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Showing 1 to 15 of 3,809 results Save | Export
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Betts, Joe; Muntean, William; Kim, Doyoung; Kao, Shu-chuan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
The multiple response structure can underlie several different technology-enhanced item types. With the increased use of computer-based testing, multiple response items are becoming more common. This response type holds the potential for being scored polytomously for partial credit. However, there are several possible methods for computing raw…
Descriptors: Scoring, Test Items, Test Format, Raw Scores
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Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Atanasov, Dimitar V. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
This study offers an approach to testing for differential item functioning (DIF) in a recently developed measurement framework, referred to as "D"-scoring method (DSM). Under the proposed approach, called "P-Z" method of testing for DIF, the item response functions of two groups (reference and focal) are compared by…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Methods, Test Items, Scoring
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Sim, Mikyung; Kim, Su-Young; Suh, Youngsuk – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Mediation models have been widely used in many disciplines to better understand the underlying processes between independent and dependent variables. Despite their popularity and importance, the appropriate sample sizes for estimating those models are not well known. Although several approaches (such as Monte Carlo methods) exist, applied…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Statistical Analysis, Predictor Variables, Path Analysis
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Rios, Joseph A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
The presence of rapid guessing (RG) presents a challenge to practitioners in obtaining accurate estimates of measurement properties and examinee ability. In response to this concern, researchers have utilized response times as a proxy of RG and have attempted to improve parameter estimation accuracy by filtering RG responses using popular scoring…
Descriptors: Guessing (Tests), Classification, Accuracy, Computation
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Schroeders, Ulrich; Schmidt, Christoph; Gnambs, Timo – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Careless responding is a bias in survey responses that disregards the actual item content, constituting a threat to the factor structure, reliability, and validity of psychological measurements. Different approaches have been proposed to detect aberrant responses such as probing questions that directly assess test-taking behavior (e.g., bogus…
Descriptors: Response Style (Tests), Surveys, Artificial Intelligence, Identification
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Falk, Carl F.; Feuerstahler, Leah M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Large-scale assessments often use a computer adaptive test (CAT) for selection of items and for scoring respondents. Such tests often assume a parametric form for the relationship between item responses and the underlying construct. Although semi- and nonparametric response functions could be used, there is scant research on their performance in a…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Nonparametric Statistics
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Peng, Luyao; Sinharay, Sandip – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Wollack et al. (2015) suggested the erasure detection index (EDI) for detecting fraudulent erasures for individual examinees. Wollack and Eckerly (2017) and Sinharay (2018) extended the index of Wollack et al. (2015) to suggest three EDIs for detecting fraudulent erasures at the aggregate or group level. This article follows up on the research of…
Descriptors: Cheating, Identification, Statistical Analysis, Testing
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Wang, Yan; Kim, Eunsook; Yi, Zhiyao – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Latent profile analysis (LPA) identifies heterogeneous subgroups based on continuous indicators that represent different dimensions. It is a common practice to measure each dimension using items, create composite or factor scores for each dimension, and use these scores as indicators of profiles in LPA. In this case, measurement models for…
Descriptors: Robustness (Statistics), Profiles, Statistical Analysis, Classification
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Sinharay, Sandip – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Administrative problems such as computer malfunction and power outage occasionally lead to missing item scores and hence to incomplete data on mastery tests such as the AP and U.S. Medical Licensing examinations. Investigators are often interested in estimating the probabilities of passing of the examinees with incomplete data on mastery tests.…
Descriptors: Mastery Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Probability, Test Wiseness
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Raykov, Tenko; Menold, Natalja; Leer, Jane – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Two- and three-level designs in educational and psychological research can involve entire populations of Level-3 and possibly Level-2 units, such as schools and educational districts nested within a given state, or neighborhoods and counties in a state. Such a design is of increasing relevance in empirical research owing to the growing popularity…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Research Design
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Xue, Kang; Huggins-Manley, Anne Corinne; Leite, Walter – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
In data collected from virtual learning environments (VLEs), item response theory (IRT) models can be used to guide the ongoing measurement of student ability. However, such applications of IRT rely on unbiased item parameter estimates associated with test items in the VLE. Without formal piloting of the items, one can expect a large amount of…
Descriptors: Virtual Classrooms, Artificial Intelligence, Item Response Theory, Item Analysis
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Kroc, Edward; Olvera Astivia, Oscar L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Setting cutoff scores is one of the most common practices when using scales to aid in classification purposes. This process is usually done univariately where each optimal cutoff value is decided sequentially, subscale by subscale. While it is widely known that this process necessarily reduces the probability of "passing" such a test,…
Descriptors: Multivariate Analysis, Cutting Scores, Classification, Measurement
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Liu, Ren; Liu, Haiyan; Shi, Dexin; Jiang, Zhehan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Assessments with a large amount of small, similar, or often repetitive tasks are being used in educational, neurocognitive, and psychological contexts. For example, respondents are asked to recognize numbers or letters from a large pool of those and the number of correct answers is a count variable. In 1960, George Rasch developed the Rasch…
Descriptors: Classification, Models, Statistical Distributions, Scores
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van Dijk, Wilhelmina; Schatschneider, Christopher; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Hart, Sara A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Complex research questions often need large samples to obtain accurate estimates of parameters and adequate power. Combining extant data sets into a large, pooled data set is one way this can be accomplished without expending resources. Measurement invariance (MI) modeling is an established approach to ensure participant scores are on the same…
Descriptors: Sample Size, Data Analysis, Goodness of Fit, Measurement
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Calatrava, Maria; de Irala, Jokin; Osorio, Alfonso; Benítez, Edgar; Lopez-del Burgo, Cristina – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2022
Anonymous questionnaires are frequently used in research with adolescents in order to obtain sincere answers about sensitive topics. Most longitudinal studies include self-generated identification codes (SGICs) to match information. Typical elements include a combination of letters and digits from personal data. However, these data may make the…
Descriptors: Privacy, Questionnaires, Coding, Adolescents
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