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Eun, Barohny – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
The zone of proximal development (ZPD) is defined as an overarching concept that integrates the main tenets of Vygotsky's theory of human development. The conceptualization of the ZPD begins with its social, cultural, and historical context and traces its development as a spatial and temporal metaphor that reflects the sociogenetic root of all…
Descriptors: Sociocultural Patterns, Learning Theories, Cognitive Processes, Semiotics
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Campbell, Louise – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
The way in which educators choose to engage with learners and to offer opportunities to share knowledge of both the physical world and the world of ideas is an ongoing area of international research interest but remains diffuse and difficult to systematise. This idiosyncratic quality underscores the privileged position of teachers as creative…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Professionalism, Creativity, Teacher Role
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Costandi, Samia; Hamdan, Allam; Alareeni, Bahaaeddin; Hassan, Ahlam – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
Higher education institutions in the Arabian Gulf region today, which have mushroomed and proliferated in the past ten to fifteen years, have been constructing themselves along models of Western universities at the levels of governance, programs, and structure. At the outset of the twenty-first century, universities have globally experienced a…
Descriptors: Governance, College Administration, Universities, Educational Change
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Winch, Christopher – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
The view of Wittgenstein as a 'tragic' philosopher of education is examined. Friesen's claim rests on an interpretation of the way in which Wittgenstein uses the German term 'Abrichtung'. This involves the claim that Wittgenstein saw training activities closely analogous to the breaking of an animal's will. Close examination of various of the…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Training, Linguistic Theory, Language Usage
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Lewis, Colin J. – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
Despite increasing studies and applications of Vygotsky's theory of learning and development, little has been written connecting Vygotsky specifically to "moral" education. The most comprehensive attempt at formulating such an account is given by MarkĀ Tappan. I critically evaluate Tappan's account before raising several problems for his…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Moral Development, Learning Theories, Criticism
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Dumitru, Adelin – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
In this paper, I argue that universities ought to account for the diverse conceptions of the good employed by their students. The complex nature of the good of education, which has both instrumental and intrinsic aspects, means that the modern university should be impartial between students who consume this good for itself or as a means towards…
Descriptors: Universities, Educational Philosophy, Democracy, Outcomes of Education
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Hinchliffe, Geoffrey – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
In the second half of 1944, Jean-Paul Sartre wrote an essay entitled 'Anti-Semite and Jew'. He analyses what might be termed the moral pathology of the anti-Semite. Such a person, Sartre suggests, has chosen to enact a passion, a passion of hatred. The motive is the desire for 'impenetrability' -- a disavowal of reasoned argument -- and a pleasure…
Descriptors: Jews, Social Discrimination, Social Bias, Immigration
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Greenwood, Janinka – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
This paper explores the interplay of control and trust in a cross-national and cross-cultural professional development course. It examines the differing expectations of the overseas high-ranked education officials who were the students and of the course teachers, particularly in terms of: approaches to control of content and of interpersonal…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Teacher Attitudes, Trust (Psychology), Accountability
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Yang, Fan – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
In an era when individuality has been increasingly emphasized, the development of science and technology has provided technical support for the realization of individuation. However, in an examination-oriented education system, the education model has not attached sufficient importance to individuality. The modern education industry focuses much…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Religion, Educational Philosophy, Asian Culture
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Hanley, Christopher – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
We need to keep experimenting with writing to meet the challenges of Deleuze and Guattari's flattened ontology in the humanities. The paper reports on a small, experimental research project at a university in the north-west of England. The findings are written in an experimental mode, inspired by the Deleuze and Guattarian concept, 'assemblage'.…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Humanities, Educational Theories, Creativity
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O'Sullivan, Nan – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
This research parallels Tongan academic Hufanga 'Okusitino Mahina's assertions in the 1994 Contemporary Pacific article Our Sea of Islands, that 'People are thought to walk forward into the past and walk backward into the future, both taking place in the present, where the past and the future are constantly mediated in the ever-transforming…
Descriptors: Indigenous Knowledge, Pacific Islanders, Futures (of Society), Sustainability
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Natanasabapathy, Puvanambihai; Maathuis-Smith, Sandra – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
Transformation has been the fundamental basis upon which education has always stood, as without transformation in mind, education would seem purposeless and undirected. This would imply that the objective of providing information in education is not just to gain knowledge but to achieve the desired transformation in character or behaviour by…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Transformative Learning, Concept Formation, Teaching Methods
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Turner, Ralph Lamar; Gassaway, Carol – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
Although MOOCs have not lived up to previously breathless predictions of disruption, they have had an outsized influence on university administrators who see online learning as a "savior solution" for ever-shrinking budgets. Despite lower student persistent rates, faculty skepticism, and burdensome faculty workloads, the general public…
Descriptors: Large Group Instruction, Online Courses, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education
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Mayes, Eve; Keddie, Amanda; Moss, Julianne; Rawolle, Shaun; Paatsch, Louise; Kelly, Merinda – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
Inequalities have historically been conceptualised and empirically explored with primary reference to the human. Both measurements of educational inequalities through the production of data about students, teachers and schools, and ethnographic explorations of inequalities in the spoken accounts of human actors in schools can elide affective…
Descriptors: Social Differences, Equal Education, Ethnography, Correlation
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Tesar, Marek; Arndt, Sonja – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
Archival research can be described as preoccupied with the ontology of data formation and collection in relation to the speaking and writing subject. From its outset, it can be located in the humanistic tradition, which the archival and historical discipline has inherited. Thus, archival research can be described as preoccupied with the ontology…
Descriptors: Archives, Ethics, Humanism, Personal Autonomy
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