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Chen, Ouhao; Castro-Alonso, Juan C.; Paas, Fred; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology Review, 2018
Depletion of limited working memory resources may occur following extensive mental effort resulting in decreased performance compared to conditions requiring less extensive mental effort. This "depletion effect" can be incorporated into cognitive load theory that is concerned with using the properties of human cognitive architecture,…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory, Elementary School Students
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Agostinho, Shirley; Tindall-Ford, Sharon; Ginns, Paul; Howard, Steven J.; Leahy, Wayne; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology Review, 2015
Gesturally controlled information and communication technologies, such as tablet devices, are becoming increasingly popular tools for teaching and learning. Based on the theoretical frameworks of cognitive load and embodied cognition, this study investigated the impact of explicit instructions to trace out elements of tablet-based worked examples…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Educational Technology, Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction
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Ruiter, Margina; Loyens, Sofie; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology Review, 2015
It was investigated whether task-related body movements yield beneficial effects on children's learning of two-digit numbers and whether these learning effects are affected by mirror-based self-observation of those movements. Participants were 118 first-graders, who were randomly assigned to two movement conditions and two non-movement control…
Descriptors: Human Body, Motion, Teaching Methods, Numbers