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Tang, Michael; Ginns, Paul; Jacobson, Michael J. – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Cognitive load theory has incorporated evolutionary perspectives to consider how "biologically primary knowledge" (such as physical movement and pointing), acquired through evolutionary processes, might support the acquisition of "biologically secondary knowledge" (such as reading or writing), requiring explicit teaching.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Theories, Biology
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Agostinho, Shirley; Tindall-Ford, Sharon; Ginns, Paul; Howard, Steven J.; Leahy, Wayne; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology Review, 2015
Gesturally controlled information and communication technologies, such as tablet devices, are becoming increasingly popular tools for teaching and learning. Based on the theoretical frameworks of cognitive load and embodied cognition, this study investigated the impact of explicit instructions to trace out elements of tablet-based worked examples…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Educational Technology, Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction
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Ginns, Paul; Martin, Andrew J.; Marsh, Herbert W. – Educational Psychology Review, 2013
This article reviews research on the effects of conversational style on learning. Studies of conversational style have variously investigated "personalization" through changing instances of first-person address to second or third person, including sentences that directly address the learner; including more polite forms of address; and…
Descriptors: Language Styles, Meta Analysis, Models, Learning Processes