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Joyce, Kathryn E. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
Within evidence-based education, results from randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and meta-analyses of them, are taken as reliable evidence for effectiveness -- they speak to "what works". Extending RCT results requires establishing that study samples and settings are representative of the intended target. Although widely recognised as…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Research, Instructional Effectiveness, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Cartwright, Nancy – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
Across the evidence-based policy and practice (EBPP) community, including education, randomised controlled trials (RCTS) rank as the most "rigorous" evidence for causal conclusions. This paper argues that that is misleading. Only narrow conclusions about study populations can be warranted with the kind of "rigour" that RCTs…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Policy, Randomized Controlled Trials, Error of Measurement
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Cowen, Nick – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
What role does scientific evidence play in educational practice? Supporters of evidence-based education (EBE) see it as a powerful way of improving the quality of public services which is readily applicable to the education sector. Academic scholarship, however, points out important limits to this applicability. I offer an account inspired by…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Practices, Politics of Education, Educational Research
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Wrigley, Terry; McCusker, Sean – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
This paper examines the insistent claims by advocates of evidence-based teaching that it is a rigorous scientific approach. The paper questions the view that randomised controlled trials and meta-analyses are the only truly scientific methods in educational research. It suggests these claims are often based on a rhetorical appeal which relies on…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Research, Research Methodology, Athletics
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Simpson, Adrian – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
Effect size is the basis of much evidence-based education policymaking. In particular, it is assumed to measure the educational effectiveness of interventions. Policy is being driven by the influential work of John Hattie, the Education Endowment Foundation, and others, which is grounded in this assumption. This article demonstrates the assumption…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Policy Formation
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Phillips, D. C. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
EBP -- evidence-based policy and practice -- has generated intense controversy. A rough continuum of positions can be discerned: At one pole are "tough-minded" commentators distinguished by their support of EBP; however, there are serious internal differences in this camp, for some regard randomised field trials (RFTs) as the gold…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Practices, Educational Theories, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Kvernbekk, Tone – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
This paper discusses, compares, and contrasts 4 different models for bringing evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) into practice and into practical reasoning. I look at what questions the models can and cannot answer, what role they accord to RCT evidence, and what their possible attraction for practitioners might be. The models are…
Descriptors: Role, Evidence Based Practice, Evidence, Models
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See, Beng Huat; Morris, Rebecca; Gorard, Stephen; Siddiqui, Nadia – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
This paper presents the findings of a 1-year efficacy trial of Maths Counts (MC), an intensive, individualised programme delivered by trained teaching assistants. The programme was delivered 3 times a week over 10 weeks. The sample included 291 Year 3 to Year 6 pupils (age 7 to 11) from 35 primary schools in England. Pupils were individually…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction, Teacher Aides, Teaching Methods
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Weiss, Sabine; Lerche, Thomas; Muckenthaler, Magdalena; Heimlich, Ulrich; Kiel, Ewald – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
One key function necessary to successfully teach a heterogeneous student population is to individually adapt instruction to students' needs and prerequisites. Using structural equation modelling, the present study investigated whether or to what extent different factors, teachers' personal characteristics, their joint professional activities, and…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Teacher Attitudes, Individual Characteristics, Teacher Collaboration
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Trinidad, Jose Eos – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
At a time when most students aspire for college but not all necessarily attain it, do educational expectations still matter? High self-expectations are said to influence future educational success, but studies have often focussed on expectations at a single point in time. Thus, this research asks how stable, unstable, and later expectations…
Descriptors: Expectation, Outcomes of Education, Self Concept, Educational Attainment
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Stöver, Britta – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2019
The policy measure G8 was supposed to bring German school leavers into university earlier. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of G8 on the transition from school into university using a difference-in-differences set-up within panel estimation with fixed effects. In comparison to a number of other studies in this paper, the complete…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Weinstein, Rhona S. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This special issue marks the 50th anniversary of the landmark Pygmalion experiment (Rosenthal & Jacobson, 1968). It offers contributions from across the globe, attesting to universal features of teacher expectancy effects. Reviews of this history underscore controversy, advances, and few intervention studies. Empirical studies emphasise…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Teacher Expectations of Students, Equal Education, Research Problems
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Hornstra, Lisette; Stroet, Kim; van Eijden, Eva; Goudsblom, Jeannette; Roskamp, Claire – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
Previous research has shown that teachers differentiate their behaviour based on their expectations of students. Self-determination theory (SDT) makes explicit how teacher behaviour relates to students' motivation and engagement, namely, via need-supportive teaching. In the present study, we combined both research traditions and examined…
Descriptors: Teacher Expectations of Students, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Teacher Attitudes
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Gentrup, Sarah; Rjosk, Camilla – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This study examined the role of teacher expectations in the emerging gender gaps in reading and mathematics in the first year of schooling. Therefore, we first investigated whether boys and girls differ in their vulnerability to teacher expectancy effects. Second, we analysed whether gender-specific effects of teacher expectations contribute to…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Gender Bias, Achievement Gap, Teacher Expectations of Students
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Pit-ten Cate, Ineke M.; Glock, Sabine – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
Male students with immigrant backgrounds are disproportionally referred for special educational support outside regular classrooms or schools, which may reflect differential teachers' expectations concerning the academic achievement of students based on sociodemographic characteristics. Although research has indicated differential teachers'…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Expectations of Students, Males, Immigrants
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