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Showing 1 to 15 of 275 results Save | Export
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Kim, Nana; Bolt, Daniel M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This paper presents a mixture item response tree (IRTree) model for extreme response style. Unlike traditional applications of single IRTree models, a mixture approach provides a way of representing the mixture of respondents following different underlying response processes (between individuals), as well as the uncertainty present at the…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Response Style (Tests), Models, Test Items
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Wang, Yan; Kim, Eunsook; Ferron, John M.; Dedrick, Robert F.; Tan, Tony X.; Stark, Stephen – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Factor mixture modeling (FMM) has been increasingly used to investigate unobserved population heterogeneity. This study examined the issue of covariate effects with FMM in the context of measurement invariance testing. Specifically, the impact of excluding and misspecifying covariate effects on measurement invariance testing and class enumeration…
Descriptors: Role, Error of Measurement, Monte Carlo Methods, Models
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Raykov, Tenko; Bluemke, Matthias – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
A widely applicable procedure of examining proximity to unidimensionality for multicomponent measuring instruments with multidimensional structure is discussed. The method is developed within the framework of latent variable modeling and allows one to point and interval estimate an explained variance proportion-based index that may be considered a…
Descriptors: Proximity, Measures (Individuals), Models, Statistical Analysis
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Ellis, Jules L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This study develops a theoretical model for the costs of an exam as a function of its duration. Two kind of costs are distinguished: (1) the costs of measurement errors and (2) the costs of the measurement. Both costs are expressed in time of the student. Based on a classical test theory model, enriched with assumptions on the context, the costs…
Descriptors: Test Length, Models, Error of Measurement, Measurement
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Su, Shiyang; Wang, Chun; Weiss, David J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
S-X[superscript 2] is a popular item fit index that is available in commercial software packages such as "flex"MIRT. However, no research has systematically examined the performance of S-X[superscript 2] for detecting item misfit within the context of the multidimensional graded response model (MGRM). The primary goal of this study was…
Descriptors: Statistics, Goodness of Fit, Test Items, Models
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Holmes Finch, W. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Social scientists are frequently interested in identifying latent subgroups within the population, based on a set of observed variables. One of the more common tools for this purpose is latent class analysis (LCA), which models a scenario involving k finite and mutually exclusive classes within the population. An alternative approach to this…
Descriptors: Group Membership, Classification, Sample Size, Models
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Nam, Yeji; Hong, Sehee – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This study investigated the extent to which class-specific parameter estimates are biased by the within-class normality assumption in nonnormal growth mixture modeling (GMM). Monte Carlo simulations for nonnormal GMM were conducted to analyze and compare two strategies for obtaining unbiased parameter estimates: relaxing the within-class normality…
Descriptors: Probability, Models, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Distributions
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Cassiday, Kristina R.; Cho, Youngmi; Harring, Jeffrey R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Simulation studies involving mixture models inevitably aggregate parameter estimates and other output across numerous replications. A primary issue that arises in these methodological investigations is label switching. The current study compares several label switching corrections that are commonly used when dealing with mixture models. A growth…
Descriptors: Probability, Models, Simulation, Mathematics
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Kim, Eunsook; von der Embse, Nathaniel – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Although collecting data from multiple informants is highly recommended, methods to model the congruence and incongruence between informants are limited. Bauer and colleagues suggested the trifactor model that decomposes the variances into common factor, informant perspective factors, and item-specific factors. This study extends their work to the…
Descriptors: Probability, Models, Statistical Analysis, Congruence (Psychology)
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Jang, Yoonsun; Cohen, Allan S. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A nonconverged Markov chain can potentially lead to invalid inferences about model parameters. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a nonconverged Markov chain on the estimation of parameters for mixture item response theory models using a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. A simulation study was conducted to investigate the…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Item Response Theory, Accuracy, Inferences
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Kara, Yusuf; Kamata, Akihito; Potgieter, Cornelis; Nese, Joseph F. T. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Oral reading fluency (ORF), used by teachers and school districts across the country to screen and progress monitor at-risk readers, has been documented as a good indicator of reading comprehension and overall reading competence. In traditional ORF administration, students are given one minute to read a grade-level passage, after which the…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Rate, Accuracy
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Beauducel, André; Kersting, Martin – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
We investigated by means of a simulation study how well methods for factor rotation can identify a two-facet simple structure. Samples were generated from orthogonal and oblique two-facet population factor models with 4 (2 factors per facet) to 12 factors (6 factors per facet). Samples drawn from orthogonal populations were submitted to factor…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Factor Analysis, Sample Size, Intelligence
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Yesiltas, Gonca; Paek, Insu – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A log-linear model (LLM) is a well-known statistical method to examine the relationship among categorical variables. This study investigated the performance of LLM in detecting differential item functioning (DIF) for polytomously scored items via simulations where various sample sizes, ability mean differences (impact), and DIF types were…
Descriptors: Simulation, Sample Size, Item Analysis, Scores
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Shi, Dexin; Lee, Taehun; Fairchild, Amanda J.; Maydeu-Olivares, Alberto – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
This study compares two missing data procedures in the context of ordinal factor analysis models: pairwise deletion (PD; the default setting in Mplus) and multiple imputation (MI). We examine which procedure demonstrates parameter estimates and model fit indices closer to those of complete data. The performance of PD and MI are compared under a…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Computation, Goodness of Fit
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Cohn, Sophie; Huggins-Manley, Anne Corinne – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether a recently developed semiordered model can be used to explore the functioning of neutral response options in rating scale data. Huggins-Manley, Algina, and Zhou developed a class of unidimensional models for semiordered data within scale items (i.e., items with both ordered response categories and…
Descriptors: Models, Responses, Evaluation Methods, Preservice Teachers
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