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Raykov, Tenko; DiStefano, Christine – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
The frequent practice of overall fit evaluation for latent variable models in educational and behavioral research is reconsidered. It is argued that since overall plausibility does not imply local plausibility and is only necessary for the latter, local misfit should be considered a sufficient condition for model rejection, even in the case of…
Descriptors: Goodness of Fit, Models, Educational Research, Behavioral Science Research
Petscher, Yaacov; Schatschneider, Christopher – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Complex data structures are ubiquitous in psychological research, especially in educational settings. In the context of randomized controlled trials, students are nested in classrooms but may be cross-classified by other units, such as small groups. Furthermore, in many cases only some students may be nested within a unit while other students may…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Causal Models, Randomized Controlled Trials, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Li, Wei; Miller, Shazia; van der Ploeg, Arie – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This study discusses quantile regression methodology and its usefulness in education and social science research. First, quantile regression is defined and its advantages vis-à-vis vis ordinary least squares regression are illustrated. Second, specific comparisons are made between ordinary least squares and quantile regression methods. Third, the…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis, Educational Research, Social Science Research
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Ing, Marsha – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
In instructional sensitivity research, it is important to evaluate the validity argument about the extent to which student performance on the assessment can be used to infer differences in instructional experiences. This study examines whether three different measures of mathematics instruction consistently identify mathematics assessments as…
Descriptors: Validity, Educational Research, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Tests
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Isiordia, Marilu; Ferrer, Emilio – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
A first-order latent growth model assesses change in an unobserved construct from a single score and is commonly used across different domains of educational research. However, examining change using a set of multiple response scores (e.g., scale items) affords researchers several methodological benefits not possible when using a single score. A…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Statistical Analysis, Models, Longitudinal Studies
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Jamil, Tahira; Marsman, Maarten; Ly, Alexander; Morey, Richard D.; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2017
In 1881, Donald MacAlister posed a problem in the "Educational Times" that remains relevant today. The problem centers on the statistical evidence for the effectiveness of a treatment based on a comparison between two proportions. A brief historical sketch is followed by a discussion of two default Bayesian solutions, one based on a…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Evidence, Comparative Analysis, Problem Solving
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A.; Li, Cheng-Hsien – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
Popular measurement invariance testing procedures for latent constructs evaluated by multiple indicators in distinct populations are revisited and discussed. A frequently used test of factor loading invariance is shown to possess serious limitations that in general preclude it from accomplishing its goal of ascertaining this invariance. A process…
Descriptors: Measurement, Statistical Analysis, Models, Behavioral Science Research
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Xu, Ting; Stone, Clement A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
It has been argued that item response theory trait estimates should be used in analyses rather than number right (NR) or summated scale (SS) scores. Thissen and Orlando postulated that IRT scaling tends to produce trait estimates that are linearly related to the underlying trait being measured. Therefore, IRT trait estimates can be more useful…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Monte Carlo Methods, Measures (Individuals), Item Response Theory
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Konstantopoulos, Spyros – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2011
Field experiments with nested structures assign entire groups such as schools to treatment and control conditions. Key aspects of such cluster randomized experiments include knowledge of the intraclass correlation structure and the sample sizes necessary to achieve adequate power to detect the treatment effect. The units at each level of the…
Descriptors: Sampling, Multivariate Analysis, Sample Size, Statistical Analysis
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Kim, Eun Sook; Willson, Victor L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
This article presents a method to evaluate pretest effects on posttest scores in the absence of an un-pretested control group using published results of pretesting effects due to Willson and Putnam. Confidence intervals around the expected theoretical gain due to pretesting are computed, and observed gains or differential gains are compared with…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Intervals, Educational Research, Educational Psychology
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Cizek, Gregory J.; Bowen, Daniel; Church, Keri – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
This study followed up on previous work that examined the incidence of reporting evidence based on test consequences in "Mental Measurements Yearbook". In the present study, additional possible outlets for what has been called "consequential validity" evidence were investigated, including all articles published in the past 10 years in several…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Assessment, Psychological Testing, Followup Studies
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Skidmore, Susan Troncoso; Thompson, Bruce – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
The purpose of the present study is to provide a historical account and metasynthesis of which statistical techniques are most frequently used in the fields of education and psychology. Six articles reviewing the "American Educational Research Journal" from 1969 to 1997 and five articles reviewing the psychological literature from 1948 to 2001…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Meta Analysis, Synthesis, Statistical Studies
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Holden, Jocelyn E.; Kelley, Ken – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
Classification procedures are common and useful in behavioral, educational, social, and managerial research. Supervised classification techniques such as discriminant function analysis assume training data are perfectly classified when estimating parameters or classifying. In contrast, unsupervised classification techniques such as finite mixture…
Descriptors: Discriminant Analysis, Classification, Computation, Behavioral Science Research
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Alhija, Fadia Nasser-Abu; Levy, Adi – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2009
Effect size (ES) reporting practices in a sample of 10 educational research journals are examined in this study. Five of these journals explicitly require reporting ES and the other 5 have no such policy. Data were obtained from 99 articles published in the years 2003 and 2004, in which 183 statistical analyses were conducted. Findings indicate no…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Periodicals, Educational Research, Policy
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Hogarty, Kristine Y.; Hines, Constance V.; Kromrey, Jeffrey D.; Ferron, John M.; Mumford, Karen R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sample size and the quality of factor solutions obtained from exploratory factor analysis. This research expanded upon the range of conditions previously examined, employing a broad selection of criteria for the evaluation of the quality of sample factor solutions. Results…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Evaluation Methods
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