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Ranson, Stewart – Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 2011
The 1988 Education Reform Act radically transformed the local governance of education, according school governing bodies new delegated powers for budgets and staff as well as responsibility for the strategic direction of the school in a quasi market place of parental choice. To take up these new responsibilities the earlier Education Act 1986 had…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Administrators, School Law, Educational Legislation
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Bolam, Ray – Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 2004
This article reviews three historical phases of leadership development in England and Wales, together with parallel changes in in-service training and the broader professional infrastructure, in order to show how the idea of a national college developed and became viable. It argues that, as a policy innovation, the NCSL has built on earlier…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Management Development, Intellectual History, Educational Development