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Vold, David J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1985
Testing of teacher competence is traced from colonial times to the present. Various forms of teacher testing were commonplace up through the nineteenth century. A major educational reform movement in the early twentieth century succeeded in eliminating teacher tests in favor of proper and uniform preparation through teacher education. (BS)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Koretz, Daniel – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
The documented decline in test scores of the 1960s and 1970s and the unclear picture since then result from educational and noneducational factors. Aspects of the misuse of test scores are (1) simplistic interpretation of performance trends; (2) unsupported evaluations of schooling; and (3) a reductionist view of education. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Educational History, Educational Quality
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Thio, Djien K. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
The growth of educational testing in the Netherlands is reviewed, and the way tests are used in elementary and secondary education is described. Educational testing in the Netherlands has been strongly connected to the existence of the National Institute for Educational Measurement (CITO). (SLD)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Educational History, Educational Testing, Educational Trends
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Nuttall, Desmond L.; Stobart, Gordon – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
National curriculum assessment in England and Wales is explored, focusing on its troubled implementation. The work of the Task Group on Assessment and Testing and teacher resistance to the mandated testing are discussed. Experiences in England and Wales provide insight into what can be expected in a national assessment system. (SLD)
Descriptors: British National Curriculum, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational History