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Showing 46 to 60 of 378 results Save | Export
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Dumas, Denis – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
This review brings together the literature that pertains to the role of relational reasoning, or the ability to discern meaningful patterns within any stream of information, in the mental work of scientists, medical doctors, and engineers. Existing studies that measure four forms of relational reasoning--analogy, anomaly, antinomy, and…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Sciences, Medicine, Engineering
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Kendeou, Panayiota; Butterfuss, Reese; Van Boekel, Martin; O'Brien, Edward J. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Our goal in this theoretical contribution is to connect research on knowledge revision and relational reasoning. To achieve this goal, first, we review the "knowledge revision components framework" (KReC) that provides an account of knowledge revision processes, specifically as they unfold during reading of texts. Second, we review a…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Reading Comprehension, Guidelines, Futures (of Society)
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Howard, S. J.; Powell, T.; Vasseleu, E.; Johnstone, S.; Melhuish, E. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Given evidence that early executive functioning sets the stage for a broad range of subsequent outcomes, researchers have sought to identify ways to foster these cognitive capacities. The current series of studies sought to design, develop, and provide evidence for the efficacy of embedding cognitive activities in a commonplace activity--shared…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Executive Function, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups
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Richland, Lindsey E.; Begolli, Kreshnik Nasi; Simms, Nina; Frausel, Rebecca R.; Lyons, Emily A. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Mathematical discussions in which students compare alternative solutions to a problem can be powerful modes for students to engage and refine their misconceptions into conceptual understanding, as well as to develop understanding of the mathematics underlying common algorithms. At the same time, these discussions are challenging to lead…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Literature Reviews, Mathematical Logic
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Bevilacqua, Andy – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Recent upgrades to cognitive load theory suggest that evolutionary processes have shaped the way that working memory processes cultural and social information. According to evolutionarily educational psychologists, some forms of information are processed with lower working memory loads than other forms. The former are evolutionarily salient and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Gender Differences, Evolution
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DeLozier, Sarah J.; Rhodes, Matthew G. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Flipped classrooms refer to the practice of assigning lectures outside of class and devoting class time to a variety of learning activities. In this review, we discuss the range of approaches to the flipped classroom and focus on activities frequently used in these settings. Amongst these, we examine both out-of-class activities (e.g., video…
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Teaching Methods, Blended Learning, Tests
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Wang, Ming-Te; Degol, Jessica L. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Although the gender gap in math course-taking and performance has narrowed in recent decades, females continue to be underrepresented in math-intensive fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). Career pathways encompass the ability to pursue a career as well as the motivation to employ that ability. Individual differences…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, STEM Education, Females, Womens Education
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Danielson, Robert W.; Sinatra, Gale M. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
We propose that research on text-graphic processing could be strengthened by the inclusion of relational reasoning perspectives. We briefly outline four aspects of relational reasoning: "analogies," "anomalies," "antinomies", and "antitheses". Next, we illustrate how text-graphic researchers have been…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Logical Thinking, Research
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Phan, Huy P.; Ngu, Bing H. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
In social sciences, the use of stringent methodological approaches is gaining increasing emphasis. Researchers have recognized the limitations of cross-sectional, non-manipulative data in the study of causality. True experimental designs, in contrast, are preferred as they represent rigorous standards for achieving causal flows between variables.…
Descriptors: Experiments, Social Science Research, Sequential Approach, Research Design
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Rau, Martina A. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Visual representations play a critical role in enhancing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) learning. Educational psychology research shows that adding visual representations to text can enhance students' learning of content knowledge, compared to text-only. But should students learn with a single type of visual…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Literature Reviews, Competence, Visual Stimuli
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Hall, Colby; Roberts, Garrett J.; Cho, Eunsoo; McCulley, Lisa V.; Carroll, Megan; Vaughn, Sharon – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
This meta-analysis synthesizes the last two decades of experimental and quasi-experimental research on reading instruction across academic contexts (e.g., social studies, science, mathematics, English language arts) for English learners (ELs) in grades 4 through 8, to determine (a) the overall effectiveness of reading instruction for upper…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Meta Analysis, Second Language Learning, Experimental Groups
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Phan, Huy P.; Ngu, Bing H.; Yeung, Alexander S. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
We recently developed the "Framework of Achievement Bests" to explain the importance of effective functioning, personal growth, and enrichment of well-being experiences. This framework postulates a concept known as "optimal achievement best," which stipulates the idea that individuals may, in general, strive to achieve personal…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Instructional Design, Mathematics Instruction, Student Motivation
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Morris, David B.; Usher, Ellen L.; Chen, Jason A. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Teachers' efficacy beliefs are thought to influence not only their motivation and performance but also the achievement of their students. Scholars have therefore turned their attention toward the sources underlying these important teacher beliefs. This review seeks to evaluate the ways in which researchers have measured and conceptualized the…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Teacher Motivation, Academic Achievement, Teaching Methods
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Loibl, Katharina; Roll, Ido; Rummel, Nikol – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Recently, there has been a growing interest in learning approaches that combine two phases: an initial problem-solving phase followed by an instruction phase (PS-I). Two often cited examples of instructional approaches following the PS-I scheme include Productive Failure and Invention. Despite the growing interest in PS-I approaches, to the best…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Program Design, Program Effectiveness
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de Koning, Björn B.; Bos, Lisanne T.; Wassenburg, Stephanie I.; van der Schoot, Menno – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
This study investigated the effects of a mental simulation training targeted at improving children's reading comprehension. In a 4-week period, one group of third and fourth graders (n = 75) learned to draw upon their sensorimotor memories and experiences to mentally simulate text (experimental training group), whereas another group (n = 51)…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Reading Strategies, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness
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