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Tawfik, Andrew A.; Rong, Hui; Choi, Ikseon – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2015
To date, many instructional systems are designed to support learners as they progress through a problem-solving task. Often these systems are designed in accordance with instructional design models that progress the learner efficiently through the problem-solving process. However, theories from various fields have discussed failure as a strategic…
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Educational Practices, Problem Solving, Instructional Design
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Dwyer, Christopher P.; Hogan, Michael J.; Harney, Owen M.; O'Reilly, John – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2014
Critical thinking (CT) is a metacognitive process, consisting of a number of sub-skills and dispositions, that, when used appropriately, increases the chances of producing a logical solution to a problem or a valid conclusion to an argument. CT has been identified as a fundamental learning objective of third-level education; however, students…
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Case Studies, Metacognition, Thinking Skills
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Hung, Woei – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2013
Today, much problem solving is performed by teams, rather than individuals. The complexity of these problems has exceeded the cognitive capacity of any individual and requires a team of members to solve them. The success of solving these complex problems not only relies on individual team members who possess different but complementary expertise,…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Expertise, Teamwork, Evaluation Methods
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Gogus, Aytac – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2013
Cognitive scientists investigate mental models (how humans organize and structure knowledge in their minds) so as to understand human understanding of and interactions with the world. Cognitive and mental model research is concerned with internal conceptual systems that are not easily or directly observable. The goal of this research was to…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Computer Software Evaluation, College Students, Comparative Analysis
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Clinton, Gregory; Hokanson, Brad – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2012
This article presents a discussion of research and theoretical perspectives on creativity and instructional design, offering a conceptual model of the connection between these two constructs that was originally proposed in the dissertation work of the first author (Clinton, Creativity and design: A study of the learning experience of instructional…
Descriptors: Creativity, Instructional Design, Creative Thinking, Models
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Hong, Yi-Chun; Choi, Ikseon – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2011
Design tasks are omnipresent in our everyday lives. Previous research shows that reflective thinking is one of the critical factors in solving design problems. Related research has attempted to capture designers' reflective thinking process. Yet a close inspection of designers' reflective thinking taking place during their design process demands…
Descriptors: Reflection, Models, Problem Solving, Novices
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van Gog, Tamara; Ericsson, K. Anders; Rikers, Remy M. J. P.; Paas, Fred – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2005
Cognitive load theory (CLT) has been successful in identifying instructional formats that are more effective and efficient than conventional problem solving in the initial, novice phase of skill acquisition. However, recent findings regarding the "expertise reversal effect" have begun to stimulate cognitive load theorists to broaden their horizon…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Advanced Students, Epistemology, Problem Solving
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Merrill, M. David – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2002
Examines instructional design theories and elaborates principles about when learning is promoted, i.e., when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems, when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, and when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, applied by the learner, and integrated into the learner's…
Descriptors: Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Design, Learning Processes
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Jonassen, David H.; Hernandez-Serrano, Julian – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2002
Discusses the increased emphasis on problem solving and problem-based learning in instructional design and the need for new methods for task analysis and models for designing instruction. Defines the rationale and means for analyzing, organizing, and presenting stories to support problem solving by case-based reasoning. (Author/LRW)
Descriptors: Case Method (Teaching Technique), Instructional Design, Models, Problem Based Learning
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Tennyson, Robert D. – Educational Technology Research and Development, 1994
Compares seven positions on media influences on learning that were presented in a previous journal issue; discusses the conflict between advocates of a given approach versus integrated approaches to the solving of complex problems; and presents a model that links cognitive processes to computer-based prescriptions for improvements in learning. (35…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Media, Integrated Activities
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Jonassen, David H. – Educational Technology Research and Development, 1997
Considers well-structured problems versus ill-structured problems and presents models for how learners solve them, as well as models for designing instruction to support problem-solving skill development. Information processing theories of learning, an emerging theory of ill-structured problem solving, constructivist learning, and situated…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Models
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Armstrong, Anne-Marie – Educational Technology Research and Development, 1989
Discusses self-regulation, learning to learn, and adaptive problem solving, and describes study of third, fifth, and eighth graders. The study investigated whether providing a model of self-regulating skills via teaching a computer to solve problems would increase the number tasks completed, and decrease the error and trial rate. (11 references)…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Elementary Education, Error Patterns, Grade 3
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Johnson, William B.; Norton, Jeffrey E. – Educational Technology, Research and Development, 1992
Review of research and development on the design of computer-based simulation for diagnostic training highlights the development and evaluation of eight diagnostic training systems that explored the appropriate level of student modeling needed for technology training. Topics addressed include changes in interface design, displays, and system…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Simulation, Computer System Design, Evaluation Methods
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Educational Technology, Research and Development, 1992
Discusses the Jasper Woodbury Problem Solving Series, a video-based instructional macrocontext for complex mathematics problem generation and solving. A theoretical framework of assumptions about goals, learning, instruction, and learning materials is provided. Design features and typical teaching activities are described. Three teaching models…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Materials, Interactive Video, Mathematics Instruction