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Tawfik, Andrew A.; Rong, Hui; Choi, Ikseon – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2015
To date, many instructional systems are designed to support learners as they progress through a problem-solving task. Often these systems are designed in accordance with instructional design models that progress the learner efficiently through the problem-solving process. However, theories from various fields have discussed failure as a strategic…
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Educational Practices, Problem Solving, Instructional Design
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Dwyer, Christopher P.; Hogan, Michael J.; Harney, Owen M.; O'Reilly, John – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2014
Critical thinking (CT) is a metacognitive process, consisting of a number of sub-skills and dispositions, that, when used appropriately, increases the chances of producing a logical solution to a problem or a valid conclusion to an argument. CT has been identified as a fundamental learning objective of third-level education; however, students…
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Case Studies, Metacognition, Thinking Skills
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Hung, Woei – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2013
Today, much problem solving is performed by teams, rather than individuals. The complexity of these problems has exceeded the cognitive capacity of any individual and requires a team of members to solve them. The success of solving these complex problems not only relies on individual team members who possess different but complementary expertise,…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Expertise, Teamwork, Evaluation Methods
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Gogus, Aytac – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2013
Cognitive scientists investigate mental models (how humans organize and structure knowledge in their minds) so as to understand human understanding of and interactions with the world. Cognitive and mental model research is concerned with internal conceptual systems that are not easily or directly observable. The goal of this research was to…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Computer Software Evaluation, College Students, Comparative Analysis
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Clinton, Gregory; Hokanson, Brad – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2012
This article presents a discussion of research and theoretical perspectives on creativity and instructional design, offering a conceptual model of the connection between these two constructs that was originally proposed in the dissertation work of the first author (Clinton, Creativity and design: A study of the learning experience of instructional…
Descriptors: Creativity, Instructional Design, Creative Thinking, Models
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Hong, Yi-Chun; Choi, Ikseon – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2011
Design tasks are omnipresent in our everyday lives. Previous research shows that reflective thinking is one of the critical factors in solving design problems. Related research has attempted to capture designers' reflective thinking process. Yet a close inspection of designers' reflective thinking taking place during their design process demands…
Descriptors: Reflection, Models, Problem Solving, Novices
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van Gog, Tamara; Ericsson, K. Anders; Rikers, Remy M. J. P.; Paas, Fred – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2005
Cognitive load theory (CLT) has been successful in identifying instructional formats that are more effective and efficient than conventional problem solving in the initial, novice phase of skill acquisition. However, recent findings regarding the "expertise reversal effect" have begun to stimulate cognitive load theorists to broaden their horizon…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Advanced Students, Epistemology, Problem Solving
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Merrill, M. David – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2002
Examines instructional design theories and elaborates principles about when learning is promoted, i.e., when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems, when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, and when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, applied by the learner, and integrated into the learner's…
Descriptors: Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Design, Learning Processes
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Jonassen, David H.; Hernandez-Serrano, Julian – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2002
Discusses the increased emphasis on problem solving and problem-based learning in instructional design and the need for new methods for task analysis and models for designing instruction. Defines the rationale and means for analyzing, organizing, and presenting stories to support problem solving by case-based reasoning. (Author/LRW)
Descriptors: Case Method (Teaching Technique), Instructional Design, Models, Problem Based Learning