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LeCompte, Margaret D.; deMarrais, Kathleen Bennett – Educational Foundations, 1992
Presents the term empowerment in historical context, reviews empowerment's disciplinary and theoretical sources, establishes a framework for studies that discuss empowerment in the context of programs for minority groups, and cautions against loose, uncritical use of empowerment in social action and pedagogy (which can create further…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Elementary Secondary Education, Empowerment
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Stout, Maureen – Educational Foundations, 1992
Examines the concept of popular culture in social and educational theory in the context of developing nations, particularly Latin America. Using a poststructuralist literary theory, the article elaborates a notion of the popular that offers a new conceptualization by incorporating a sense of competing identities and ideologies that form it. (SM)
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Developing Nations
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Foster, Michele – Educational Foundations, 1994
Discusses interviews with black teachers who witnessed many reform initiatives to improve black students' academic achievement. The teachers challenged white, middle class perspectives on black community norms, cultural values, political realities, and community aspirations. Successful school reform must acknowledge and incorporate black community…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Teachers, Cultural Background, Cultural Influences
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Simon, Roger I. – Educational Foundations, 1994
Educators can construct practices that provoke processes of remembrance to alter the way the past is made present in desires, plans, and actions. The paper highlights the collective aspect of living memory to emphasize the organized, nonidiosyncratic quality of such memories. Four historical events are examined. (SM)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Genocide, Higher Education
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Casanova, Ursula; Chavez, Sheila – Educational Foundations, 1992
Examines the influence of various sociopolitical factors on government policies in two federal programs, those for the gifted and talented and those for bilingual education. Traces the evolution of these programs and compares their backgrounds to determine the influences shaping federal funding and program implementation. (GLR)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid
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Davidson, Ann Locke; And Others – Educational Foundations, 1993
Examines the effects of ethnicity on students, discussing how the meaning and practice of ethnic identity are shaped by school experiences. The article suggests ethnicity is negotiated across time and social situations, rather than solely from group membership. Daily social interaction mediates and reshapes institutionally produced social or…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnicity, Group Unity
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Steet, Linda – Educational Foundations, 1999
Reveals how the author's interpretation of the development of reformatories for girls underwent a revisionist transformation during her work with an alternative school for delinquent girls, which challenged her interpretation of the impact of reformatory life. Explores questions of positionality, i.e., gender inequality and African-American and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Blacks, Delinquency, Females