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Burstall, Clare – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1986
Focusing on innovative forms of assessment in the United Kingdom, this article describes assessment strategies in mathematics, "oracy," science, and foreign languages. These strategies include not only problems in which students select a correct answer, but also practical problems in which students supply answers to open ended tasks.…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Language Skills, Mathematics Achievement
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Powers, Donald E. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
Several available summaries of research on coaching for the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) are summarized and their principal findings discussed. Some additional studies, that have been completed since these summaries were reported, are considered and linked to the summaries. The four major meta-analyses considered are those of: (1) Messick and…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Cost Effectiveness, High Schools, Higher Education
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Hambleton, Ronald K.; Brennan, Robert L.; Brown, William; Dodd, Barbara; Forsyth, Robert A.; Mehrens, William A.; Nellhaus, Jeff; Reckase, Mark; Rindone, Douglas; van der Linden, Wim J.; Zwick, Rebecca – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2000
Responds to a negative evaluation of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and asserts that a review of the evidence for the NAEP performance standards indicates that there is support for the current approach to NAEP standard setting. Considers the scholarship of the NAS evaluation…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Evaluation, Standard Setting (Scoring)
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Linn, Robert L. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1998
The focus is on partitioning the evaluation of the consequences of assessment programs among the sponsors, developers, users, and reviewers of tests. Five parties that share responsibility are discussed: (1) the state legislature, (2) the state board of education, (3) the school district, (4) the test publisher, and (5) the measurement profession.…
Descriptors: Boards of Education, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods
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Kessel, Cathy; Linn, Marcia C. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1996
Studies of student performance on entrance examinations and in high school and college courses are reviewed, and the validity of entrance examinations is studied. Scores tend to underpredict grades of females relative to those of males in mathematics courses. Possible explanations and the reform of mathematics education are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Students, Grades (Scholastic), Higher Education
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Plake, Barbara S.; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1997
The development and validation of professional development resource materials for teachers by the National Council on Measurement in Education and associated professional groups is described. The developed module contains a context-orienting vignette, instruction, practice exercises, hands-on experiences, small group topics, and homework problems.…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Homework, Instructional Materials, Learning Modules
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O'Sullivan, Rita G.; Chalnick, Marla K. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1991
The current status of measurement-related course work requirements for teacher certification and recertification in the United States was investigated. Data were from the "Requirements for Certification," the "National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification Manual," and a telephone survey of 51…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Experience, Elementary School Teachers, Higher Education
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Lane, Suzanne – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1991
Cognitive psychologists and measurement specialists have identified several methods for assessing students' knowledge structures. Applications of the Concept Structure Analysis Technique and MicroCAM (a computer-aided method) are described. Other research into schema knowledge is noted. These assessment procedures provide information about student…
Descriptors: Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Tests, Computer Assisted Testing
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Jones, Lyle V. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
The testing practices and tests described in the preceding articles are reviewed and compared. This cross-cultural examination identifies some issues that are common to the United States and Europe: (1) the emphasis on performance tasks, (2) the accommodation of language minorities, and (3) concerns about gender differences. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Assessment
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Yen, Wendy M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1988
In their discussion of problems related to identifying learning disabilities with individually administered achievement tests, Phillips and Clarizio incorrectly conclude that developmental standard score scales produce unrealistic expectations for the growth of low-achieving students. By definition, these scores state how much the norm group's…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment
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Phillips, S. E.; Clarizio, Harvey F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1988
In comparing the annual growth of low-achieving students and high-achieving students who remain at the same percentile rank, educators must choose between the properties of developmental standard scores and grade equivalents. The growth patterns for grade equivalent scores may be more reasonable than those for standard score scales. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment
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Csapo, Beno – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Development of educational testing in Hungary is reviewed regarding recent political and social changes. Relatively few areas in the educational system use tests regularly. The current political climate is expected to bring new standardized tests. A national core curriculum is planned with more autonomy for local-level and school-level decisions.…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational History, Educational Testing, Educational Trends
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Moran, Mary Ross; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1991
Practices identified by experts as critical variables in eliciting writing samples were checked against 12 randomly selected studies using holistic ratings to derive descriptions of inferential statistical results for described samples. The studies often lacked precise information about these variables, limiting understanding of writing evaluation…
Descriptors: Cues, Educational Practices, Examiners, Holistic Evaluation
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Mehrens, William A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1990
Characteristics/roles of the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) were compared to those of other, similar professional organizations, using data from 24 completed informal surveys. The other organizations include American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, and Association for Measurement and…
Descriptors: Agency Role, Comparative Analysis, Educational Assessment, Educational Research
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Tittle, Carol Kehr; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
Major changes in educational and psychological theories that have come about since the cognitive and affective taxonomies of educational objectives were published in 1956 and 1964 are traced. The changes emphasize the need to understand thinking in the context of students' beliefs and self-directed cognitions. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Affective Behavior, Classification, Classroom Research
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