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Showing 1 to 15 of 300 results Save | Export
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Kush, Joseph M.; Konold, Timothy R.; Bradshaw, Catherine P. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM) allows researchers to model latent factor structures at multiple levels simultaneously by decomposing within- and between-group variation. Yet the extent to which the sampling ratio (i.e., proportion of cases sampled from each group) influences the results of MSEM models remains unknown. This article…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Factor Structure, Statistical Bias, Error of Measurement
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Montoya, Amanda K.; Edwards, Michael C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Model fit indices are being increasingly recommended and used to select the number of factors in an exploratory factor analysis. Growing evidence suggests that the recommended cutoff values for common model fit indices are not appropriate for use in an exploratory factor analysis context. A particularly prominent problem in scale evaluation is the…
Descriptors: Goodness of Fit, Factor Analysis, Cutting Scores, Correlation
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Levy, Roy; Xia, Yan; Green, Samuel B. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
A number of psychometricians have suggested that parallel analysis (PA) tends to yield more accurate results in determining the number of factors in comparison with other statistical methods. Nevertheless, all too often PA can suggest an incorrect number of factors, particularly in statistically unfavorable conditions (e.g., small sample sizes and…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Statistical Analysis, Factor Structure, Probability
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Revuelta, Javier; Franco-Martínez, Alicia; Ximénez, Carmen – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Situational judgment tests have gained popularity in educational and psychological measurement and are widely used in personnel assessment. A situational judgment item presents a hypothetical scenario and a list of actions, and the individuals are asked to select their most likely action for that scenario. Because actions have no explicit order,…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Situational Tests, Statistical Analysis, Sex Stereotypes
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Raborn, Anthony W.; Leite, Walter L.; Marcoulides, Katerina M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
This study compares automated methods to develop short forms of psychometric scales. Obtaining a short form that has both adequate internal structure and strong validity with respect to relationships with other variables is difficult with traditional methods of short-form development. Metaheuristic algorithms can select items for short forms while…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Automation, Heuristics, Mathematics
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Beauducel, André; Kersting, Martin – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
We investigated by means of a simulation study how well methods for factor rotation can identify a two-facet simple structure. Samples were generated from orthogonal and oblique two-facet population factor models with 4 (2 factors per facet) to 12 factors (6 factors per facet). Samples drawn from orthogonal populations were submitted to factor…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Factor Analysis, Sample Size, Intelligence
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Liang, Xinya – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Bayesian structural equation modeling (BSEM) is a flexible tool for the exploration and estimation of sparse factor loading structures; that is, most cross-loading entries are zero and only a few important cross-loadings are nonzero. The current investigation was focused on the BSEM with small-variance normal distribution priors (BSEM-N) for both…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Bayesian Statistics, Structural Equation Models, Goodness of Fit
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Yang, Yanyun; Xia, Yan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
When item scores are ordered categorical, categorical omega can be computed based on the parameter estimates from a factor analysis model using frequentist estimators such as diagonally weighted least squares. When the sample size is relatively small and thresholds are different across items, using diagonally weighted least squares can yield a…
Descriptors: Scores, Sample Size, Bayesian Statistics, Item Analysis
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Fujimoto, Ken A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Advancements in item response theory (IRT) have led to models for dual dependence, which control for cluster and method effects during a psychometric analysis. Currently, however, this class of models does not include one that controls for when the method effects stem from two method sources in which one source functions differently across the…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Item Response Theory, Psychometrics, Models
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Gonzalez, Oscar; MacKinnon, David P. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Statistical mediation analysis allows researchers to identify the most important mediating constructs in the causal process studied. Identifying specific mediators is especially relevant when the hypothesized mediating construct consists of multiple related facets. The general definition of the construct and its facets might relate differently to…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Monte Carlo Methods, Measurement, Models
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Zhang, Xijuan; Savalei, Victoria – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Many psychological scales written in the Likert format include reverse worded (RW) items in order to control acquiescence bias. However, studies have shown that RW items often contaminate the factor structure of the scale by creating one or more method factors. The present study examines an alternative scale format, called the Expanded format,…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Psychological Testing, Alternative Assessment, Test Items
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Lee, HwaYoung; Beretvas, S. Natasha – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
Conventional differential item functioning (DIF) detection methods (e.g., the Mantel-Haenszel test) can be used to detect DIF only across observed groups, such as gender or ethnicity. However, research has found that DIF is not typically fully explained by an observed variable. True sources of DIF may include unobserved, latent variables, such as…
Descriptors: Item Analysis, Factor Structure, Bayesian Statistics, Goodness of Fit
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Wiley, Edward W.; Shavelson, Richard J.; Kurpius, Amy A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
The name "SAT" has become synonymous with college admissions testing; it has been dubbed "the gold standard." Numerous studies on its reliability and predictive validity show that the SAT predicts college performance beyond high school grade point average. Surprisingly, studies of the factorial structure of the current version…
Descriptors: College Readiness, College Admission, College Entrance Examinations, Factor Analysis
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Raykov, Tenko; Pohl, Steffi – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2013
A procedure for examining essential unidimensionality in multicomponent measuring instruments is discussed. The method is based on an application of latent variable modeling and is concerned with the extent to which a common factor for all components of a given scale accounts for their correlations. The approach provides point and interval…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Statistical Analysis, Factor Structure, Correlation
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Segeritz, Micha; Pant, Hans Anand – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2013
This article summarizes the key finding of a study that (a) tests the measurement invariance (MI) of the popular Students' Approaches to Learning instrument (Programme for International Student Assessment [PISA]) across ethnic/cultural groups within a country and (b) discusses implications for research focusing on the role of affective measures in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Affective Measures, Immigrants, Ethnic Groups
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