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Liu, Yuan; Hau, Kit-Tai – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
In large-scale low-stake assessment such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), students may skip items (missingness) which are within their ability to complete. The detection and taking care of these noneffortful responses, as a measure of test-taking motivation, is an important issue in modern psychometric models.…
Descriptors: Response Style (Tests), Motivation, Test Items, Statistical Analysis
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Andrich, David; Marais, Ida; Humphry, Stephen Mark – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Recent research has shown how the statistical bias in Rasch model difficulty estimates induced by guessing in multiple-choice items can be eliminated. Using vertical scaling of a high-profile national reading test, it is shown that the dominant effect of removing such bias is a nonlinear change in the unit of scale across the continuum. The…
Descriptors: Guessing (Tests), Statistical Bias, Item Response Theory, Multiple Choice Tests
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Reckase, Mark D.; Xu, Jing-Ru – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
How to compute and report subscores for a test that was originally designed for reporting scores on a unidimensional scale has been a topic of interest in recent years. In the research reported here, we describe an application of multidimensional item response theory to identify a subscore structure in a test designed for reporting results using a…
Descriptors: English, Language Skills, English Language Learners, Scores
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Martin, Andrew J.; Malmberg, Lars-Erik; Liem, Gregory Arief D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
Statistical biases associated with single-level analyses underscore the importance of partitioning variance/covariance matrices into individual and group levels. From a multilevel perspective based on data from 21,579 students in 58 high schools, the present study assesses the multilevel factor structure of motivation and engagement with a…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Measures (Individuals)
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Humphry, Stephen M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
Discrimination has traditionally been parameterized for items but not other empirical factors. Consequently, if person factors affect discrimination they cause misfit. However, by explicitly formulating the relationship between discrimination and the unit of a metric, it is possible to parameterize discrimination for person groups. This article…
Descriptors: Discriminant Analysis, Models, Simulation, Reading Tests
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Martin, Andrew J.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Debus, Raymond L.; Malmberg, Lars-Erik – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2008
This investigation assesses performance and mastery orientation from a Rasch perspective among high school and university students and provides a complementary approach to the factor analytic methods typical in goal theory research. Data shows that both school and university students are high in mastery orientation relative to performance…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Psychometrics, College Students, High School Students
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MacCann, Robert G. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2008
It is shown that the Angoff and bookmarking cut scores are examples of true score equating that in the real world must be applied to observed scores. In the context of defining minimal competency, the percentage "failed" by such methods is a function of the length of the measuring instrument. It is argued that this length is largely…
Descriptors: True Scores, Cutting Scores, Minimum Competencies, Scores
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Hawkins, Colleen C.; Watt, Helen M. G.; Sinclair, Kenneth E. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2006
The psychometric properties of the Frost, Marten, Lahart, and Rosenblate Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (1990) are investigated to determine its usefulness as a measurement of perfectionism with Australian secondary school girls and to find empirical support for the existence of both healthy and unhealthy types of perfectionist students.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychometrics, Multidimensional Scaling, Secondary School Students
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Schaufeli, Wilmar B.; Bakker, Arnold B.; Salanova, Marisa – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2006
This article reports on the development of a short questionnaire to measure work engagement--a positive work-related state of fulfillment that is characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption. Data were collected in 10 different countries (N = 14,521), and results indicated that the original 17-item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) can be…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Burnout, Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Nielsen, Ingrid L.; Moore, Kathleen A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2003
Studied descriptive measurement reliability and validity of scores from the newly developed Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES) for class and test with a sample of 302 Australian high school students. Results provide some evidence for the psychometric properties of the MSES in both contexts, but there is evidence of failure to counterbalance…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, High Schools, Mathematics
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Marjoribanks, Kevin – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1983
The results of the present study suggest that family learning environments as perceived by 16-year-olds have negligible to moderate associations with social context and academic achievement measures that were assessed when the adolescents were five years younger, indicating the possible complexity of relationships between adolescents' perceptions…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Family Characteristics, Family Environment
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Watson, Jane M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1983
Providing additional data concerning the reliability and discriminant validity of Aiken's Enjoyment of Mathematics and Value of Mathematics Scales resulted in a degree of correlation between scales lower than for Aiken's data. Also, the view that the scales measure different aspects of attitude toward mathematics was supported. (PN)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Correlation, Factor Structure, Foreign Countries
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Masters, Geofferey N. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1984
DICOT, a computer program for the Rasch analysis of classroom tests, is described. Results are presented in a self-explanatory form. Person ability and item difficulty estimates are expressed in a familiar metric. Person and item fit statistics provide a diagnosis of individual children and identification of problematic items. (Author/DWH)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Foreign Countries, Item Analysis, Latent Trait Theory
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Forsterlee, Robert; Ho, Robert – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1999
Studied the factor structure of the Need for Cognition Scale (NFC) (J. Cohen, E. Scotland, and D. Wolfe, 1955) (short form) with samples of 510 and 697 Australian adults. Results support the use of the short version of the NFC with Australian samples. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adults, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Test Format
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Wheldall, Kevin; Mok, Magdalena; Beaman, Robyn – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1999
Analyzed data from 1,467 Australian high school students for the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ) to determine the degree to which ICEQ scores measure aspects of classroom climate as opposed to individual student attitude. Results support the use of the ICEQ as a measure of classroom climate. (SLD)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Educational Environment, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Countries
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