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Welch, Catherine J.; Dunbar, Stephen B. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
The use of assessment results to inform school accountability relies on the assumption that the test design appropriately represents the content and cognitive emphasis reflected in the state's standards. Since the passage of the Every Student Succeeds Act and the certification of accountability assessments through federal peer review practices,…
Descriptors: Accountability, Test Construction, State Standards, Content Validity
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Frey, Andreas; Hartig, Johannes; Rupp, Andre A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2009
In most large-scale assessments of student achievement, several broad content domains are tested. Because more items are needed to cover the content domains than can be presented in the limited testing time to each individual student, multiple test forms or booklets are utilized to distribute the items to the students. The construction of an…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Test Construction, Theory Practice Relationship, Design
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Cangelosi, James S. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1984
Test development procedures and six methods for determining cut-off scores are briefly described. An alternate method, appropriate when the test developer also determines the cut-off score, is suggested. Unlike other methods, the standard is set during the test development stage. Its computations are intelligible to nonstatistically-oriented…
Descriptors: Criterion Referenced Tests, Cutting Scores, Elementary Secondary Education, Error of Measurement
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Cole, Nancy S. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1984
Several issues facing the measurement community were brought on by the recent emphasis on stricter educational accountability measures. These testing issues include the limits of test scores, effects of testing on instruction, proper test use, importance of the test content, and defining the basics in education. (EGS)
Descriptors: Accountability, Back to Basics, Basic Skills, Educational Improvement
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Brzezinski, Evelyn J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1984
The history of microcomputer use in education is traced, from 1950 to the present, and implications for testing applications are reviewed. Future trends in statistical analysis packages, mass storage, improved graphics, and integration of components are discussed. (BW)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Assisted Testing, Computer Software, Educational Testing
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Hambleton, Ronald K. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1984
The purpose of this paper is to describe some of the current changes in test development that are taking place because of the availability and capabilities of computers, especially microcomputers. Item banking and test assembly are discussed, and a comprehensive testing system is described. (BW)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Computer Software, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education
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Fremer, John – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1984
The constructive use of microcomputers in the development of tests requires thoughtful attention to the questions addressed in this paper: What is the purpose for testing? How can a microcomputer help? Which microcomputer system is best? What pitfalls should be avoided? (BW)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Computer Software, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education
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Roeber, Edward D. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1984
In every instance in the process of constructing and using a test, the microcomputer can aid the classroom teacher. However, the teacher will not apply the microcomputer to classroom testing without added training both in classroom testing and in using the microcomputer. (BW)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Item Analysis
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Solano-Flores, Guillermo; Shavelson, Richard J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1997
Conceptual, practical, and logistical issues in the development of science performance assessments (SPAs) are discussed. The conceptual framework identifies task, response format, and scoring system as components, and conceives of SPAs as tasks that attempt to recreate conditions in which scientists work. Developing SPAs is a sophisticated effort…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Performance Based Assessment, Science Education, Science Tests
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Cizek, Gregory J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2000
Points out areas in which aspects of assessment practice remain resistant to change: (1) evaluation of student achievement; (2) appropriate application of assessment innovation; and (3) preparation of educators in educational assessment. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education
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Ward, Annie W.; Murray-Ward, Mildred – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
This instructional module presented by the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) provides guidelines for teachers and other test developers to help them construct test item banks. Setting up an item bank and using it are described, with a consideration of software that can be used. (SLD)
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Computer Software, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Brookhart, Susan M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
This instructional module from the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) explains how to design assessments for written reports, develop performance criteria and communicate them to students, monitor progress, and assess the outcome. Learning how to give students a role in assessment adds a dimension to their responsibilities. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Critical Thinking, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Popham, W. James – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Test specifications need to take a middle road so that they are not so general that instructional targeting is impossible and not so specific that only unitary assessment targets are fostered. Using illustrative sample items provides a good means of communicating the items eligible to be tested. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Criterion Referenced Tests, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Jolly, S. Jean; Gramenz, Gary W. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1984
A norm-referenced achievement test, in combination with supplementary items, can be used to produce norm-referenced data as well as objective-referenced data. The experiences of the Palm Beach County (Florida) school district in developing and using such a test are described. (EGS)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Criterion Referenced Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Item Analysis
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Stiggins, Richard J.; Bridgeford, Nancy J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1983
This review, with profiles of 51 available writing/language usage tests from most major test publishing companies, provides technical information on the tests, the evolution of test characteristics, the tests' role as writing samples, and issues in psychometric quality. Published objective writing tests are changing in important and positive ways.…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Objective Tests, Psychometrics, Test Construction
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