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Arslan, Burcu; Jiang, Yang; Keehner, Madeleine; Gong, Tao; Katz, Irvin R.; Yan, Fred – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
Computer-based educational assessments often include items that involve drag-and-drop responses. There are different ways that drag-and-drop items can be laid out and different choices that test developers can make when designing these items. Currently, these decisions are based on experts' professional judgments and design constraints, rather…
Descriptors: Test Items, Computer Assisted Testing, Test Format, Decision Making
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DiCerbo, Kristen – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
We have the ability to capture data from students' interactions with digital environments as they engage in learning activity. This provides the potential for a reimagining of assessment to one in which assessment become part of our natural education activity and can be used to support learning. These new data allow us to more closely examine the…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Information Technology, Learning Activities, Learning Processes
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Lottridge, Sue; Burkhardt, Amy; Boyer, Michelle – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
In this digital ITEMS module, Dr. Sue Lottridge, Amy Burkhardt, and Dr. Michelle Boyer provide an overview of automated scoring. Automated scoring is the use of computer algorithms to score unconstrained open-ended test items by mimicking human scoring. The use of automated scoring is increasing in educational assessment programs because it allows…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Scoring, Automation, Educational Assessment
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Langenfeld, Thomas – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the shift toward online learning solutions necessitating the need for developing online assessment solutions. Vendors offer online assessment delivery systems with varying security levels designed to minimize unauthorized behaviors. Combating cheating and securing assessment content, however, is not solely the…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Justice, COVID-19, Pandemics
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Soland, James – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
As computer-based tests become more common, there is a growing wealth of metadata related to examinees' response processes, which include solution strategies, concentration, and operating speed. One common type of metadata is item response time. While response times have been used extensively to improve estimates of achievement, little work…
Descriptors: Test Items, Item Response Theory, Metadata, Self Efficacy
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Kroehne, Ulf; Buerger, Sarah; Hahnel, Carolin; Goldhammer, Frank – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
For many years, reading comprehension in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) was measured via paper-based assessment (PBA). In the 2015 cycle, computer-based assessment (CBA) was introduced, raising the question of whether central equivalence criteria required for a valid interpretation of the results are fulfilled. As an…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Computer Assisted Testing, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries
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Zhang, Mo; Bennett, Randy E.; Deane, Paul; van Rijn, Peter W. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
This study compared gender groups on the processes used in writing essays in an online assessment. Middle-school students from four grades responded to essays in two persuasive subgenres, argumentation and policy recommendation. Writing processes were inferred from four indicators extracted from students' keystroke logs. In comparison to males, on…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Essays, Computer Assisted Testing, Persuasive Discourse
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Wright, Daniel B. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
There is much discussion about and many policies to address achievement gaps in education among groups of students. The focus here is on a different gap and it is argued that it also should be of concern. Speed gaps are differences in how quickly different groups of students answer the questions on academic assessments. To investigate some speed…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Reaction Time, Educational Testing
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Wang, Jue; Engelhard, George, Jr. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
In this digital ITEMS module, Dr. Jue Wang and Dr. George Engelhard Jr. describe the Rasch measurement framework for the construction and evaluation of new measures and scales. From a theoretical perspective, they discuss the historical and philosophical perspectives on measurement with a focus on Rasch's concept of specific objectivity and…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Evaluation Methods, Measurement, Goodness of Fit
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Kosh, Audra E.; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Murphy, P. Karen; Burdick, Hal; Firetto, Carla M.; Elmore, Jeff – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
We explored the feasibility of using automated scoring to assess upper-elementary students' reading ability through analysis of transcripts of students' small-group discussions about texts. Participants included 35 fourth-grade students across two classrooms that engaged in a literacy intervention called Quality Talk. During the course of one…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Small Group Instruction, Group Discussion, Student Evaluation
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Yamamoto, Kentaro; Shin, Hyo Jeong; Khorramdel, Lale – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
A multistage adaptive testing (MST) design was implemented for the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) starting in 2012 for about 40 countries and has been implemented for the 2018 cycle of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) for more than 80 countries. Using examples from PISA and PIAAC,…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Test Validity
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Allalouf, Avi; Gutentag, Tony; Baumer, Michal – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2017
Quality control (QC) in testing is paramount. QC procedures for tests can be divided into two types. The first type, one that has been well researched, is QC for tests administered to large population groups on few administration dates using a small set of test forms (e.g., large-scale assessment). The second type is QC for tests, usually…
Descriptors: Quality Control, Scoring, Computer Assisted Testing, Error Patterns
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Wise, Steven L. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2017
The rise of computer-based testing has brought with it the capability to measure more aspects of a test event than simply the answers selected or constructed by the test taker. One behavior that has drawn much research interest is the time test takers spend responding to individual multiple-choice items. In particular, very short response…
Descriptors: Guessing (Tests), Multiple Choice Tests, Test Items, Reaction Time
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Davis, Laurie; Morrison, Kristin; Kong, Xiaojing; McBride, Yuanyuan – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2017
The use of tablets for large-scale testing programs has transitioned from concept to reality for many state testing programs. This study extended previous research on score comparability between tablets and computers with high school students to compare score distributions across devices for reading, math, and science and to evaluate device…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Handheld Devices, Telecommunications, Scoring
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Qian, Hong; Staniewska, Dorota; Reckase, Mark; Woo, Ada – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2016
This article addresses the issue of how to detect item preknowledge using item response time data in two computer-based large-scale licensure examinations. Item preknowledge is indicated by an unexpected short response time and a correct response. Two samples were used for detecting item preknowledge for each examination. The first sample was from…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Licensing Examinations (Professions), Computer Assisted Testing, Prior Learning
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