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Tindal, Gerald; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Stevens, Joseph J. – Educational Assessment, 2017
For the past decade, the accountability model associated with No Child Left Behind (NCLB) emphasized proficiency on end of year tests; with Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) the emphasis on proficiency within statewide testing programs, though now integrated with other measures of student learning, nevertheless remains a primary metric for…
Descriptors: Testing Programs, Middle School Students, Models, State Standards
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Toyama, Yukie; Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Pearson, P. David – Educational Assessment, 2017
This study investigated the complexity of leveled passages used in four classroom reading assessments. A total of 167 passages leveled for Grades 1-6 from these assessments were analyzed using four analytical tools of text complexity. More traditional, two-factor measures of text complexity found a general trend of fairly consistent across-grade…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Reading Skills, Student Evaluation, Difficulty Level
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Immekus, Jason C.; Atitya, Ben – Educational Assessment, 2016
Interim tests are a central component of district-wide assessment systems, yet their technical quality to guide decisions (e.g., instructional) has been repeatedly questioned. In response, the study purpose was to investigate the validity of a series of English Language Arts (ELA) interim assessments in terms of dimensionality and prediction of…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Scores, Formative Evaluation, Language Tests
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Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Yovanoff, Paul; Jung, EunJu; Liu, Kimy; Geller, Josh – Educational Assessment, 2013
In this article, we highlight the need for a precisely defined construct in score-based validation and discuss the contribution of cognitive theories to accurately and comprehensively defining the construct. We propose a framework for integrating cognitively based theoretical and empirical evidence to specify and evaluate the construct. We apply…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Construct Validity, Scores, Evidence
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Caputo, Andrea – Educational Assessment, 2013
This study aims at both investigating bullying episodes occurring at school across different grades (from 6 to 8) and evaluating whether educational achievement in math can be predicted on the ground of students' perception of school violence. The sample was composed of 11,064 students coming from middle schools of Southern Italy. Standardized…
Descriptors: Bullying, Student Attitudes, Violence, Mathematics Achievement
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Correnti, Richard; Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Hamilton, Laura S.; Wang, Elaine – Educational Assessment, 2012
Guided by evidence that teachers contribute to student achievement outcomes, researchers have been reexamining how to study instruction and the classroom opportunities teachers create for students. We describe our experience measuring students' opportunities to develop analytic, text-based writing skills. Utilizing multiple methods of data…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Skill Development, Educational Opportunities, Educational Quality
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Liu, Ou Lydia; Lee, Hee-Sun; Linn, Marcia C. – Educational Assessment, 2011
Both multiple-choice and constructed-response items have known advantages and disadvantages in measuring scientific inquiry. In this article we explore the function of explanation multiple-choice (EMC) items and examine how EMC items differ from traditional multiple-choice and constructed-response items in measuring scientific reasoning. A group…
Descriptors: Science Tests, Multiple Choice Tests, Responses, Test Items
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Suurtamm, Christine; Koch, Martha J. – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2014
Current thinking encourages teachers to incorporate a range of assessment practices that are responsive to student thinking and promote student learning. At the same time, teachers are situated in a landscape of accountability, where they are often seen as technicians who implement prescribed curriculum, policies, and procedures with success…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Teachers, Student Evaluation, Communities of Practice
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Finch, Holmes; Barton, Karen; Meyer, Patrick – Educational Assessment, 2009
The No Child Left Behind act resulted in an increased reliance on large-scale standardized tests to assess the progress of individual students as well as schools. In addition, emphasis was placed on including all students in the testing programs as well as those with disabilities. As a result, the role of testing accommodations has become more…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Testing Accommodations, Standardized Tests, Mathematics Tests
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Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Garnier, Helen E.; Slater, Sharon Cadman; Boston, Melissa D. – Educational Assessment, 2008
This study explores two approaches to directly measuring the quality of instruction: teachers' assignments with student work and focused lesson observations. The technical quality and potential feasibility of these approaches for measuring instruction in large numbers of classrooms are compared within two different content areas (reading…
Descriptors: Assignments, Reading Comprehension, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Ross, John A.; Kostuch, Lynn – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2011
The study investigated how well report card grades communicate to students and parents that state educational standards are being met, standards that are objectively measured by infrequently administered mandated assessments. Data sources were report card grades and external assessment scores for 2006-09 for Ontario Canada. The information that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Report Cards, Grades (Scholastic), Academic Achievement
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Rivera, Charlene; Stansfield, Charles W. – Educational Assessment, 2004
The use of accommodations has been widely proposed as a means of including English language learners (ELLs) or limited English proficient (LEP) students in state and districtwide assessments. However, very little experimental research has been done on specific accommodations to determine whether these pose a threat to score comparability. This…
Descriptors: Scores, Comparative Analysis, Second Language Learning, Test Items
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Babbitt Bray, Gayle; Barron, Sheila – Educational Assessment, 2004
Previous research has established that interest in a text is related to better comprehension and recall, but the impact of interest on comprehension in testing situations has not been widely investigated. This study used Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM) to examine the relationship between students' interest in reading passages and their…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Ability, Reader Text Relationship, Reading Tests