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ERIC Number: EJ1190139
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Oct
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1042-1629
Everyone Already Has Their Community beyond the Screen: Reconceptualizing Online Learning and Expanding Boundaries
Lee, Kyungmee
Educational Technology Research and Development, v66 n5 p1255-1268 Oct 2018
A constructivist learning paradigm emphasises authenticity as a required condition for learning. However, the design of an online learning environment is ultimately separate from learners' real-life environments, it is inevitably challenging to make online learning authentic. In this article, the author aims to propose an alternative way of conceptualizing online learning and its boundaries, based on a double-layered Community of Practice model as a means to facilitate authentically constructivist online learning. The model conceptualizes online learning as interlinked processes of participation and socialization in multiple communities across online- and offline-"layers" of learners' lives. The model guides online course designers in expanding the perceived boundaries of the course environments they design to include learners' offline learning contexts. Instead of having an exclusive focus on providing learners with constructivist learning opportunities within a non-authentic course environment, the model suggests helping learners to engage in more personalized social learning activities situated in their everyday lives. The paper presents data from a series of case studies drawn from the author's work that has examined students' learning experiences in different kinds of online courses, unpacking and answering the central question of what authentically constructivist online learning looks like in each case. With a more holistic conceptualization of online learning, which recognizes and supports online learners' simultaneous presence across internal and external communities, instructional designers may be able to facilitate learners' more authentically constructivist learning experiences.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A