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Mintrop, Rick; Pryor, Laura; Ordenes, Miguel – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2018
Evaluators frequently confront situations in which local programs struggle to meet the expectations and requirements specified by the external program funder. How can evaluators meaningfully evaluate programs (for both the funder and grantee) in situations in which the external program logic clashes with local complexities? This paper discusses…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Systems Approach, Evaluation Methods, Merit Pay
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Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Yovanoff, Paul; Jung, EunJu; Liu, Kimy; Geller, Josh – Educational Assessment, 2013
In this article, we highlight the need for a precisely defined construct in score-based validation and discuss the contribution of cognitive theories to accurately and comprehensively defining the construct. We propose a framework for integrating cognitively based theoretical and empirical evidence to specify and evaluate the construct. We apply…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Construct Validity, Scores, Evidence
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Bell, Courtney A.; Gitomer, Drew H.; McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Hamre, Bridget K.; Pianta, Robert C.; Qi, Yi – Educational Assessment, 2012
This article develops a validity argument approach for use on observation protocols currently used to assess teacher quality for high-stakes personnel and professional development decisions. After defining the teaching quality domain, we articulate an interpretive argument for observation protocols. To illustrate the types of evidence that might…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Observation, Validity
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Jimerson, Jo Beth – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2016
As in international schooling contexts, talk about data-driven practice has become ubiquitous in schooling dialogues in the USA, and with the pending reauthorization of the No Child Left Behind Act (the main driver of increased data use in American schools), educators in the USA should expect even greater calls for formalized data use. Yet, the…
Descriptors: Data, Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, Research Utilization
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Pollock, Katina; Winton, Sue – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2016
Accountability in education is not new. Schools have always been accountable in one way or another to the communities they serve, regardless of the policy environment of the time (Elmore, "The Educational Forum," 69:134-142, 2005). This article explores how three principals from Ontario, Canada manage the tensions of multiple…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accountability, Principals, Case Studies
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Meyer, J. Patrick; Cash, Anne H.; Mashburn, Andrew – Educational Assessment, 2011
Student-teacher interactions are dynamic relationships that change and evolve over the course of a school year. Measuring classroom quality through observations that focus on these interactions presents challenges when observations are conducted throughout the school year. Variability in observed scores could reflect true changes in the quality of…
Descriptors: Observation, Reliability, Teacher Student Relationship, Error of Measurement
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Kendall, Nancy; Kaunda, Zikani; Friedson-Rideneur, Sophia – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2015
International development organizations increasingly use "participatory development" approaches to improve the effectiveness of their programs. Participatory frameworks are commonly limited in scope and funder-driven; these top-down approaches to participation have proven to be both ineffective, and at times, contradictory in their…
Descriptors: International Programs, Educational Quality, Community Involvement, Educational Opportunities
Marion, Scott – National Center for the Improvement of Educational Assessment, 2018
There seems to always be a new twist on high school testing in the U.S.; testing that is, at least in part, mandated by federal education law. As someone who grew up taking the New York State Regents exams, the author has thinking about high school testing for a long time. In this report, the author offers some thoughts about the current state of…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Evaluation, Standardized Tests, Federal Legislation
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Hur, Eun Hye; Glassman, Michael; Kim, Yunhwan – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2013
This paper developed a Democratic Classroom Survey to measure students' perceived democratic environment of the classroom. Perceived democratic environment is one of the most important variables for understanding classroom activity and indeed any type of group activity, but actually measuring perceptions in an objective manner has been…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Test Construction, Program Validation, Democratic Values
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Young, John W. – Educational Assessment, 2009
In this article, I specify a conceptual framework for test validity research on content assessments taken by English language learners (ELLs) in U.S. schools in grades K-12. This framework is modeled after one previously delineated by Willingham et al. (1988), which was developed to guide research on students with disabilities. In this framework…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Evaluation Research, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education
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Banks, Kathleen – Educational Assessment, 2009
The purpose of this article is to describe and demonstrate a three-step process of using differential distractor functioning (DDF) in a post hoc analysis to understand sources of differential item functioning (DIF) in multiple-choice testing. The process is demonstrated on two multiple-choice tests that used complex alternatives (e.g., "No…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Multiple Choice Tests, Testing, Gender Differences
Marion, Scott – National Center for the Improvement of Educational Assessment, 2017
The author is disappointed to hear about the feedback that several states have received from the United States Department of Education (USED) regarding the proposed additional indicator of school quality and student success for grades 3-8. The "equity indicator" has been used in Wyoming and Utah for several years and there is substantial…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Equal Education, State Standards, Accountability
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Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Barnett, Joshua H. – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2012
Over the previous two decades, the era of accountability has amplified efforts to measure educational effectiveness more than Edward Thorndike, the father of educational measurement, likely would have imagined. Expressly, the measurement structure for evaluating educational effectiveness continues to rely increasingly on one sole…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Assessment, Educational Quality, Measurement
Marion, Scott – National Center for the Improvement of Educational Assessment, 2016
The Elementary and Secondary Schools Education Act (ESEA) was finally reauthorized as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The reauthorization was long overdue and with its passage comes much hype and some misinformation about what the law permits and does not permit. The purpose of this brief is to outline some of the key accountability…
Descriptors: State Officials, State Policy, Policy Formation, Accountability
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Ferrara, Steve – Educational Assessment, 2008
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires all states to assess the English proficiency of English language learners each school year. Under Title I and Title III of No Child Left Behind, states are required to measure the annual growth of students' English language development in reading, listening, writing, and speaking and in comprehension…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Federal Legislation, Second Language Learning, Psychometrics
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