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Mares, Jiri; Byckovsky, Petr – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
The history of educational assessment and research in Czechoslovakia and changes in attitudes toward educational testing are reviewed. The current status of educational assessment is evaluated and found wanting. A plan is proposed to resuscitate educational testing in Czechoslovakia in spite of the current economic and political problems. (SLD)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Educational Assessment, Educational Attitudes, Educational Change
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Niemierko, Boleslaw – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1991
The experiences of Poland in educational testing are reviewed from 1918 to 1990. Trends affecting the future of educational testing in Poland are considered. Current economic and political conditions in Eastern Europe may keep educational testing in a relatively minor position as more vital national needs are addressed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Communism, Democracy, Economic Change, Educational Assessment
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Thio, Djien K. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
The growth of educational testing in the Netherlands is reviewed, and the way tests are used in elementary and secondary education is described. Educational testing in the Netherlands has been strongly connected to the existence of the National Institute for Educational Measurement (CITO). (SLD)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Educational History, Educational Testing, Educational Trends
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Csapo, Beno – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Development of educational testing in Hungary is reviewed regarding recent political and social changes. Relatively few areas in the educational system use tests regularly. The current political climate is expected to bring new standardized tests. A national core curriculum is planned with more autonomy for local-level and school-level decisions.…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational History, Educational Testing, Educational Trends