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ERIC Number: EJ831163
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1303-0485
The Strategic Planning Attitude Scale: A Study of Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses
Baloglu, Nuri; Karadag, Engin; Karaman, Hasan
Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, v8 n2 p429-437 May 2008
The aim of this study was to develop a scale measuring attitudes toward strategic planning for primary and secondary school administrators. In the research, 498 school administrators (77 females, 421 males; 140 principles, 56 vice and 302 assistant administrators) consisted of the sampling group in three districts of Istanbul/Turkey according to the three different income levels. Study was completed at eight steps: (i) items were consisted, (ii) the study of content validation , (iii) the study of item-total point and item-remainder correlations, (iv) defining item-discrimination, (v) defining structure validation [(a) exploratory factor analysis, (b) confirmatory factor analysis (vi) defining Cronbach Alpha coefficient, (vii) correlations between sub-scales and (viii) the level of confidence was explained with the method of test retest. Item-total point and item-remainder correlations of the scale were found to be statistically significant. Item discrimination index was significant at the level of p less than 0.01 for all items and they were found significant for sub and top 27% group meanings. As a result of the exploratory factor analysis, it was observed that the scale had a five- factor structure. The subscales are named as (i) Organizational Development, (ii) Distrust, (iii) Productivity, (iv) Efficiency and (v) Resistance. Factor loadings of the sub-scales ranged from 0.41 to 0.87. Self value of scale was 20.33 and percent of variance explained was 58.11. Result of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the value of chi-square (X[superscript 2]) and level of statically meaningful were enough for model suggested. Cronbach alpha coefficients of subscales ranged from 0.72 to 0.94 and for the total scale, it was 0.82. The test-retest coefficients ranged from 0.70 to 0.87. Findings showed that the scale had high internal consistency and validity in measuring the attitudes of school administrators towards strategic planning.
Educational Consultancy, Ltd (EDAM). Kisikli Mh. Alemdag Cd. Yan Yol Sk., SBK Is Merkezi No:5 Kat:1, Uskudar-Istanbul, 34692 Turkey. Tel: +90-216-481-30-23; Fax: +90-216-481-31-36; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Primary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: Administrators
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey