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Montoya, Amanda K.; Edwards, Michael C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Model fit indices are being increasingly recommended and used to select the number of factors in an exploratory factor analysis. Growing evidence suggests that the recommended cutoff values for common model fit indices are not appropriate for use in an exploratory factor analysis context. A particularly prominent problem in scale evaluation is the…
Descriptors: Goodness of Fit, Factor Analysis, Cutting Scores, Correlation
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Wang, Yan; Kim, Eunsook; Ferron, John M.; Dedrick, Robert F.; Tan, Tony X.; Stark, Stephen – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Factor mixture modeling (FMM) has been increasingly used to investigate unobserved population heterogeneity. This study examined the issue of covariate effects with FMM in the context of measurement invariance testing. Specifically, the impact of excluding and misspecifying covariate effects on measurement invariance testing and class enumeration…
Descriptors: Role, Error of Measurement, Monte Carlo Methods, Models
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Park, Sung Eun; Ahn, Soyeon; Zopluoglu, Cengiz – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This study presents a new approach to synthesizing differential item functioning (DIF) effect size: First, using correlation matrices from each study, we perform a multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA) that examines measurement invariance of a test item between two subgroups (i.e., focal and reference groups). Then we synthesize, across…
Descriptors: Item Analysis, Effect Size, Difficulty Level, Monte Carlo Methods
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Agley, Jon; Tidd, David; Jun, Mikyoung; Eldridge, Lori; Xiao, Yunyu; Sussman, Steve; Jayawardene, Wasantha; Agley, Daniel; Gassman, Ruth; Dickinson, Stephanie L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Prospective longitudinal data collection is an important way for researchers and evaluators to assess change. In school-based settings, for low-risk and/or likely-beneficial interventions or surveys, data quality and ethical standards are both arguably stronger when using a waiver of parental consent--but doing so often requires the use of…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Longitudinal Studies, Data Collection, Intervention
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Jang, Yoonsun; Cohen, Allan S. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A nonconverged Markov chain can potentially lead to invalid inferences about model parameters. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a nonconverged Markov chain on the estimation of parameters for mixture item response theory models using a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. A simulation study was conducted to investigate the…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Item Response Theory, Accuracy, Inferences
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Yesiltas, Gonca; Paek, Insu – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A log-linear model (LLM) is a well-known statistical method to examine the relationship among categorical variables. This study investigated the performance of LLM in detecting differential item functioning (DIF) for polytomously scored items via simulations where various sample sizes, ability mean differences (impact), and DIF types were…
Descriptors: Simulation, Sample Size, Item Analysis, Scores
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Dowling, N. Maritza; Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Equating of psychometric scales and tests is frequently required and conducted in educational, behavioral, and clinical research. Construct comparability or equivalence between measuring instruments is a necessary condition for making decisions about linking and equating resulting scores. This article is concerned with a widely applicable method…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Psychometrics, Screening Tests, Dementia
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Cohn, Sophie; Huggins-Manley, Anne Corinne – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether a recently developed semiordered model can be used to explore the functioning of neutral response options in rating scale data. Huggins-Manley, Algina, and Zhou developed a class of unidimensional models for semiordered data within scale items (i.e., items with both ordered response categories and…
Descriptors: Models, Responses, Evaluation Methods, Preservice Teachers
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Raykov, Tenko; Al-Qataee, Abdullah A.; Dimitrov, Dimiter M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
A procedure for evaluation of validity related coefficients and their differences is discussed, which is applicable when one or more frequently used assumptions in empirical educational, behavioral and social research are violated. The method is developed within the framework of the latent variable modeling methodology and accomplishes point and…
Descriptors: Validity, Evaluation Methods, Social Science Research, Correlation
Aytürk, Ezgi; Cham, Heining; Jennings, Patricia A.; Brown, Joshua L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Methods to handle ordered-categorical indicators in latent variable interactions have been developed, yet they have not been widely applied. This article compares the performance of two popular latent variable interaction modeling approaches in handling ordered-categorical indicators: unconstrained product indicator (UPI) and latent moderated…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Chen, Michelle Y.; Liu, Yan; Zumbo, Bruno D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
This study introduces a novel differential item functioning (DIF) method based on propensity score matching that tackles two challenges in analyzing performance assessment data, that is, continuous task scores and lack of a reliable internal variable as a proxy for ability or aptitude. The proposed DIF method consists of two main stages. First,…
Descriptors: Probability, Scores, Evaluation Methods, Test Items
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Liang, Xinya – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Bayesian structural equation modeling (BSEM) is a flexible tool for the exploration and estimation of sparse factor loading structures; that is, most cross-loading entries are zero and only a few important cross-loadings are nonzero. The current investigation was focused on the BSEM with small-variance normal distribution priors (BSEM-N) for both…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Bayesian Statistics, Structural Equation Models, Goodness of Fit
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Zhan, Peida – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Timely diagnostic feedback is helpful for students and teachers, enabling them to adjust their learning and teaching plans according to a current diagnosis. Motivated by the practical concern that the simultaneity estimation strategy currently adopted by longitudinal learning diagnosis models does not provide timely diagnostic feedback, this study…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Formative Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Feedback (Response)
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Yang, Yanyun; Xia, Yan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
When item scores are ordered categorical, categorical omega can be computed based on the parameter estimates from a factor analysis model using frequentist estimators such as diagonally weighted least squares. When the sample size is relatively small and thresholds are different across items, using diagonally weighted least squares can yield a…
Descriptors: Scores, Sample Size, Bayesian Statistics, Item Analysis
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Gönülates, Emre – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This article introduces the Quality of Item Pool (QIP) Index, a novel approach to quantifying the adequacy of an item pool of a computerized adaptive test for a given set of test specifications and examinee population. This index ranges from 0 to 1, with values close to 1 indicating the item pool presents optimum items to examinees throughout the…
Descriptors: Item Banks, Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Error of Measurement
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