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Ohtani, Chie – Educational Perspectives, 2010
In 2001, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) released the "Rainbow Plan" as the educational reform plan for the twenty-first century. As part of the plan, MEXT will make English education activities compulsory at Japanese public elementary schools beginning in 2011. The purpose of the Rainbow Plan…
Descriptors: Elementary Schools, Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning
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Weir, George R. S.; Ozasa, Toshiaki – Educational Perspectives, 2010
Japan has a long tradition of teaching English as a foreign language (EFL). A common feature of EFL courses is reliance on specific textbooks as a basis for graded teaching, and periods in Japanese EFL history are marked by the introduction of different textbook series. These sets of textbooks share the common goal of taking students from…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction
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Kumano, Ruriko – Educational Perspectives, 2007
During the US Occupation of Japan (1945-1952), a victorious America attempted to reform Japanese education by replacing Japan's tradition system of values with one that promoted American democratic values. The United States had considered the source of Japan's militarism to lie in the selfless loyalty and love of country that many older Japanese…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Democratic Values, Cultural Education
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Takei, Yoshimitsu; Honda, Tokio; Shieh, Sheau-Hue – Educational Perspectives, 2007
Adolescence is often considered a period in a person's life when important physiological and emotional changes occur. When discussing adolescence, however, it should not be forgotten that it is just another stage in one's life span between birth and death. By adopting a life-span perspective, researchers are more likely to consider contextual…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis