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Dotts, Brian W. – Educational Foundations, 2015
The idea of breaking free from outdated ideas and practices is nothing new. It is an idea advocated by individuals like Aristotle, Thomas Paine, and Thomas Jefferson. In 1935 Dewey asserted that he viewed education and schooling as the ideal setting for democracy's gestation. He believed that a democratic way of life could best be achieved by…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Public Education
Fasching-Varner, Kenneth J. – Educational Foundations, 2013
In this article the author presents the argument that racialized beliefs are always already present within the narratives of White people (Kant, 1996; Ricour, 1991), and in this case specifically teachers. The presence of a racially contextualized semantic move is evident when the person sharing is attempting to bond racially (Sleeter, 1990). The…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Whites, Racial Attitudes, Beliefs
Madyun, Na'im H. – Educational Foundations, 2011
African-American student achievement outcomes have been and continue to be a critical concern for education researchers. Much of the framing of African-American student outcomes centers on what is known as achievement gaps that exist between African-American and White students. Unfortunately, these gaps have remained roughly the same since the…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, African Americans, Social Theories, Racial Differences
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Borman, Kathryn M., Ed.; O'Reilly, Patricia, Ed. – Educational Foundations, 1991
This theme issue of the serial "Educational Foundations" contains five articles devoted to the "Images of the Foundations." In "Through the Disarray of Social Foundations: Some Some Notes Toward a New Social Foundations" (Erwin V. Johanningmeier) traces developments in the field and challenges a move beyond the images…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Foundations of Education, Higher Education, Instructional Development
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Malloy, William – Educational Foundations, 1997
Educators working to improve dropout prevention programs should closely examine the development of defensive overlays in children's world views. Efforts to neutralize defensive world views within existing dropout prevention initiatives should refocus efforts to be more holistic. Such neutralization may best succeed in small schools. (SM)
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Environment, Disadvantaged Youth, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Research
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Marusza, Julia – Educational Foundations, 1997
Uses field data gathered in two school districts to explore multicultural activity in social studies classrooms. The focus is on the source, treatment, and incorporation of multiculturalism into the lessons. The study concludes that larger structures, school culture, and teacher and student histories influence multicultural practice. (SM)
Descriptors: Black Students, Class Activities, Classroom Environment, Diversity (Student)
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Reagan, Timothy – Educational Foundations, 1997
Examines the concept of linguistic legitimacy (and illegitimacy) using three specific cases--Black English, American Sign Language, and Esperanto. The paper argues that legitimacy is grounded more on personal, political, and ideological biases than on linguistic criteria. (SM)
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Black Dialects, Black Students, Diversity (Student)
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Bruce, Bertam C. – Educational Foundations, 1996
Examines the view that computer technology is a tool that will, in and of itself, improve education and ultimately ameliorate social ills, arguing that it is important to think of how social relations are encoded in technologies and technologies encoded in social relations and how the two are mutually constituted. (SM)
Descriptors: Computer Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Weis, Lois – Educational Foundations, 1995
Discusses the extent to which the processes of "othering" (marking and naming those considered different from oneself) fall into the physical and sexual realm. The paper examines three studies, highlighting the extent to which othering is sexual, naming and exploring what it means for current school practice in multicultural environments. (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Athletics, Blacks, Higher Education
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LeCompte, Margaret D.; deMarrais, Kathleen Bennett – Educational Foundations, 1992
Presents the term empowerment in historical context, reviews empowerment's disciplinary and theoretical sources, establishes a framework for studies that discuss empowerment in the context of programs for minority groups, and cautions against loose, uncritical use of empowerment in social action and pedagogy (which can create further…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Elementary Secondary Education, Empowerment
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Page, Reba N. – Educational Foundations, 1990
Describes the differences between and within American secondary schools. Types of schools are discussed, and institutional analyses are recommended for creating ethnological typologies. School culture is suggested as a basis for typology. Three comprehensive and supposedly similar public high schools are examined, and their significant cultural…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Classification, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences
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Lipka, Jerry – Educational Foundations, 1994
Some sociopolitical contexts of Alaskan schools undermine Yup'ik Eskimo teachers' classroom use of their cultural knowledge and create barriers to their training. Yup'ik leaders have formed a teacher organization that studies traditional language and culture for classroom use. The article examines how those efforts changed classroom practice,…
Descriptors: Cultural Background, Cultural Influences, Educational Change, Elementary School Teachers
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Spatig, Linda; Bickel, Robert – Educational Foundations, 1991
Study examined faculty social foundations by surveying social foundations teachers regarding their educational training. Students completed questionnaires about teacher role. Instructors' professional training related to ideas about teaching. Those trained in social foundations took a more critical approach, though students of such instructors did…
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Educational Background, Educational Objectives, Foundations of Education
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Sleeter, Christine E. – Educational Foundations, 1992
A study of predominantly white teachers participating in a multicultural education staff development program illustrated how social class and gender experiences informed their understanding of the social order they used to understand race. Following the staff development, few teachers substantially restructured their perspectives about racial…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development, Inservice Teacher Education
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Wieder, Alan – Educational Foundations, 1992
Presents examples of Afrocentrism that encourage African and African-American inclusion in the curriculum. Examines work by three Afrocentrist educators who discuss capitalist, democratic, and liberationist Afrocentrism. Each asserts the need for the connection of Afrocentrism or African and African-American history to fight racism and promote…
Descriptors: African History, Afrocentrism, Black Culture, Consciousness Raising
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