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Shimizu, Minoru – Educational Perspectives, 2010
This essay is a history that relates the Japanese tradition of accepting and adapting aspects of foreign culture, especially as it applies to the learning of foreign languages. In particular, the essay describes the history of English education in Japan by investigating its developments after the Meiji era. The author addresses the issues from the…
Descriptors: Foreign Culture, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Ohtani, Chie – Educational Perspectives, 2010
In 2001, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) released the "Rainbow Plan" as the educational reform plan for the twenty-first century. As part of the plan, MEXT will make English education activities compulsory at Japanese public elementary schools beginning in 2011. The purpose of the Rainbow Plan…
Descriptors: Elementary Schools, Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning