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Reagan, Timothy – Educational Foundations, 2022
While there are many difficulties faced by world language educators, both teachers and students of certain languages--languages commonly identified with countries and cultures deemed to be hostile to the United States--often find themselves in uniquely paradoxical situations. This article begins with a brief anecdotal description of the personal…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Uncommonly Taught Languages, Indo European Languages
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Reagan, Timothy – Educational Foundations, 1997
Examines the concept of linguistic legitimacy (and illegitimacy) using three specific cases--Black English, American Sign Language, and Esperanto. The paper argues that legitimacy is grounded more on personal, political, and ideological biases than on linguistic criteria. (SM)
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Black Dialects, Black Students, Diversity (Student)
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Reagan, Timothy – Educational Foundations, 1990
Fundamental pedagogics, the Afrikaans philosophy of education, is an integral component of apartheid's ideological foundation, functioning both to justify and to legitimate separate educational systems. This article discusses this philosophy and the manner in which it manifests itself in teacher education and in the relationship between teacher…
Descriptors: Apartheid, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education
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Reagan, Timothy; Osborn, Terry A. – Educational Foundations, 1998
Examines factors that work against the success of foreign language education (power, authority, domination, and social bias), using critical theory to examine structural constraints within foreign language education, the context of foreign language curricula, and teachers' roles as language authorities. The paper concludes that, without a change…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Power Structure, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning
Rojas, Eliana D.; Reagan, Timothy – Educational Foundations, 2003
Bilingual education has been an extremely controversial and contentious topic in recent years among both educators and the general public in the United States. Long a bastion of what some writers have called "ideological monolingualism," the United States has not demonstrated either great sensitivity to or tolerance of linguistic…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Educational Practices, Bilingualism, Bilingual Education Programs