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Showing 1 to 15 of 56 results Save | Export
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Jin, Kuan-Yu; Eckes, Thomas – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Performance assessments heavily rely on human ratings. These ratings are typically subject to various forms of error and bias, threatening the assessment outcomes' validity and fairness. Differential rater functioning (DRF) is a special kind of threat to fairness manifesting itself in unwanted interactions between raters and performance- or…
Descriptors: Performance Based Assessment, Rating Scales, Test Bias, Student Evaluation
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Weigl, Klemens; Forstner, Thomas – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Paper-based visual analogue scale (VAS) items were developed 100 years ago. Although they gained great popularity in clinical and medical research for assessing pain, they have been scarcely applied in other areas of psychological research for several decades. However, since the beginning of digitization, VAS have attracted growing interest among…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Visual Measures, Gender Differences, Foreign Countries
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Spratto, Elisabeth M.; Leventhal, Brian C.; Bandalos, Deborah L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
In this study, we examined the results and interpretations produced from two different IRTree models--one using paths consisting of only dichotomous decisions, and one using paths consisting of both dichotomous and polytomous decisions. We used data from two versions of an impulsivity measure. In the first version, all the response options had…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Item Response Theory, Decision Making, Data Analysis
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Agley, Jon; Tidd, David; Jun, Mikyoung; Eldridge, Lori; Xiao, Yunyu; Sussman, Steve; Jayawardene, Wasantha; Agley, Daniel; Gassman, Ruth; Dickinson, Stephanie L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Prospective longitudinal data collection is an important way for researchers and evaluators to assess change. In school-based settings, for low-risk and/or likely-beneficial interventions or surveys, data quality and ethical standards are both arguably stronger when using a waiver of parental consent--but doing so often requires the use of…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Longitudinal Studies, Data Collection, Intervention
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Jiang, Zhehan; Shi, Dexin; Distefano, Christine – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
The costs of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) are of concern to health profession educators globally. As OSCEs are usually designed under generalizability theory (G-theory) framework, this article proposes a machine-learning-based approach to optimize the costs, while maintaining the minimum required generalizability…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Generalizability Theory, Objective Tests, Foreign Countries
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Ranger, Jochen; Kuhn, Jörg Tobias; Ortner, Tuulia M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
The hierarchical model of van der Linden is the most popular model for responses and response times in tests. It is composed of two separate submodels--one for the responses and one for the response times--that are joined at a higher level. The submodel for the response times is based on the lognormal distribution. The lognormal distribution is a…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Tests, Statistical Distributions, Models
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Cohn, Sophie; Huggins-Manley, Anne Corinne – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether a recently developed semiordered model can be used to explore the functioning of neutral response options in rating scale data. Huggins-Manley, Algina, and Zhou developed a class of unidimensional models for semiordered data within scale items (i.e., items with both ordered response categories and…
Descriptors: Models, Responses, Evaluation Methods, Preservice Teachers
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Raykov, Tenko; Al-Qataee, Abdullah A.; Dimitrov, Dimiter M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A procedure for evaluation of validity related coefficients and their differences is discussed, which is applicable when one or more frequently used assumptions in empirical educational, behavioral and social research are violated. The method is developed within the framework of the latent variable modeling methodology and accomplishes point and…
Descriptors: Validity, Evaluation Methods, Social Science Research, Correlation
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Luo, Yong; Dimitrov, Dimiter M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Plausible values can be used to either estimate population-level statistics or compute point estimates of latent variables. While it is well known that five plausible values are usually sufficient for accurate estimation of population-level statistics in large-scale surveys, the minimum number of plausible values needed to obtain accurate latent…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Monte Carlo Methods, Markov Processes, Outcome Measures
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Harrison, Allyson G.; Butt, Kaitlyn; Armstrong, Irene – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
There has been a marked increase in accommodation requests from students with disabilities at both the postsecondary education level and on high-stakes examinations. As such, accurate identification and quantification of normative impairment is essential for equitable provision of accommodations. Considerable diversity currently exists in methods…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Test Norms, Age, Instructional Program Divisions
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Raykov, Tenko; Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Marcoulides, George A.; Harrison, Michael – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Building on prior research on the relationships between key concepts in item response theory and classical test theory, this note contributes to highlighting their important and useful links. A readily and widely applicable latent variable modeling procedure is discussed that can be used for point and interval estimation of the individual person…
Descriptors: True Scores, Item Response Theory, Test Items, Test Theory
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Sideridis, Georgios; Tsaousis, Ioannis; Al Harbi, Khaleel – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2017
The purpose of the present article was to illustrate, using an example from a national assessment, the value from analyzing the behavior of distractors in measures that engage the multiple-choice format. A secondary purpose of the present article was to illustrate four remedial actions that can potentially improve the measurement of the…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Attention Control, Testing, Remedial Instruction
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Attali, Yigal – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Performance of students in low-stakes testing situations has been a concern and focus of recent research. However, researchers who have examined the effect of stakes on performance have not been able to compare low-stakes performance to truly high-stakes performance of the same students. Results of such a comparison are reported in this article.…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study, High Stakes Tests, Comparative Analysis
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Zhang, Xijuan; Savalei, Victoria – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Many psychological scales written in the Likert format include reverse worded (RW) items in order to control acquiescence bias. However, studies have shown that RW items often contaminate the factor structure of the scale by creating one or more method factors. The present study examines an alternative scale format, called the Expanded format,…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Psychological Testing, Alternative Assessment, Test Items
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Hamby, Tyler; Taylor, Wyn – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
This study examined the predictors and psychometric outcomes of survey satisficing, wherein respondents provide quick, "good enough" answers (satisficing) rather than carefully considered answers (optimizing). We administered surveys to university students and respondents--half of whom held college degrees--from a for-pay survey website,…
Descriptors: Surveys, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Comparative Analysis
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