Oscar Lorenzo; Kroc, Edward; Zumbo, Bruno D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Simulations concerning the distributional assumptions of coefficient alpha are contradictory. To provide a more principled theoretical framework, this article relies on the Fréchet-Hoeffding bounds, in order to showcase that the distribution of the items play a role on the estimation of correlations and covariances. More specifically, these bounds…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Reliability, Computation, Correlation
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Raborn, Anthony W.; Leite, Walter L.; Marcoulides, Katerina M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
This study compares automated methods to develop short forms of psychometric scales. Obtaining a short form that has both adequate internal structure and strong validity with respect to relationships with other variables is difficult with traditional methods of short-form development. Metaheuristic algorithms can select items for short forms while…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Automation, Heuristics, Mathematics
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Kara, Yusuf; Kamata, Akihito; Potgieter, Cornelis; Nese, Joseph F. T. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Oral reading fluency (ORF), used by teachers and school districts across the country to screen and progress monitor at-risk readers, has been documented as a good indicator of reading comprehension and overall reading competence. In traditional ORF administration, students are given one minute to read a grade-level passage, after which the…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Rate, Accuracy
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Yang, Lihong; Reckase, Mark D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
The present study extended the "p"-optimality method to the multistage computerized adaptive test (MST) context in developing optimal item pools to support different MST panel designs under different test configurations. Using the Rasch model, simulated optimal item pools were generated with and without practical constraints of exposure…
Descriptors: Item Banks, Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Item Response Theory
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Xiao, Jiaying; Bulut, Okan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Large amounts of missing data could distort item parameter estimation and lead to biased ability estimates in educational assessments. Therefore, missing responses should be handled properly before estimating any parameters. In this study, two Monte Carlo simulation studies were conducted to compare the performance of four methods in handling…
Descriptors: Data, Computation, Ability, Maximum Likelihood Statistics
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Beauducel, André; Kersting, Martin – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
We investigated by means of a simulation study how well methods for factor rotation can identify a two-facet simple structure. Samples were generated from orthogonal and oblique two-facet population factor models with 4 (2 factors per facet) to 12 factors (6 factors per facet). Samples drawn from orthogonal populations were submitted to factor…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Factor Analysis, Sample Size, Intelligence
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Yesiltas, Gonca; Paek, Insu – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A log-linear model (LLM) is a well-known statistical method to examine the relationship among categorical variables. This study investigated the performance of LLM in detecting differential item functioning (DIF) for polytomously scored items via simulations where various sample sizes, ability mean differences (impact), and DIF types were…
Descriptors: Simulation, Sample Size, Item Analysis, Scores
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Dimitrov, Dimiter M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
This study presents new models for item response functions (IRFs) in the framework of the D-scoring method (DSM) that is gaining attention in the field of educational and psychological measurement and largescale assessments. In a previous work on DSM, the IRFs of binary items were estimated using a logistic regression model (LRM). However, the LRM…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Scoring, True Scores, Scaling
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Raymond, Mark R.; Jiang, Zhehan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Conventional methods for evaluating the utility of subscores rely on traditional indices of reliability and on correlations among subscores. One limitation of correlational methods is that they do not explicitly consider variation in subtest means. An exception is an index of score profile reliability designated as [G], which quantifies the ratio…
Descriptors: Generalizability Theory, Multivariate Analysis, Scores, Reliability
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Trafimow, David; Wang, Cong; Wang, Tonghui – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Previous researchers have proposed the a priori procedure, whereby the researcher specifies, prior to data collection, how closely she wishes the sample means to approach corresponding population means, and the degree of confidence of meeting the specification. However, an important limitation of previous research is that researchers sometimes are…
Descriptors: Sampling, Statistical Analysis, Equations (Mathematics), Differences
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Audette, Lillian M.; Hammond, Marie S.; Rochester, Natalie K. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Longitudinal studies are commonly used in the social and behavioral sciences to answer a wide variety of research questions. Longitudinal researchers often collect data anonymously from participants when studying sensitive topics to ensure that accurate information is provided. One difficulty gathering longitudinal anonymous data is that of…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Longitudinal Studies, Research Design, Social Science Research
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