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Holmes Finch, W. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Social scientists are frequently interested in identifying latent subgroups within the population, based on a set of observed variables. One of the more common tools for this purpose is latent class analysis (LCA), which models a scenario involving k finite and mutually exclusive classes within the population. An alternative approach to this…
Descriptors: Group Membership, Classification, Sample Size, Models
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Gilholm, Patricia; Mengersen, Kerrie; Thompson, Helen – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Developmental surveillance tools are used to closely monitor the early development of infants and young children. This study provides a novel implementation of a multidimensional item response model, using Bayesian hierarchical priors, to construct developmental profiles for a small sample of children (N = 115) with sparse data collected through…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Item Response Theory, Sample Size, Child Development
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Raymond, Mark R.; Jiang, Zhehan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Conventional methods for evaluating the utility of subscores rely on traditional indices of reliability and on correlations among subscores. One limitation of correlational methods is that they do not explicitly consider variation in subtest means. An exception is an index of score profile reliability designated as [G], which quantifies the ratio…
Descriptors: Generalizability Theory, Multivariate Analysis, Scores, Reliability
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Liu, Ren; Qian, Hong; Luo, Xiao; Woo, Ada – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Subscore reporting under item response theory models has always been a challenge partly because the test length of each subdomain is limited for precisely locating individuals on multiple continua. Diagnostic classification models (DCMs), providing a pass/fail decision and associated probability of pass on each subdomain, are promising…
Descriptors: Classification, Probability, Pass Fail Grading, Scores
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Hong, Sehee; Min, Sae-Young – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2007
In this study, mixed Rasch modeling was used on the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), a widely used measure of depression, among a non-Western sample of 618 Korean college students. The results revealed three latent classes and confirmed the unidimensionality of the SDS. In addition, there was a significant effect for gender in terms of class…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Depression (Psychology), Models, Self Evaluation (Individuals)
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Woehr, David J.; Arciniega, Luis M.; Lim, Doo H. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2007
The authors examined the measurement equivalence of the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile (MWEP) across the diverse cultures of Korea, Mexico, and the United States. Korean- and Spanish-language versions of the MWEP were developed and evaluated relative to the original English version of the measure. Confirmatory factor analytic results…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Profiles, Work Ethic, Measures (Individuals)
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Meir, Elchanan I.; Gati, Itamar – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1981
In many personality and interest inventories, a score profile, rather than a single score, is attributed to each subject. Six applicable criteria are suggested for use in examining the adequacy of items in such inventories. These criteria relate to the items' response distributions, internal consistency, and discriminative value. (Author/BW)
Descriptors: Evaluation Criteria, Interest Inventories, Item Analysis, Personality Measures
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Skinner, Harvey A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1978
The concepts of elevation, scatter, and shape are investigated as parameters in assessing the similarity among profiles of individuals. A computational strategy for differentiating the independent contribution of each parameter to more global indices of resemblance is presented. (Author/JKS)
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Error of Measurement, Mathematical Models, Measurement Techniques
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Simono, R. B. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1978
Previous research indicating that males entering the clergy tend to have "feminine" profiles on psychological tests is challenged. A sample of entering clergy students were administered two personality measures. Results did not support the previous research. (JKS)
Descriptors: Clergy, Females, Femininity, Higher Education
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Voss, Daniel T. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1992
The construction of artificial profiles, or stimuli, for judgment analysis (JAN) is discussed. JAN is a technique for identifying and analyzing the policies of a group of judges for rating the profiles of personnel or applicants. Conditions under which artificial profiles are successfully used are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Equations (Mathematics), Evaluators, Group Dynamics, Job Satisfaction
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Wallbrown, Fred H.; Jones, James A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1992
A hierarchical factor analysis of the intercorrelations among the Revised California Psychological Inventory (CPI-R) folk scales shows a strong general profile elevation factor for both men and women, which is noteworthy because it provides an empirical basis for interpreting the CPI-R as a measure of personal adjustment. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Correlation, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure
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Austin, J. Sue – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1992
The efficacy of 5 scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) in detecting fake good, fake bad, and honest profiles was investigated for 110 undergraduate students instructed to fake good, fake bad, or respond honestly. An analysis of variance suggests that these validity scales are useful. (SLD)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Diagnostic Tests, Higher Education, Lying
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Kabacoff, Robert I.; Burger, Gary K. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1984
A computer program is described which provides comprehensive information on test profile differences among independent groups based upon profile centroid separation, shape, elevation, and scatter. Descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate measures of strength of association, test of homogeneity of covariance matrices, and comparative…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Computer Software, Group Behavior, Profiles
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Best, Steve; Knapp-Lee, Lisa – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1982
Similar scales on the California Occupational Preference System (COPSystem) Interest Inventory and the Kuder General Interest Survey were compared in terms of correlations between the scales. The results of comparing the three highest interest areas are interpreted as supporting the construct validity of the two instruments. (Author/PN)
Descriptors: Career Choice, Interest Inventories, Junior High Schools, Occupational Tests
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Bruvold, William H.; And Others – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1983
Initial assessments of the item characteristics, reliability, and validity of the Inquiry Mode Questionnaire (IMQ) are reported. The IMQ was developed by (Harrison and Bramson) to measure the characteristic thinking style of individuals on five major dimensions: synthesist, idealist, analyst, realist, and pragmatist. (Author/PN)
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Correlation, Factor Structure, Item Analysis
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