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Liu, Yuan; Hau, Kit-Tai – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
In large-scale low-stake assessment such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), students may skip items (missingness) which are within their ability to complete. The detection and taking care of these noneffortful responses, as a measure of test-taking motivation, is an important issue in modern psychometric models.…
Descriptors: Response Style (Tests), Motivation, Test Items, Statistical Analysis
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Andrich, David; Marais, Ida; Humphry, Stephen Mark – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Recent research has shown how the statistical bias in Rasch model difficulty estimates induced by guessing in multiple-choice items can be eliminated. Using vertical scaling of a high-profile national reading test, it is shown that the dominant effect of removing such bias is a nonlinear change in the unit of scale across the continuum. The…
Descriptors: Guessing (Tests), Statistical Bias, Item Response Theory, Multiple Choice Tests
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Reckase, Mark D.; Xu, Jing-Ru – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
How to compute and report subscores for a test that was originally designed for reporting scores on a unidimensional scale has been a topic of interest in recent years. In the research reported here, we describe an application of multidimensional item response theory to identify a subscore structure in a test designed for reporting results using a…
Descriptors: English, Language Skills, English Language Learners, Scores
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Martin, Andrew J.; Malmberg, Lars-Erik; Liem, Gregory Arief D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
Statistical biases associated with single-level analyses underscore the importance of partitioning variance/covariance matrices into individual and group levels. From a multilevel perspective based on data from 21,579 students in 58 high schools, the present study assesses the multilevel factor structure of motivation and engagement with a…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Measures (Individuals)
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Humphry, Stephen M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
Discrimination has traditionally been parameterized for items but not other empirical factors. Consequently, if person factors affect discrimination they cause misfit. However, by explicitly formulating the relationship between discrimination and the unit of a metric, it is possible to parameterize discrimination for person groups. This article…
Descriptors: Discriminant Analysis, Models, Simulation, Reading Tests
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MacCann, Robert G. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2008
It is shown that the Angoff and bookmarking cut scores are examples of true score equating that in the real world must be applied to observed scores. In the context of defining minimal competency, the percentage "failed" by such methods is a function of the length of the measuring instrument. It is argued that this length is largely…
Descriptors: True Scores, Cutting Scores, Minimum Competencies, Scores
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Martin, Andrew J.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Debus, Raymond L.; Malmberg, Lars-Erik – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2008
This investigation assesses performance and mastery orientation from a Rasch perspective among high school and university students and provides a complementary approach to the factor analytic methods typical in goal theory research. Data shows that both school and university students are high in mastery orientation relative to performance…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Psychometrics, College Students, High School Students
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Hawkins, Colleen C.; Watt, Helen M. G.; Sinclair, Kenneth E. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2006
The psychometric properties of the Frost, Marten, Lahart, and Rosenblate Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (1990) are investigated to determine its usefulness as a measurement of perfectionism with Australian secondary school girls and to find empirical support for the existence of both healthy and unhealthy types of perfectionist students.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychometrics, Multidimensional Scaling, Secondary School Students
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Schaufeli, Wilmar B.; Bakker, Arnold B.; Salanova, Marisa – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2006
This article reports on the development of a short questionnaire to measure work engagement--a positive work-related state of fulfillment that is characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption. Data were collected in 10 different countries (N = 14,521), and results indicated that the original 17-item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) can be…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Burnout, Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Nielsen, Ingrid L.; Moore, Kathleen A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2003
Studied descriptive measurement reliability and validity of scores from the newly developed Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES) for class and test with a sample of 302 Australian high school students. Results provide some evidence for the psychometric properties of the MSES in both contexts, but there is evidence of failure to counterbalance…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, High Schools, Mathematics
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Watkins, David – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1986
Learning processes, as measured by the Approaches to Studying Inventory, contributed to the prediction of freshman grades of 181 Australians. Other measures, such as college entrance examinations, locus of control, and student background characteristics, had less predictive ability. (GDC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Style, Cognitive Tests, College Entrance Examinations
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Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.; And Others – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1985
The reliability and factorial validity of the Self Concept as a Learner Scale was studied, using 12-year-old Anglo-Australians. Reliability was acceptable for total scale and three subscales (task orientation, problem solving, and class membership), but not motivation. The validity of the factorial subscales was not confirmed. (GDC)
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Foreign Countries, Junior High Schools, Learning
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Masters, Geofferey N. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1984
DICOT, a computer program for the Rasch analysis of classroom tests, is described. Results are presented in a self-explanatory form. Person ability and item difficulty estimates are expressed in a familiar metric. Person and item fit statistics provide a diagnosis of individual children and identification of problematic items. (Author/DWH)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Foreign Countries, Item Analysis, Latent Trait Theory
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Watkins, David – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1982
An extension of Tinto's model of the college dropout process was tested with freshmen at an Australian university. The college entrance examination was a relatively valid predictor of whether students will pass, achieve honors, or fail or withdraw. Nonintellective factors were not valid predictors of academic progress. (Author/BW)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, College Entrance Examinations, Dropout Research, Foreign Countries
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Majoribanks, Kevin – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1982
The contribution of family environment to variation in achievement scores of children was found to be relatively small compared to the contribution of social status. Parental aspirations and their educational orientations assessed by home interviews and the implications of this study for previous environmental research are discussed. (Author/CM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Family Environment, Foreign Countries
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