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Gotch, Chad M.; French, Brian F. – Educational Assessment, 2020
The State of Washington requires school districts to file court petitions on students with excessive unexcused absences. The "Washington Assessment of Risks and Needs of Students" (WARNS), a self-report screening instrument developed for use by high school and juvenile court personnel in such situations, purports to measure six facets of…
Descriptors: Risk Assessment, Needs Assessment, Truancy, Measurement Techniques
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Arya, Diana; Clairmont, Anthony; Katz, Daniel; Maul, Andrew – Educational Assessment, 2020
This study describes the development and validation of a multidimensional measure of preadolescent and adolescent readers' abilities to apply reading comprehension strategies necessary for understanding challenging academic texts. The Strategy Use Measure (SUM) was designed with the intention of being pedagogically informative to the increasingly…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests
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Clark, Amy K.; Karvonen, Meagan – Educational Assessment, 2020
Alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards (AA-AAS) have historically lacked broad validity evidence and an overall evaluation of the extent to which evidence supports intended uses of results. An expanding body of validation literature, the funding of two AA-AAS consortia, and advances in computer-based assessment have…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Test Validity, Test Use, Students with Disabilities
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Johnson, Evelyn S.; Crawford, Angela; Moylan, Laura A.; Zheng, Yuzhu – Educational Assessment, 2020
This manuscript describes the comprehensive validation work undertaken to develop the Recognizing Effective Special Education Teachers (RESET) observation system, which was designed to provide evaluations of special education teachers' ability to effectively implement evidence-based practices and to provide specific, actionable feedback to…
Descriptors: Special Education Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Test Construction, Test Validity
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Jones, Eli; Bergin, Christi – Educational Assessment, 2019
In most U.S. schools, teachers are evaluated using observation of teaching practice (OTP). This study investigates rater effects on OTP ratings among 421 principals in an authentic teacher evaluation system. Many-facet Rasch analysis (MFR) using a block of shared ratings revealed that principals generally (a) differentiated between more and less…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Classroom Observation Techniques, Item Response Theory, School Districts
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Lee, Jihyun; Zhang, Yang; Stankov, Lazar – Educational Assessment, 2019
This study aims to identify which socio-economic status (SES) variables have the best predictive validity for academic achievement, based on the international data sets of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2012, 2009, 2006, and 2003. From among 10 SES measures, two composite variables - Index of economic, social and…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement, Predictor Variables
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Soland, James; Kuhfeld, Megan – Educational Assessment, 2019
Considerable research has examined the use of rapid guessing measures to identify disengaged item responses. However, little is known about students who rapidly guess over the course of several tests. In this study, we use achievement test data from six administrations over three years to investigate whether rapid guessing is a stable trait-like…
Descriptors: Testing, Guessing (Tests), Reaction Time, Achievement Tests
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Russell, Michael; Moncaleano, Sebastian – Educational Assessment, 2019
Over the past decade, large-scale testing programs have employed technology-enhanced items (TEI) to improve the fidelity with which an item measures a targeted construct. This paper presents findings from a review of released TEIs employed by large-scale testing programs worldwide. Analyses examine the prevalence with which different types of TEIs…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Fidelity, Elementary Secondary Education, Test Items
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DeLuca, Christopher; Chapman-Chin, Allison; Klinger, Don A. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Over the past 15 years, "assessment for learning" (AfL) has emerged as a key area of teacher practice with policy mandates around the world supporting teachers' implementation of the underlying components of this pedagogical approach. While procedural and selective implementation of AfL strategies has been observed within research (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Assessment Literacy, Classroom Techniques, Formative Evaluation
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Kan, Adnan; Bulut, Okan; Cormier, Damien C. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Item stem formats can alter the cognitive complexity as well as the type of abilities required for solving mathematics items. Consequently, it is possible that item stem formats can affect the dimensional structure of mathematics assessments. This empirical study investigated the relationship between item stem format and the dimensionality of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Tests, Test Items, Test Format, Problem Solving
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Buzick, Heather M. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Using two states' grades 3 through 8 state assessment databases, this study documents the extent to which students were assigned testing accommodations for ELA or mathematics in only one of two consecutive years. The percentage of students with disabilities who were assigned accommodations in the current year only or in the prior year only in a…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Measurement, Academic Achievement, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities)
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Steedle, Jeffrey T.; Morrison, Kristin M. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Assessment items are commonly field tested prior to operational use to observe statistical item properties such as difficulty. Item parameter estimates from field testing may be used to assign scores via pre-equating or computer adaptive designs. This study examined differences between item difficulty estimates based on field test and operational…
Descriptors: Field Tests, Test Items, Statistics, Difficulty Level
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Zhang, Mo; van Rijn, Peter W.; Deane, Paul; Bennett, Randy E. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Writing from source text is critical for developing college-and-career readiness because it is required in advanced academic environments and many vocations. Scenario-based assessment (SBA) represents one approach to measuring this ability. In such assessment, the scenario presents an issue that the student is to read and write about. Before…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Vignettes, Essays, Scores
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Soland, James; Jensen, Nate; Keys, Tran D.; Bi, Sharon Z.; Wolk, Emily – Educational Assessment, 2019
A vast literature investigates academic disengagement among students, including its ultimate manifestation, dropping out of school. Research also shows that test disengagement can be a problem for many inferences educators and policymakers wish to draw from test scores. However, few studies consider whether academic and test disengagement are…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Learner Engagement, Test Wiseness, Attendance
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Estaji, Masoomeh; Farahanynia, Mahsa – Educational Assessment, 2019
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of two major approaches of Dynamic Assessment, namely, interventionist and interactionist approaches, on learners' oral narrative performance and anxiety. To this end, 34 Iranian EFL learners were assigned to an Interactionist Group (InA.G) and Interventionist Group (InV.G). Initially, both groups…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Foreign Countries
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