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Shepard, L. A.; Penuel, W. R.; Pellegrino, J. W. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
To support equitable and ambitious teaching practices, classroom assessment design must be grounded in a research-based theory of learning. Compared to other theories, sociocultural theory offers a more powerful, integrative account of how motivational aspects of learning--such as self-regulation, self-efficacy, sense of belonging, and…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Formative Evaluation, Grading, Learning Theories
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Wilson, Mark – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
This article is a written version of the Presidential Address I gave at the annual meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) in April 2017. It is a call to NCME members (and others who read this, of course) to rebalance their focus so that classroom assessments are seen as being at least as important as large-scale…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Student Evaluation, Alignment (Education), Educational Practices
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Johnson, Evelyn S.; Crawford, Angela; Moylan, Laura A.; Zheng, Yuzhu – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
The evidence-centered design framework was used to create a special education teacher observation system, Recognizing Effective Special Education Teachers. Extensive reviews of research informed the domain analysis and modeling stages, and led to the conceptual framework in which effective special education teaching is operationalized as the…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Special Education Teachers, Observation, Disabilities
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Koretz, D.; Langi, M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
Most studies predicting college performance from high-school grade point average (HSGPA) and college admissions test scores use single-level regression models that conflate relationships within and between high schools. Because grading standards vary among high schools, these relationships are likely to differ within and between schools. We used…
Descriptors: Prediction, High School Students, Grade Point Average, Scores
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Sinharay, Sandip – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
The choice of anchor tests is crucial in applications of the nonequivalent groups with anchor test design of equating. Sinharay and Holland (2006, 2007) suggested "miditests," which are anchor tests that are content-representative and have the same mean item difficulty as the total test but have a smaller spread of item difficulties.…
Descriptors: Test Content, Difficulty Level, Test Items, Test Construction
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Hancock, Gregory R.; An, Ji – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
In this ITEMS module, we frame the topic of scale reliability within a "confirmatory factor analysis" and "structural equation modeling" (SEM) context and address some of the limitations of Cronbach's a. This modeling approach has two major advantages: (1) it allows researchers to make explicit the relation between their items…
Descriptors: Reliability, Structural Equation Models, Factor Analysis, Correlation
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Goeman, J. J.; De Jong, N. H. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
Many researchers use Cronbach's alpha to demonstrate internal consistency, even though it has been shown numerous times that Cronbach's alpha is not suitable for this. Because the intention of questionnaire and test constructers is to summarize the test by its overall sum score, we advocate summability, which we define as the proportion of total…
Descriptors: Tests, Scores, Questionnaires, Measurement
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Kosh, Audra E.; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Murphy, P. Karen; Burdick, Hal; Firetto, Carla M.; Elmore, Jeff – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
We explored the feasibility of using automated scoring to assess upper-elementary students' reading ability through analysis of transcripts of students' small-group discussions about texts. Participants included 35 fourth-grade students across two classrooms that engaged in a literacy intervention called Quality Talk. During the course of one…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Small Group Instruction, Group Discussion, Student Evaluation
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An, Chen; Braun, Henry; Walsh, Mary E. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
Making causal inferences from a quasi-experiment is difficult. Sensitivity analysis approaches to address hidden selection bias thus have gained popularity. This study serves as an introduction to a simple but practical form of sensitivity analysis using Monte Carlo simulation procedures. We examine estimated treatment effects for a school-based…
Descriptors: Statistical Inference, Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Quasiexperimental Design
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Lewis, Charlie; Chajewski, Michael; Rupp, André A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
In this ITEMS module, we provide a two-part introduction to the topic of reliability from the perspective of "classical test theory" (CTT). In the first part, which is directed primarily at beginning learners, we review and build on the content presented in the original didactic ITEMS article by Traub and Rowley (1991). Specifically, we…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Test Theory, Computation, Data Collection
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Mattern, Krista; Radunzel, Justine; Bertling, Maria; Ho, Andrew D. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
The percentage of students retaking college admissions tests is rising. Researchers and college admissions offices currently use a variety of methods for summarizing these multiple scores. Testing organizations such as ACT and the College Board, interested in validity evidence like correlations with first-year grade point average (FYGPA), often…
Descriptors: College Admission, Scores, Correlation, College Entrance Examinations
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Gotch, Chad M.; Roduta Roberts, Mary – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
As the primary interface between test developers and multiple educational stakeholders, score reports are a critical component to the success (or failure) of any assessment program. The purpose of this review is to document recent research on individual-level score reporting to advance the research and practice of score reporting. We conducted a…
Descriptors: Scores, Models, Correlation, Stakeholders
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Yocarini, Iris E.; Bouwmeester, Samantha; Smeets, Guus; Arends, Lidia R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
This real-data-guided simulation study systematically evaluated the decision accuracy of complex decision rules combining multiple tests within different realistic curricula. Specifically, complex decision rules combining conjunctive aspects and compensatory aspects were evaluated. A conjunctive aspect requires a minimum level of performance,…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Decision Making, Accuracy, Higher Education
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Luecht, Richard; Ackerman, Terry A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
Simulation studies are extremely common in the item response theory (IRT) research literature. This article presents a didactic discussion of "truth" and "error" in IRT-based simulation studies. We ultimately recommend that future research focus less on the simple recovery of parameters from a convenient generating IRT model,…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Simulation, Ethics, Error of Measurement
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Camilli, Gregory; Kim, Sunhee – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
The trend in mathematics achievement from preschool to kindergarten is studied with a longitudinal growth item response theory model. The three measurement occasions included the spring of preschool and the spring and fall of kindergarten. The growth trend was nonlinear, with a steep drop between spring of preschool and fall of kindergarten. The…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Mathematics Education, Early Childhood Education, Mathematics Achievement
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