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Cheung, Ka Luen; Yang, Der-Ching – Educational Studies, 2020
This study examined the performance of sixth graders in Hong Kong on a number sense three-tier test (NSTTT) and identified their possible misconceptions about number sense. The NSTTT comprises a content tier, which assesses the content knowledge of number sense; a reason tier, which assesses the reasons for the first-tier responses; and a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 6, Elementary School Mathematics
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Cascella, Clelia – Educational Studies, 2020
I explored the effect of socio-economic status (SES) on mathematics achievement by gender at grades 5 in 2012 and 10 in 2017. Secondary Italian data (30,868 pupils in primary and 38,091 in secondary school) were analysed via the Rasch model to estimate students' ability in mathematics and then via a three-level regression (students nested into…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Gender Differences, Mathematics Achievement, Grade 5
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Kopparla, Mahati; Bicer, Ali; Vela, Katherine; Lee, Yujin; Bevan, Danielle; Kwon, Hyunkyung; Caldwell, Cassidy; Capraro, Mary M.; Capraro, Robert M. – Educational Studies, 2019
Problem posing is the act of creating one's own problems, unlike the traditional practice of solving problems posed by others. Problem posing is not a commonly taught topic. Though some students have difficulties acquiring problem-posing skills, the positive effects are far reaching. A quasi-experimental research design was used to determine the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Intervention, Problem Solving, Elementary School Mathematics
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Chen, Wei-Ru; Chen, Li-Ming – Educational Studies, 2019
The current scales for self-blame are not suitable for school bullying scenarios and most lack validity. This study used a self-developed scale to measure bullied victims' tendency to self-blame and further examined whether victims and bully/victims exhibited different tendencies toward self-blame under both bullied and generalized scenarios. The…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools
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Schwab, Susanne – Educational Studies, 2019
Previous research has shown that students with special educational needs (SEN) have fewer friendships than their peers without SEN. In this longitudinal study, 545 students from primary and secondary schools, including 106 students with SEN, were surveyed at the beginning and the end of the school year. The results show that students with SEN…
Descriptors: Friendship, Peer Relationship, Disabilities, Special Needs Students
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Human-Vogel, Salomé; Morkel, Jorina – Educational Studies, 2017
In the present study, we examine the personal belief in a just world (PBJW) for teachers and learners in predominantly Afrikaans-speaking South African schools, and the relationship between teachers' PBJW and their perception of problem behaviour in the classroom. The study is informed by national debates of school violence in South African…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Beliefs, Grade 4
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Li, Hui-Chuan; Tsai, Tsung-Lung – Educational Studies, 2017
Research on problem-based learning (PBL) has tended to focus on the graduate level of education, paying less attention to the primary school level and to what is involved for students during the implementation of PBL. In this paper we take a step towards addressing this need for research by reporting findings from a descriptive, explanatory case…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students
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Kaya, Fatih; Stough, Laura M.; Juntune, Joyce – Educational Studies, 2016
A nonexperimental design was used to determine whether the verbal scores of low-income gifted fifth graders (n = 38) differed from those of their higher income peers (n = 83). The Otis-Lennon School Ability Test, Eighth Edition and the Stanford Achievement Test-Tenth Edition were used to collect student data. Results of a MANOVA showed a…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Scores, Low Income Groups, Poverty
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Gubbins, Verónica; Otero, Gabriel – Educational Studies, 2016
The present study intends to measure the effect of the parental involvement style perceived by fourth-grade students on their Language and Mathematics performance. It uses data taken from a sample of 55,401 students evaluated by the National Education Quality Measurement System [Sistema Nacional de Medición de la Calidad de la Educación, SIMCE].…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Parent Participation, Mathematics Achievement, Language Tests
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Kozina, Ana – Educational Studies, 2015
In this study, we analyse the predictive power of home and school environment-related factors for determining pupils' aggression. The multiple regression analyses are performed for fourth- and eighth-grade pupils based on the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2007 (N = 8394) and TIMSS 2011 (N = 9415) databases for Slovenia. At the…
Descriptors: Aggression, Elementary Schools, Predictive Validity, Educational Environment
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Rautiainen, Riitta; Räty, Hannu; Kasanen, Kati – Educational Studies, 2014
The mothers and fathers (n?=?43) of third- and sixth-grade children were asked to assess their child's academic potential in comparison with the child's earlier competence and with that of her/his peers. In the interpersonal domain, the mothers' and fathers' perceptions of their child's academic potential were related to each other, especially in…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Parent Attitudes, Academic Ability