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Gray, DeLeon L.; Hope, Elan C.; Matthews, Jamaal S. – Educational Psychologist, 2018
This article is guided by two goals: (a) to consider how race-based perspectives can serve as theoretical tools for investigating Black adolescents' opportunities to belong at school, and (b) to describe cultural and political aspects of schooling that can support a sense of belongingness among Black adolescents. We discuss support for the…
Descriptors: African American Students, Racial Factors, Adolescents, Student School Relationship
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Graham, Sandra – Educational Psychologist, 2018
In this article, I describe a program of research on the psychosocial benefits of racial/ethnic diversity in urban middle schools. It is hypothesized that greater diversity can benefit students' mental health, intergroup attitudes, and school adaptation via three mediating mechanisms: (a) the formation and maintenance of cross-ethnic friendships,…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Racial Identification, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Urdan, Tim; Bruchmann, Kathryn – Educational Psychologist, 2018
In this article, we review research that has examined the association between race, ethnicity, culture, and student motivation. We begin by describing potential problems regarding how race, ethnicity, and culture are defined in research. Next, we review some of the methods that have been used to examine the associations among race, ethnicity,…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Race, Ethnicity, Culture
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Follmer, D. Jake – Educational Psychologist, 2018
This article presents a meta-analytic review of the relation between executive function and reading comprehension. Results (N = 6,673) supported a moderate positive association between executive function and reading comprehension (r = 0.36). Moderator analyses suggested that correlations between executive function and reading comprehension did not…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Comprehension, Meta Analysis, Correlation
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Miele, David B.; Scholer, Abigail A. – Educational Psychologist, 2018
This article builds on existing models of motivation regulation in order to examine how students identify and address motivational deficits (e.g., not enough motivation or not the right type of motivation). Integrating perspectives from the achievement motivation, metacognition, and emotion regulation literatures, we propose that metamotivational…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Self Motivation, Self Control, Self Efficacy
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Ceci, Stephen J. – Educational Psychologist, 2018
Although women are underrepresented in the most mathematically intensive fields, the gender gap in these fields has narrowed over the past 2 decades. In my E. L. Thorndike address I summarized the temporal trends in sex differences for 8 fields and considered factors that drive both the underrepresentation of women and its recent narrowing. I…
Descriptors: Females, Scientists, Disproportionate Representation, Gender Differences
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Usher, Ellen L. – Educational Psychologist, 2018
This commentary revisits compelling arguments put forth by the contributors to this special issue on the role of race and ethnicity in academic motivation research. First, an overview of how race and motivation have been positioned in prominent theories of motivation is provided and juxtaposed with those offered in culturally responsive…
Descriptors: Learning Motivation, Educational Research, Racial Bias, Culturally Relevant Education
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Kumar, Revathy; Zusho, Akane; Bondie, Rhonda – Educational Psychologist, 2018
Despite shifting demographic trends, research on motivation generally remains focused on European American, middle-class, educated samples, calling into question its utility and overall generalizability. Thus, the overarching purpose of this article is to increase the practical and cultural relevance of motivational research. Specifically, we…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Inclusion, Culturally Relevant Education, Comparative Analysis
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Mercier, Hugo; Boudry, Maarten; Paglieri, Fabio; Trouche, Emmanuel – Educational Psychologist, 2017
We summarize the argumentative theory of reasoning, which claims that the main function of reasoning is to argue. In this theory, argumentation is seen as being essentially cooperative (people have to listen to others' arguments and be ready to change their mind) but with an adversarial dimension (their goal as argument producers is to convince).…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Logical Thinking, Theories, Group Discussion
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Winstone, Naomi E.; Nash, Robert A.; Parker, Michael; Rowntree, James – Educational Psychologist, 2017
Much has been written in the educational psychology literature about effective feedback and how to deliver it. However, it is equally important to understand how learners actively receive, engage with, and implement feedback. This article reports a systematic review of the research evidence pertaining to this issue. Through an analysis of 195…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Learner Engagement, Intervention, Taxonomy
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Mashburn, Andrew J. – Educational Psychologist, 2017
Classroom observations are increasingly common in education policies as a means to assess the quality of teachers and/or education programs for purposes of making high-stakes decisions. This article considers one policy, the Head Start Designation Renewal System (DRS), which involves classroom observations to assess the quality of Head Start…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged, Educational Policy, Educational Quality
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Clarà, Marc – Educational Psychologist, 2017
Although current interpretations of Vygotsky's theory largely assume that instruction pushes development, the issue of how this occurs has yet to be clarified. For example, the notion of "zone of proximal development" has aroused strong disagreement, and the common conceptualization of the notion of "nonspontaneous concept" has…
Descriptors: Sociocultural Patterns, Learning Theories, Educational Psychology, Concept Formation
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Bowers, Jeffrey S.; Bowers, Peter N. – Educational Psychologist, 2017
A large body of research supports the conclusion that early reading instruction in English should emphasize phonics, that is, the teaching of grapheme-phoneme correspondences. By contrast, we argue that instruction should be designed to make sense of spellings by teaching children that spellings are organized around the interrelation of…
Descriptors: Phonics, English, Spelling Instruction, Reading Instruction
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D'Mello, Sidney; Dieterle, Ed; Duckworth, Angela – Educational Psychologist, 2017
It is generally acknowledged that engagement plays a critical role in learning. Unfortunately, the study of engagement has been stymied by a lack of valid and efficient measures. We introduce the advanced, analytic, and automated (AAA) approach to measure engagement at fine-grained temporal resolutions. The AAA measurement approach is grounded in…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Measurement Techniques, Cognitive Processes, Case Studies
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Barger, Michael M.; Linnenbrink-Garcia, Lisa – Educational Psychologist, 2017
Children hold many personal theories about education: theories about themselves, knowledge, and the learning process. Personal theories help children predict what their actions will cause, and therefore relate to motivation, self-regulation, and achievement. Researchers typically examine how specific types of personal theories develop…
Descriptors: Theories, Students, Children, Models
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