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Naumann, Alexander; Hochweber, Jan; Klieme, Eckhard – Educational Assessment, 2016
Although there is a common understanding of instructional sensitivity, it lacks a common operationalization. Various approaches have been proposed, some focusing on item responses, others on test scores. As approaches often do not produce consistent results, previous research has created the impression that approaches to instructional sensitivity…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Item Response Theory, Pretests Posttests, Test Construction
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Gold, Bernadette; Holodynski, Manfred – Educational Assessment, 2015
The current study describes the development and construct validation of a situational judgment test for assessing the strategic knowledge of classroom management in elementary schools. Classroom scenarios and accompanying courses of action were constructed, of which 17 experts confirmed the content validity. A pilot study and a cross-validation…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Schools, Construct Validity, Knowledge Base for Teaching
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Harks, Birgit; Klieme, Eckhard; Hartig, Johannes; Leiss, Dominik – Educational Assessment, 2014
The present study investigates the empirical separability of mathematical (a) content domains, (b) cognitive domains, and (c) content-specific cognitive domains. There were 122 items representing two content domains (linear equations vs. theorem of Pythagoras) combined with two cognitive domains (modeling competence vs. technical competence)…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Cognitive Processes, Mathematical Concepts, Secondary School Mathematics
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Maag Merki, Katharina; Oerke, Britta – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2017
This study extends previous research investigating the effects of state-wide exit exams by studying the change from a class-based to a state-wide exit exam system over 5 years, using multilevel analyses and examining mediating effects of teachers' practices on students' motivational orientations. In this multi-cohort study, we analyzed in…
Descriptors: Exit Examinations, State Programs, Program Implementation, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Dedering, Kathrin; Sowada, Moritz G. – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2017
School inspections have become an important instrument of quality assurance and quality development in many European countries. So far, the focus of empirical research on school inspections has been on the acceptance of the procedure among the school-internal actors, its influence for internal quality development and its effects on student…
Descriptors: Inspection, Administrative Policy, Administrative Principles, Teamwork
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Penk, Christiane; Richter, Dirk – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2017
Since the turn of the century, an increasing number of low-stakes assessments (i.e., assessments without direct consequences for the test-takers) are being used to evaluate the quality of educational systems. Internationally, research has shown that low-stakes test results can be biased due to students' low test-taking motivation and that…
Descriptors: Test Wiseness, Student Motivation, Academic Achievement, Cognitive Tests
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Sparfeldt, Jorn R.; Kimmel, Rumena; Lowenkamp, Lena; Steingraber, Antje; Rost, Detlef H. – Educational Assessment, 2012
Multiple-choice (MC) reading comprehension test items comprise three components: text passage, questions about the text, and MC answers. The construct validity of this format has been repeatedly criticized. In three between-subjects experiments, fourth graders (N[subscript 1] = 230, N[subscript 2] = 340, N[subscript 3] = 194) worked on three…
Descriptors: Test Items, Reading Comprehension, Construct Validity, Grade 4
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Panayiotou, Anastasia; Kyriakides, Leonidas; Creemers, Bert P. M.; McMahon, Léan; Vanlaar, Gudrun; Pfeifer, Michael; Rekalidou, Galini; Bren, Matevž – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2014
This study investigates the extent to which the factors included in the dynamic model of educational effectiveness are associated with student achievement gains in six different European countries. At classroom level, the dynamic model refers to eight factors relating to teacher behavior in the classroom: orientation, structuring, questioning,…
Descriptors: Teacher Behavior, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Models
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Oerke, Britta; Maag Merki, Katharina; Holmeier, Monika; Jager, Daniela J. – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2011
The central aim of standardized exit exams is to motivate students and teachers to work harder on critical subject matters and thus increase student achievement. However, the effects of the implementation of central exams on student motivation have not been analyzed in a longitudinal section until now. In the present study, the consequences of…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Advanced Courses, Exit Examinations, Academic Achievement