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Raykov, Tenko; Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Marcoulides, George A.; Harrison, Michael – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This note highlights and illustrates the links between item response theory and classical test theory in the context of polytomous items. An item response modeling procedure is discussed that can be used for point and interval estimation of the individual true score on any item in a measuring instrument or item set following the popular and widely…
Descriptors: Correlation, Item Response Theory, Test Items, Scores
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Devlieger, Ines; Talloen, Wouter; Rosseel, Yves – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Factor score regression (FSR) is a popular alternative for structural equation modeling. Naively applying FSR induces bias for the estimators of the regression coefficients. Croon proposed a method to correct for this bias. Next to estimating effects without bias, interest often lies in inference of regression coefficients or in the fit of the…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Computation, Goodness of Fit, Statistical Inference
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Shin, Myungho; No, Unkyung; Hong, Sehee – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
The present study aims to compare the robustness under various conditions of latent class analysis mixture modeling approaches that deal with auxiliary distal outcomes. Monte Carlo simulations were employed to test the performance of four approaches recommended by previous simulation studies: maximum likelihood (ML) assuming homoskedasticity…
Descriptors: Robustness (Statistics), Multivariate Analysis, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Statistical Distributions
Petscher, Yaacov; Schatschneider, Christopher – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Complex data structures are ubiquitous in psychological research, especially in educational settings. In the context of randomized controlled trials, students are nested in classrooms but may be cross-classified by other units, such as small groups. Furthermore, in many cases only some students may be nested within a unit while other students may…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Causal Models, Randomized Controlled Trials, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Gönülates, Emre – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This article introduces the Quality of Item Pool (QIP) Index, a novel approach to quantifying the adequacy of an item pool of a computerized adaptive test for a given set of test specifications and examinee population. This index ranges from 0 to 1, with values close to 1 indicating the item pool presents optimum items to examinees throughout the…
Descriptors: Item Banks, Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Error of Measurement
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Sideridis, Georgios D.; Tsaousis, Ioannis; Al-Sadaawi, Abdullah – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to apply the methodology developed by Raykov on modeling item-specific variance for the measurement of internal consistency reliability with longitudinal data. Participants were a randomly selected sample of 500 individuals who took on a professional qualifications test in Saudi Arabia over four different…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Test Items, Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries
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Jordan, Pascal; Spiess, Martin – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Factor loadings and item discrimination parameters play a key role in scale construction. A multitude of heuristics regarding their interpretation are hardwired into practice--for example, neglecting low loadings and assigning items to exactly one scale. We challenge the common sense interpretation of these parameters by providing counterexamples…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Items, Item Response Theory, Factor Structure
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Zumbo, Bruno D.; Kroc, Edward – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Chalmers recently published a critique of the use of ordinal a[alpha] proposed in Zumbo et al. as a measure of test reliability in certain research settings. In this response, we take up the task of refuting Chalmers' critique. We identify three broad misconceptions that characterize Chalmers' criticisms: (1) confusing assumptions with…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Statistical Analysis, Misconceptions, Mathematical Models
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Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Luo, Yong – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
An approach to scoring tests with binary items, referred to as D-scoring method, was previously developed as a classical analog to basic models in item response theory (IRT) for binary items. As some tests include polytomous items, this study offers an approach to D-scoring of such items and parallels the results with those obtained under the…
Descriptors: Scoring, Test Items, Item Response Theory, Psychometrics
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Cao, Chunhua; Kim, Eun Sook; Chen, Yi-Hsin; Ferron, John; Stark, Stephen – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
In multilevel multiple-indicator multiple-cause (MIMIC) models, covariates can interact at the within level, at the between level, or across levels. This study examines the performance of multilevel MIMIC models in estimating and detecting the interaction effect of two covariates through a simulation and provides an empirical demonstration of…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Structural Equation Models, Computation, Identification
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Ferrando, Pere Joan; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Many psychometric measures yield data that are compatible with (a) an essentially unidimensional factor analysis solution and (b) a correlated-factor solution. Deciding which of these structures is the most appropriate and useful is of considerable importance, and various procedures have been proposed to help in this decision. The only fully…
Descriptors: Validity, Models, Correlation, Factor Analysis
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Fujimoto, Ken A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Advancements in item response theory (IRT) have led to models for dual dependence, which control for cluster and method effects during a psychometric analysis. Currently, however, this class of models does not include one that controls for when the method effects stem from two method sources in which one source functions differently across the…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Item Response Theory, Psychometrics, Models
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DiStefano, Christine; McDaniel, Heather L.; Zhang, Liyun; Shi, Dexin; Jiang, Zhehan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
A simulation study was conducted to investigate the model size effect when confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models include many ordinal items. CFA models including between 15 and 120 ordinal items were analyzed with mean- and variance-adjusted weighted least squares to determine how varying sample size, number of ordered categories, and…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Effect Size, Data, Sample Size
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Dowling, N. Maritza; Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Longitudinal studies have steadily grown in popularity across the educational and behavioral sciences, particularly with the increased availability of technological devices that allow the easy collection of repeated measures on multiple dimensions of substantive relevance. This article discusses a procedure that can be used to evaluate population…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Older Adults, Cognitive Processes, Dementia
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De Raadt, Alexandra; Warrens, Matthijs J.; Bosker, Roel J.; Kiers, Henk A. L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Cohen's kappa coefficient is commonly used for assessing agreement between classifications of two raters on a nominal scale. Three variants of Cohen's kappa that can handle missing data are presented. Data are considered missing if one or both ratings of a unit are missing. We study how well the variants estimate the kappa value for complete data…
Descriptors: Interrater Reliability, Data, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Bias
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