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Showing 16 to 30 of 449 results Save | Export
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Bell, Courtney A.; Jones, Nathan D.; Qi, Yi; Lewis, Jennifer M. – Educational Assessment, 2018
All 50 states use observations to evaluate practicing teachers, but we know little about how administrators actually reason when they use those observation protocols. Drawing on think-aloud and stimulated recall data, this study describes the types of strategies and warrants practicing administrators used when rating with their district's…
Descriptors: Administrators, Observation, Validity, Logical Thinking
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Blazar, David; Braslow, David; Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Hill, Heather C. – Educational Assessment, 2017
New systems that seek to evaluate teachers with regard to their classroom quality often rely on observation instruments that capture general instructional pedagogies. However, decades of research suggest that content-specific dimensions of instruction also are important to differentiate teachers and improve student outcomes. We explore the degree…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Observation, Factor Analysis
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Munger, Kristen A.; Murray, Maria S. – Educational Assessment, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity evidence of first-grade spelling scores from a standardized test of nonsense word spellings and their potential value within universal literacy screening. Spelling scores from the Test of Phonological Awareness: Second Edition PLUS for 47 first-grade children were scored using a standardized…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests
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Steedle, Jeffrey T.; Grochowalski, Joseph – Educational Assessment, 2017
Students may not fully demonstrate their knowledge and skills on accountability tests if there are no stakes attached to individual performance. In that case, assessment results may not accurately reflect student achievement, so the validity of score interpretations and uses suffers. For this study, matched samples of students taking state…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Accountability, Student Evaluation, Standardized Tests
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Won, Mihye; Krabbe, Heiko; Ley, Siv Ling; Treagust, David F.; Fischer, Hans E. – Educational Assessment, 2017
In this study, we investigated the value of a concept map marking guide as an alternative formative assessment tool for science teachers to adopt for the topic of energy. Eight high school science teachers marked students' concept maps using an itemized holistic marking guide. Their marking was compared with the researchers' marking and the scores…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Concept Mapping, Formative Evaluation
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Tindal, Gerald; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Stevens, Joseph J. – Educational Assessment, 2017
For the past decade, the accountability model associated with No Child Left Behind (NCLB) emphasized proficiency on end of year tests; with Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) the emphasis on proficiency within statewide testing programs, though now integrated with other measures of student learning, nevertheless remains a primary metric for…
Descriptors: Testing Programs, Middle School Students, Models, State Standards
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Toyama, Yukie; Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Pearson, P. David – Educational Assessment, 2017
This study investigated the complexity of leveled passages used in four classroom reading assessments. A total of 167 passages leveled for Grades 1-6 from these assessments were analyzed using four analytical tools of text complexity. More traditional, two-factor measures of text complexity found a general trend of fairly consistent across-grade…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Reading Skills, Student Evaluation, Difficulty Level
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Traynor, Anne – Educational Assessment, 2017
Variation in test performance among examinees from different regions or national jurisdictions is often partially attributed to differences in the degree of content correspondence between local school or training program curricula, and the test of interest. This posited relationship between test-curriculum correspondence, or "alignment,"…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Construction, Alignment (Education), Curriculum
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Konold, Timothy R.; Shukla, Kathan – Educational Assessment, 2017
The use of multiple informants is common in assessments that rely on the judgments of others. However, ratings obtained from different informants often vary as a function of their perspectives and roles in relation to the target of measurement, and causes unrelated to the trait being measured. We illustrate the usefulness of a latent variable…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Multitrait Multimethod Techniques, Computation, Validity
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Roohr, Katrina Crotts; Sireci, Stephen G. – Educational Assessment, 2017
Test accommodations for English learners (ELs) are intended to reduce the language barrier and level the playing field, allowing ELs to better demonstrate their true proficiencies. Computer-based accommodations for ELs show promising results for leveling that field while also providing us with additional data to more closely investigate the…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, English Language Learners, Second Language Learning, Computer Assisted Testing
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Chen, Peggy P.; Bonner, Sarah M. – Educational Assessment, 2017
We examined novice teachers' beliefs about grading and constructivist teaching approaches. Adapting an existing instrument designed to assess preservice teachers' grading beliefs that deviate from recommended practices, we administered the Survey of Grading Beliefs to 203 inservice teachers. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 3-factor model…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Urban Schools, Disadvantaged Schools
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Li, Hongli; Qin, Qi; Lei, Pui-Wa – Educational Assessment, 2017
In recent years, students' test scores have been used to evaluate teachers' performance. The assumption underlying this practice is that students' test performance reflects teachers' instruction. However, this assumption is generally not empirically tested. In this study, we examine the effect of teachers' instruction on test performance at the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement
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DiCerbo, Kristen E.; Xu, Yuning; Levy, Roy; Lai, Emily; Holland, Laura – Educational Assessment, 2017
Inferences about student knowledge, skills, and attributes based on digital activity still largely come from whether students ultimately get a correct result or not. However, the ability to collect activity stream data as individuals interact with digital environments provides information about students' processes as they progress through learning…
Descriptors: Models, Cognitive Processes, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Lee, Minji K.; Sweeney, Kevin; Melican, Gerald J. – Educational Assessment, 2017
This study investigates the relationships among factor correlations, inter-item correlations, and the reliability estimates of subscores, providing a guideline with respect to psychometric properties of useful subscores. In addition, it compares subscore estimation methods with respect to reliability and distinctness. The subscore estimation…
Descriptors: Scores, Test Construction, Test Reliability, Test Validity
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Kuhfeld, Megan – Educational Assessment, 2017
This article develops a validity argument for the use of the Tripod student survey of instructional practices to assess teacher effectiveness in summative teacher evaluations and professional development decisions. This paper expands upon previous research in three ways: (a) it draws from current validity thinking to examine the evidence for…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance, Teacher Evaluation, Classroom Techniques, Classroom Observation Techniques
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