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Amendum, Steven J.; Conradi, Kristin; Hiebert, Elfrieda – Educational Psychology Review, 2018
Prompted by the advent of new standards for increased text complexity in elementary classrooms in the USA, the current integrative review investigates the relationships between the level of text difficulty and elementary students' reading fluency and reading comprehension. After application of content and methodological criteria, a total of 26…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Difficulty Level, Reading Materials, Reading Fluency
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Chen, Ouhao; Castro-Alonso, Juan C.; Paas, Fred; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology Review, 2018
Depletion of limited working memory resources may occur following extensive mental effort resulting in decreased performance compared to conditions requiring less extensive mental effort. This "depletion effect" can be incorporated into cognitive load theory that is concerned with using the properties of human cognitive architecture,…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory, Elementary School Students