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Showing 1 to 15 of 551 results Save | Export
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Sim, Mikyung; Kim, Su-Young; Suh, Youngsuk – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Mediation models have been widely used in many disciplines to better understand the underlying processes between independent and dependent variables. Despite their popularity and importance, the appropriate sample sizes for estimating those models are not well known. Although several approaches (such as Monte Carlo methods) exist, applied…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Statistical Analysis, Predictor Variables, Path Analysis
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Schroeders, Ulrich; Schmidt, Christoph; Gnambs, Timo – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Careless responding is a bias in survey responses that disregards the actual item content, constituting a threat to the factor structure, reliability, and validity of psychological measurements. Different approaches have been proposed to detect aberrant responses such as probing questions that directly assess test-taking behavior (e.g., bogus…
Descriptors: Response Style (Tests), Surveys, Artificial Intelligence, Identification
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Peng, Luyao; Sinharay, Sandip – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Wollack et al. (2015) suggested the erasure detection index (EDI) for detecting fraudulent erasures for individual examinees. Wollack and Eckerly (2017) and Sinharay (2018) extended the index of Wollack et al. (2015) to suggest three EDIs for detecting fraudulent erasures at the aggregate or group level. This article follows up on the research of…
Descriptors: Cheating, Identification, Statistical Analysis, Testing
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Wang, Yan; Kim, Eunsook; Yi, Zhiyao – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Latent profile analysis (LPA) identifies heterogeneous subgroups based on continuous indicators that represent different dimensions. It is a common practice to measure each dimension using items, create composite or factor scores for each dimension, and use these scores as indicators of profiles in LPA. In this case, measurement models for…
Descriptors: Robustness (Statistics), Profiles, Statistical Analysis, Classification
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Raykov, Tenko; Menold, Natalja; Leer, Jane – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Two- and three-level designs in educational and psychological research can involve entire populations of Level-3 and possibly Level-2 units, such as schools and educational districts nested within a given state, or neighborhoods and counties in a state. Such a design is of increasing relevance in empirical research owing to the growing popularity…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Research Design
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Goretzko, David – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Determining the number of factors in exploratory factor analysis is arguably the most crucial decision a researcher faces when conducting the analysis. While several simulation studies exist that compare various so-called factor retention criteria under different data conditions, little is known about the impact of missing data on this process.…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Research Problems, Data, Prediction
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Man, Kaiwen; Schumacker, Randall; Morell, Monica; Wang, Yurou – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
While hierarchical linear modeling is often used in social science research, the assumption of normally distributed residuals at the individual and cluster levels can be violated in empirical data. Previous studies have focused on the effects of nonnormality at either lower or higher level(s) separately. However, the violation of the normality…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Statistical Distributions, Statistical Bias, Computation
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Weese, James D.; Turner, Ronna C.; Ames, Allison; Crawford, Brandon; Liang, Xinya – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
A simulation study was conducted to investigate the heuristics of the SIBTEST procedure and how it compares with ETS classification guidelines used with the Mantel-Haenszel procedure. Prior heuristics have been used for nearly 25 years, but they are based on a simulation study that was restricted due to computer limitations and that modeled item…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Heuristics, Classification, Statistical Analysis
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Guastadisegni, Lucia; Cagnone, Silvia; Moustaki, Irini; Vasdekis, Vassilis – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
This article studies the Type I error, false positive rates, and power of four versions of the Lagrange multiplier test to detect measurement noninvariance in item response theory (IRT) models for binary data under model misspecification. The tests considered are the Lagrange multiplier test computed with the Hessian and cross-product approach,…
Descriptors: Measurement, Statistical Analysis, Item Response Theory, Test Items
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Son, Sookyoung; Hong, Sehee – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
The purpose of this two-part study is to evaluate methods for multiple group analysis when the comparison group is at the within level with multilevel data, using a multilevel factor mixture model (ML FMM) and a multilevel multiple-indicators multiple-causes (ML MIMIC) model. The performance of these methods was evaluated integrally by a series of…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Groups
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Rios, Joseph A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Low test-taking effort as a validity threat is common when examinees perceive an assessment context to have minimal personal value. Prior research has shown that in such contexts, subgroups may differ in their effort, which raises two concerns when making subgroup mean comparisons. First, it is unclear how differential effort could influence…
Descriptors: Response Style (Tests), Statistical Analysis, Measurement, Comparative Analysis
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Levy, Roy; Xia, Yan; Green, Samuel B. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
A number of psychometricians have suggested that parallel analysis (PA) tends to yield more accurate results in determining the number of factors in comparison with other statistical methods. Nevertheless, all too often PA can suggest an incorrect number of factors, particularly in statistically unfavorable conditions (e.g., small sample sizes and…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Statistical Analysis, Factor Structure, Probability
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Man, Kaiwen; Harring, Jeffrey R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Many approaches have been proposed to jointly analyze item responses and response times to understand behavioral differences between normally and aberrantly behaved test-takers. Biometric information, such as data from eye trackers, can be used to better identify these deviant testing behaviors in addition to more conventional data types. Given…
Descriptors: Cheating, Item Response Theory, Reaction Time, Eye Movements
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Su, Shiyang; Wang, Chun; Weiss, David J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
S-X[superscript 2] is a popular item fit index that is available in commercial software packages such as "flex"MIRT. However, no research has systematically examined the performance of S-X[superscript 2] for detecting item misfit within the context of the multidimensional graded response model (MGRM). The primary goal of this study was…
Descriptors: Statistics, Goodness of Fit, Test Items, Models
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Raykov, Tenko; Bluemke, Matthias – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
A widely applicable procedure of examining proximity to unidimensionality for multicomponent measuring instruments with multidimensional structure is discussed. The method is developed within the framework of latent variable modeling and allows one to point and interval estimate an explained variance proportion-based index that may be considered a…
Descriptors: Proximity, Measures (Individuals), Models, Statistical Analysis
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