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Akabayashi, Hideo; Nakamura, Ryosuke; Naoi, Michio; Shikishima, Chizuru – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2016
In the past decades, income inequality has risen in most developed countries. There is growing interest among economists in international comparisons of economic and educational mobility. This is aided by the availability of internationally comparable, large-scale data. The present paper aims to make three contributions. First, we introduce the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Social Mobility, Economic Status
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2015
Sociologists in education have pointed out disparities associated with socioeconomic status (SES) in the Japanese compulsory education system that was once regarded as egalitarian. In addition to disparities between individual students, prior studies have empirically shown SES-based disparities among schools on important indicators such as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, Institutional Characteristics, Teaching Conditions
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Nakazawa, Wataru – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2015
This paper examines people's attitudes toward public spending on education in Japan. It is well known that Japan has the smallest public education expenditure relative to GDP among the OECD countries, and this may yield unequal opportunities in education. The tax burden in Japan is small compared to those in OECD countries, and there may be no…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Attitudes, Educational Finance, Expenditures
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Arimoto, Akira – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
In the 21st century, when the universalization of higher education demands diversified students to be more involved in study and rather than in learning, the ideal of scholarship is expected to transform toward both teaching orientation and study orientation, with a focus on the teaching and study process in the classrooms with a result of being a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Change, College Faculty
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Yonezawa, Akiyoshi – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
The dominant role of Kyoju-kai (the professoriate) in university governance in Japan is now facing a critical examination as part of university reforms in response to global competition. What are the determinants of the characteristics of participation in university governance by individual faculty members? In what way does the organizational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Higher Education, Governance
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Hou, Liming – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2014
The primary goal of this paper is to examine what makes Chinese college students dissatisfied with entrance opportunities for higher education. Based on the author's survey data, we test two parameters which could be a potential cause of this dissatisfaction: 1) distributive inequality, which emphasizes the individual's dissatisfaction caused by…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Higher Education, Disadvantaged, Foreign Countries
Amaki, Yuki – Educational Studies in Japan: International Yearbook, 2008
Public school students in Japan must take English as a required subject for three years in junior high school and for three more years in senior high school. In spite of the amount of classroom time invested, and in spite of the available learning support services, the foreign Assistant Language Teacher (ALT) system included, the English…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Speech Communication, Social Integration, Foreign Countries