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Schmidgall, Jonathan – Educational Testing Service, 2021
The redesigned "TOEIC Bridge"® tests are designed to measure the reading, listening, speaking, and writing proficiency of beginning to low-intermediate English learners in the context of everyday adult life. This report describes the comprehensive and multifaceted process used to enhance the meaningfulness of TOEIC Bridge test score…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency
Olivera-Aguilar, Margarita; Roohr, Katrina C.; Robbins, Steven B.; McCulla, Laura; Bochenek, Jennifer L. – Educational Testing Service, 2021
Career and technical education (CTE) -- also known as vocational or technical education -- offers students and young adults a clear, practical route from school to the workforce. It is short and affordable; has low barriers to entry; and directly applies to employers' needs -- often leading to good, in-demand jobs (Carnevale, Jayasundera &…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Young Adults, Career Choice, Health Sciences
Papageorgiou, Spiros; Davis, Larry; Norris, John M.; Garcia Gomez, Pablo; Manna, Venessa F.; Monfils, Lora – Educational Testing Service, 2021
The "TOEFL® Essentials"™ test is a new English language proficiency test in the "TOEFL"® family of assessments. It measures foundational language skills and communication abilities in academic and general (daily life) contexts. The test covers the four language skills of reading, listening, writing, and speaking and is intended…
Descriptors: Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency
Howell, Heather; Lai, Yvonne; Nabors Oláh, Leslie; DeLucia, Maria; Kim, Eun Mi – Educational Testing Service, 2021
There is a broad consensus that beginning teachers of mathematics need a strong foundation in mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT), defined as the mathematical knowledge required to recognize, understand, and respond to the mathematical work of teaching in which one must engage. One recurrent challenge in teacher education is how to provide…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Preservice Teachers, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Logical Thinking
Weeks, Jonathan; Baron, Patricia – Educational Testing Service, 2021
The current project, Exploring Math Education Relations by Analyzing Large Data Sets (EMERALDS) II, is an attempt to identify specific Common Core State Standards procedural, conceptual, and problem-solving competencies in earlier grades that best predict success in algebraic areas in later grades. The data for this study include two cohorts of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Common Core State Standards, Problem Solving, Mathematics Tests
Nabors Oláh, Leslie; Howell, Heather; Lai, Yvonne; DeLucia, Maria; Kim, Eun Mi – Educational Testing Service, 2020
There is a broad consensus that beginning teachers of mathematics need a strong foundation in mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT), defined as the mathematical knowledge required to recognize, understand, and respond to the mathematical work of teaching one must engage in. One recurrent challenge in teacher education is how to provide support…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Preservice Teacher Education, Case Method (Teaching Technique), Mathematical Formulas
Livingston, Samuel A. – Educational Testing Service, 2020
This booklet is a conceptual introduction to item response theory (IRT), which many large-scale testing programs use for constructing and scoring their tests. Although IRT is essentially mathematical, the approach here is nonmathematical, in order to serve as an introduction on the topic for people who want to understand why IRT is used and what…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Scoring, Test Items, Scaling
Papageorgiou, Spiros; Xu, Xiaoqiu; Timpe-Laughlin, Veronika; Dugdale, Deborah M. – Educational Testing Service, 2020
The purpose of this study is to examine the appropriateness of using the "TOEFL Primary®" tests to evaluate the language abilities of students learning English as a foreign language (EFL) through an online-delivered curriculum, the VIPKid Major Course (MC). Data include student test scores on the TOEFL Primary Listening and Reading tests…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
Buzick, Heather M.; Stone, Elizabeth A.; Jackson, G. Tanner – Educational Testing Service, 2020
Ethics education can provide an opportunity to educators to learn how to fulfill their professional responsibilities with regard to ethics, including making decisions that protect students' welfare. The "ProEthica"® program is a professional development program for teachers and administrators. The basic intended intermediate outcomes of…
Descriptors: Ethical Instruction, Ethics, Teaching Methods, Decision Making
Lee, Shinhye; Schmidgall, Jonathan – Educational Testing Service, 2020
In this paper, we discuss the multi-faced role of English writing in the international workplace. Drawing upon previous research, we point out that English, as the main lingua franca, supports a variety of writing practices in the workplace, and so it presents both significant value and challenges for internationally operating individuals and…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Communication Skills, Business Communication, Business English
Nabors Oláh, Leslie; Howell, Heather; Lai, Yvonne; DeLucia, Maria; Kim, Eun Mi – Educational Testing Service, 2020
There is a broad consensus that beginning teachers of mathematics need a strong foundation in mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT), defined as the mathematical knowledge required to recognize, understand, and respond to the mathematical work of teaching one must engage in. One recurrent challenge in teacher education is how to provide support…
Descriptors: Fractions, Comparative Analysis, Mathematics Instruction, Validity
Seibel, David – Educational Testing Service, 2020
In the United States, African-American students often face challenges that arise from structural stigma, which can inhibit their ability to learn and grow in the classroom and in their daily lives. Structural stigma, along with centuries of racist attitudes and policies, can impede student progress and is a challenge for policymakers, business…
Descriptors: African American Students, Racial Bias, Barriers, Ethnic Stereotypes
Kell, Harrison J.; Roohr, Katrina C.; Fishtein, Daniel – Educational Testing Service, 2020
This research brief is the first in Research & Development's "Career and Technical Education Series." It uses longitudinal data to document how women, racial and ethnic groups, individuals with disabilities, and those from economically disadvantaged families are represented across the different Career and Technical Education (CTE)…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Occupational Clusters, Longitudinal Studies, Females
Sykes, Gary; Bell, Courtney; Shukla, Bhavya – Educational Testing Service, 2019
There is a missing link regarding the connection of students to teachers. From a learning perspective, that critical link is the quality of instruction that students receive. It matters who teachers are, but it matters even more what they do in their interactions with students and the subjects that students are learning. The pursuit of educational…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Quality, Equal Education, Educational Indicators
Kenyon, Susan – Educational Testing Service, 2019
This issue of ETS Policy Notes provides highlights from the second in a planned series of conferences jointly convened by the National Urban League (NUL) and Educational Testing Service (ETS) to foster collaboration among, and further the mission of, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). On October 24-25, 2018, 65 presidents and…
Descriptors: Black Colleges, Conferences (Gatherings), Educational Finance, Financial Support
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