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Showing 1 to 15 of 586 results Save | Export
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Kim, Nana; Bolt, Daniel M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This paper presents a mixture item response tree (IRTree) model for extreme response style. Unlike traditional applications of single IRTree models, a mixture approach provides a way of representing the mixture of respondents following different underlying response processes (between individuals), as well as the uncertainty present at the…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Response Style (Tests), Models, Test Items
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Raykov, Tenko; Bluemke, Matthias – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
A widely applicable procedure of examining proximity to unidimensionality for multicomponent measuring instruments with multidimensional structure is discussed. The method is developed within the framework of latent variable modeling and allows one to point and interval estimate an explained variance proportion-based index that may be considered a…
Descriptors: Proximity, Measures (Individuals), Models, Statistical Analysis
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Man, Kaiwen; Harring, Jeffrey R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Many approaches have been proposed to jointly analyze item responses and response times to understand behavioral differences between normally and aberrantly behaved test-takers. Biometric information, such as data from eye trackers, can be used to better identify these deviant testing behaviors in addition to more conventional data types. Given…
Descriptors: Cheating, Item Response Theory, Reaction Time, Eye Movements
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
The population discrepancy between unstandardized and standardized reliability of homogeneous multicomponent measuring instruments is examined. Within a latent variable modeling framework, it is shown that the standardized reliability coefficient for unidimensional scales can be markedly higher than the corresponding unstandardized reliability…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Computation, Measures (Individuals), Research Problems
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Andersson, Gustaf; Yang-Wallentin, Fan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Factor score regression has recently received growing interest as an alternative for structural equation modeling. However, many applications are left without guidance because of the focus on normally distributed outcomes in the literature. We perform a simulation study to examine how a selection of factor scoring methods compare when estimating…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis, Computation, Scoring
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Kim, Eunsook; von der Embse, Nathaniel – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Although collecting data from multiple informants is highly recommended, methods to model the congruence and incongruence between informants are limited. Bauer and colleagues suggested the trifactor model that decomposes the variances into common factor, informant perspective factors, and item-specific factors. This study extends their work to the…
Descriptors: Probability, Models, Statistical Analysis, Congruence (Psychology)
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Dowling, N. Maritza; Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Equating of psychometric scales and tests is frequently required and conducted in educational, behavioral, and clinical research. Construct comparability or equivalence between measuring instruments is a necessary condition for making decisions about linking and equating resulting scores. This article is concerned with a widely applicable method…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Psychometrics, Screening Tests, Dementia
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Raykov, Tenko; Al-Qataee, Abdullah A.; Dimitrov, Dimiter M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A procedure for evaluation of validity related coefficients and their differences is discussed, which is applicable when one or more frequently used assumptions in empirical educational, behavioral and social research are violated. The method is developed within the framework of the latent variable modeling methodology and accomplishes point and…
Descriptors: Validity, Evaluation Methods, Social Science Research, Correlation
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
This note raises caution that a finding of a marked pseudo-guessing parameter for an item within a three-parameter item response model could be spurious in a population with substantial unobserved heterogeneity. A numerical example is presented wherein each of two classes the two-parameter logistic model is used to generate the data on a…
Descriptors: Guessing (Tests), Item Response Theory, Test Items, Models
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Fujimoto, Ken A.; Neugebauer, Sabina R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Although item response theory (IRT) models such as the bifactor, two-tier, and between-item-dimensionality IRT models have been devised to confirm complex dimensional structures in educational and psychological data, they can be challenging to use in practice. The reason is that these models are multidimensional IRT (MIRT) models and thus are…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Item Response Theory, Sample Size, Factor Structure
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Feuerstahler, Leah M.; Waller, Niels; MacDonald, Angus, III – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Although item response models have grown in popularity in many areas of educational and psychological assessment, there are relatively few applications of these models in experimental psychopathology. In this article, we explore the use of item response models in the context of a computerized cognitive task designed to assess visual working memory…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Psychopathology, Intelligence Tests, Psychological Evaluation
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Liu, Yuan; Hau, Kit-Tai – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
In large-scale low-stake assessment such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), students may skip items (missingness) which are within their ability to complete. The detection and taking care of these noneffortful responses, as a measure of test-taking motivation, is an important issue in modern psychometric models.…
Descriptors: Response Style (Tests), Motivation, Test Items, Statistical Analysis
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This note discusses the merits of coefficient alpha and their conditions in light of recent critical publications that miss out on significant research findings over the past several decades. That earlier research has demonstrated the empirical relevance and utility of coefficient alpha under certain empirical circumstances. The article highlights…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Test Items, Correlation
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A.; Harrison, Michael; Menold, Natalja – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This note confronts the common use of a single coefficient alpha as an index informing about reliability of a multicomponent measurement instrument in a heterogeneous population. Two or more alpha coefficients could instead be meaningfully associated with a given instrument in finite mixture settings, and this may be increasingly more likely the…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Test Reliability, Measures (Individuals), Computation
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A.; Li, Tenglong – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2017
The measurement error in principal components extracted from a set of fallible measures is discussed and evaluated. It is shown that as long as one or more measures in a given set of observed variables contains error of measurement, so also does any principal component obtained from the set. The error variance in any principal component is shown…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Factor Analysis, Research Methodology, Psychometrics
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