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Petscher, Yaacov; Schatschneider, Christopher – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Complex data structures are ubiquitous in psychological research, especially in educational settings. In the context of randomized controlled trials, students are nested in classrooms but may be cross-classified by other units, such as small groups. Furthermore, in many cases only some students may be nested within a unit while other students may…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Causal Models, Randomized Controlled Trials, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Baranik, Lisa E.; Barron, Kenneth E.; Finney, Sara J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2007
The current research extended the three-factor (mastery, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance) measure of achievement goals in a work domain to the four-factor conceptualization (in a 2 x 2 framework) by adding items to represent mastery-avoidance goals. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted on two independent samples to evaluate…
Descriptors: Validity, Factor Analysis, Construct Validity, Work Environment
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Peugh, James L.; Enders, Craig K. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2005
Beginning with Version 11, SPSS implemented the MIXED procedure, which is capable of performing many common hierarchical linear model analyses. The purpose of this article was to provide a tutorial for performing cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses using this popular software platform. In doing so, the authors borrowed heavily from Singer's…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Statistical Analysis, Causal Models, Structural Equation Models
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Hamilton, Richard J.; Akhter, Selina – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2002
Studied the construct validity of the dimensions of the Multidimensional-Multiattributional Causality Scale based on B. Wiener's attribution model (1979) in achievement and affiliation goal domains. Results for 172 New Zealand college students provide evidence that the measure is better used as a goal specific measure than a general measure. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement, Attribution Theory, Causal Models, College Students
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Lance, Charles E.; And Others – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1990
A causal model of halo error (HE) is derived. Three hypotheses are formulated to explain findings of negative HE. It is suggested that apparent negative HE may have been misinferred from existing correlational measures of HE, and that positive HE is more prevalent than had previously been thought. (SLD)
Descriptors: Causal Models, Correlation, Definitions, Equations (Mathematics)