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Showing 1 to 15 of 67 results Save | Export
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Alexandra List; Gala S. Campos Oaxaca; Hongcui Du; Hye Yeon Lee; Bailing Lyu – Educational Psychologist, 2024
We examine the role of culture in comprehension. Prominent theories of comprehension conceptualized the outcome of reading as learners' construction of a cognitive representation of texts. We emphasize that such representation reflects not only texts' content, but also individuals' understandings of the real world, as described in texts. We…
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Thinking Skills, Reading Comprehension, Reading Materials
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Kuhn, Deanna – Educational Psychologist, 2022
The construct of metacognition appears in an ever increasing number and range of contexts in educational, developmental, and cognitive psychology. Can it retain its status as a useful construct in the face of such diverse application? Or is it merely an umbrella term for diverse mental phenomena that are loosely if at all connected? Here I argue…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Learning Processes, Cognitive Psychology, Role
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Gros, Hippolyte; Thibaut, Jean-Pierre; Sander, Emmanuel – Educational Psychologist, 2020
Arithmetic problem solving is a crucial part of mathematics education. However, existing problem solving theories do not fully account for the semantic constraints partaking in the encoding and recoding of arithmetic word problems. In this respect, the limitations of the main existing models in the literature are discussed. We then introduce the…
Descriptors: Semantics, Arithmetic, Models, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Anmarkrud, Øistein; Andresen, Anette; Bråten, Ivar – Educational Psychologist, 2019
This article reviews contemporary research on multimedia learning that uses cognitive load theory as the major theoretical framework. In particular, we address the extent to which working memory has been conceptualized and measured in this research, what kind of subjective measures of cognitive load have been used and whether such measures are…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Multimedia Instruction, Short Term Memory
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List, Alexandra; Alexander, Patricia A. – Educational Psychologist, 2019
We introduce the Integrated Framework of Multiple Texts to understand how students use and form connections between multiple texts to accomplish personal or task goals. The Integrated Framework of Multiple Texts conceptualizes students' multiple text use as unfolding over the course of three stages--preparation, execution, and production. In the…
Descriptors: Assignments, Planning, Production Techniques, Prior Learning
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Wong, Sarah Shi Hui; Lim, Stephen Wee Hun – Educational Psychologist, 2019
Errors are often perceived as undesirable events to be avoided at all costs. However, a growing body of research suggests that making errors is, in fact, beneficial for learning. Building on human resource development literature, the present review proposes a 3P framework of approaches to errors during learning: prevention (avoiding or observing…
Descriptors: Error Patterns, Prevention, Teaching Methods, Student Characteristics
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Hacker, Douglas J. – Educational Psychologist, 2018
In this article, writing is reconceptualized as primarily a metacognitive process that can be modeled using contemporary metacognitive theory. This reconceptualization of writing was described in an earlier publication, but in the current article the author provides an update on this metacognitive model of writing with 3 purposes in mind. First,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Writing (Composition), Models, Skill Development
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Galbraith, David; Baaijen, Veerle M. – Educational Psychologist, 2018
This article proposes that two processes are involved in the generation of content during writing: (a) an active, knowledge-constituting process in which content is synthesized by constraints within semantic memory representing the implicit structure of the writer's understanding, and (b) a reflective, knowledge-transforming process in which…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Cognitive Processes, Reflection, Concept Formation
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List, Alexandra; Alexander, Patricia A. – Educational Psychologist, 2017
This article introduces the cognitive affective engagement model (CAEM) of multiple source use. The CAEM is presented as a way of unifying cognitive and behaviorally focused models of multiple text engagement with research on the role of affective factors (e.g., interest) in text processing. The CAEM proposes that students' engagement with…
Descriptors: Models, Cognitive Processes, Affective Behavior, Reading Interests
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Rouet, Jean-François; Britt, M. Anne; Durik, Amanda M. – Educational Psychologist, 2017
We introduce RESOLV, a theoretical model to account for readers' construction and management of goals during text comprehension and use. RESOLV focuses on readers' experience of their physical, social, and communicative context prior to actually engaging with texts. RESOLV assumes that readers construct two types of mental models prior to reading:…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Reading Skills, Models, Reading Comprehension
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Strømsø, Helge I. – Educational Psychologist, 2017
Research on multiple source use concerns how readers handle a number of different, often conflicting or discrepant, information sources to construct a mental representation of content. Students are increasingly being exposed to such complex reading situations, both in and outside of school. The digital world demands multiple source use, and…
Descriptors: Models, Reading Comprehension, Information Sources, Cognitive Processes
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Richter, Tobias; Maier, Johanna – Educational Psychologist, 2017
In this article, we examine the cognitive processes that are involved when readers comprehend conflicting information in multiple texts. Starting from the notion of routine validation during comprehension, we argue that readers' prior beliefs may lead to a biased processing of conflicting information and a one-sided mental model of controversial…
Descriptors: Models, Cognitive Processes, Beliefs, Reading Comprehension
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Braasch, Jason L. G.; Bråten, Ivar – Educational Psychologist, 2017
Despite the importance of source attention and evaluation for learning from texts, little is known about the particular conditions that encourage sourcing during reading. In this article, basic assumptions of the discrepancy-induced source comprehension (D-ISC) model are presented, which describes the moment-by-moment cognitive processes that…
Descriptors: Reading Processes, Cognitive Processes, Models, Text Structure
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Fives, Helenrose; Barnes, Nicole; Buehl, Michelle M.; Mascadri, Julia; Ziegler, Nathan – Educational Psychologist, 2017
Epistemic cognition represents aspects of teachers' thinking focused on issues related to knowledge, which may have particular relevance for classroom assessment practices given that teachers must discern what their students know and then use this information to inform instruction. We present a model of epistemic cognition in teaching with a focus…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Epistemology, Cognitive Processes, Thinking Skills
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Feucht, Florian C.; Lunn Brownlee, Jo; Schraw, Gregory – Educational Psychologist, 2017
Building on reflective practices and action taking as cornerstones of teacher education and professional development, we argue that epistemic reflexivity becomes a powerful tool for teachers to facilitate meaningful and sustainable change in their classroom teaching. In this introductory article, we provide an overview of epistemic reflexivity…
Descriptors: Reflective Teaching, Epistemology, Cognitive Processes, Teacher Education
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