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Dwyer, Christopher P.; Hogan, Michael J.; Harney, Owen M.; Kavanagh, Caroline – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2017
Critical thinking (CT) is a metacognitive process, consisting of a number of sub-skills and dispositions that, when used appropriately, increases the chances of producing a logical conclusion to an argument or solution to a problem. Though the CT literature argues that dispositions are as important to CT as is the ability to perform CT skills, the…
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Metacognition, Interaction, Personality Traits
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Ilie, Marian D. – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2014
Gagné's instructional events are more focused on the human internal learning process than on the learning context. This study fills this gap because it presents certain instructional events that are focused on the construction of a positive learning context through the teacher-student relationship. Therefore, it's proposing an adaption of Gagné's…
Descriptors: Models, Correlation, Student Attitudes, Learning Processes
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Hung, Woei – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2011
The success of an intervention depends not only upon its theoretical soundness, but also on proper implementation that reflects the guidelines derived from its theoretical conception. Debates surrounding the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) have focused on its theoretical conception and students' learning outcomes, but implementation…
Descriptors: Evidence, Problem Based Learning, Learning Processes, Teaching Methods
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Capelo, Carlos; Dias, Joao Ferreira – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2009
This study aims to be a contribution to a theoretical model that explains the effectiveness of the learning and decision-making processes by means of a feedback and mental models perspective. With appropriate mental models, managers should be able to improve their capacity to deal with dynamically complex contexts, in order to achieve long-term…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Models, Decision Making, Learning Processes
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Schlomske, Nadine; Pirnay-Dummer, Pablo – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2009
The following empirical study examines the acquisition of expertise. The model structures in the domain of empirical methodologies were examined in a time period of two semesters. At each measurement point (N = 5), the model structures of the reference groups were compared with those of the group of learners. The group of learners consisted of (N…
Descriptors: Reference Groups, Research Methodology, Expertise, Models
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Kim, Yanghee; Baylor, Amy L. – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2006
Teaching and learning are highly social activities. Seminal psychologists such as Vygotsky, Piaget, and Bandura have theorized that social interaction is a key mechanism in the process of learning and development. In particular, the benefits of peer interaction for learning and motivation in classrooms have been broadly demonstrated through…
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Learning Processes
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Merrill, M. David – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2002
Examines instructional design theories and elaborates principles about when learning is promoted, i.e., when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems, when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, and when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, applied by the learner, and integrated into the learner's…
Descriptors: Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Design, Learning Processes
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Tennyson, Robert D. – Educational Technology Research and Development, 1994
Compares seven positions on media influences on learning that were presented in a previous journal issue; discusses the conflict between advocates of a given approach versus integrated approaches to the solving of complex problems; and presents a model that links cognitive processes to computer-based prescriptions for improvements in learning. (35…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Media, Integrated Activities
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Jonassen, David H. – Educational Technology Research and Development, 1997
Considers well-structured problems versus ill-structured problems and presents models for how learners solve them, as well as models for designing instruction to support problem-solving skill development. Information processing theories of learning, an emerging theory of ill-structured problem solving, constructivist learning, and situated…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Models
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Mory, Edna H. – Educational Technology, Research and Development, 1992
Reviews past research that examined which variables might affect learning from feedback and identifies areas that need further research. Topics discussed include feedback as reinforcement; modeling of the feedback cycle; response certitude; feedback elaboration; error analyses; and feedback and higher-level tasks. (65 references) (LRW)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Feedback, Learning Processes, Literature Reviews
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Kulhavy, Raymond W.; And Others – Educational Technology, Research and Development, 1993
Reviews research on how geographic maps influence the recall of associated text and describes a theoretical model of map-text learning based on dual-coding theory and working memory operations. Instructional implications are explained, and recommendations for instructional applications are given. (Contains 84 references.) (LRW)
Descriptors: Coding, Geography, Instructional Design, Learning Processes
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Armstrong, Anne-Marie – Educational Technology Research and Development, 1989
Discusses self-regulation, learning to learn, and adaptive problem solving, and describes study of third, fifth, and eighth graders. The study investigated whether providing a model of self-regulating skills via teaching a computer to solve problems would increase the number tasks completed, and decrease the error and trial rate. (11 references)…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Elementary Education, Error Patterns, Grade 3
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Hannafin, Michael J.; Rieber, Lloyd P. – Educational Technology Research and Development, 1989
These two articles discuss the contributions of behavioral and cognitive psychology to the design of computer-based instruction (CBI) and describe an integrated meta-model for use with instructional systems design (ISD) called ROPES + (Retrieving, Orienting, Presenting, Encoding, and Sequencing). Highlights include motivation, information…
Descriptors: Cognitive Psychology, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer System Design, Instructional Design