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Blazar, David; Braslow, David; Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Hill, Heather C. – Educational Assessment, 2017
New systems that seek to evaluate teachers with regard to their classroom quality often rely on observation instruments that capture general instructional pedagogies. However, decades of research suggest that content-specific dimensions of instruction also are important to differentiate teachers and improve student outcomes. We explore the degree…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Observation, Factor Analysis
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Toyama, Yukie; Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Pearson, P. David – Educational Assessment, 2017
This study investigated the complexity of leveled passages used in four classroom reading assessments. A total of 167 passages leveled for Grades 1-6 from these assessments were analyzed using four analytical tools of text complexity. More traditional, two-factor measures of text complexity found a general trend of fairly consistent across-grade…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Reading Skills, Student Evaluation, Difficulty Level
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Davis, Laurie Laughlin; Orr, Aline; Kong, Xiaojing; Lin, Chow-Hong – Educational Assessment, 2015
There is increasing expectation that schools should be able to use tablets for a range of instructional and assessment purposes. This article considers the comparability of student writing on tablets and laptops to ensure that writing assessment is conducted in a way that is fair to all students. Data were collected from a sample of 826 students…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Laptop Computers, Writing Evaluation, Essay Tests
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Sandberg Patton, Karen L.; Reschly, Amy L.; Appleton, James – Educational Assessment, 2014
With the concurrent emphasis on accountability, prevention, and early intervention, curriculum-based measurement of reading (R-CBM) is playing an increasingly important role in the educational process. This study investigated the differences in diagnostic accuracy and utility between commercial norms and local norms when making high-stakes, local…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Reading Tests, Test Norms, Local Norms
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Munger, Kristen A.; LoFaro, Stephen A.; Kawryga, Erin A.; Sovocool, Elizabeth A.; Medina, Siani Y. – Educational Assessment, 2014
This study involved examination of the validity evidence of the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills-Next Edition (DIBELS Next) for a sample of 85 third-and fifth-grade students, in reference to the "simple view" of reading. Tests administered included DIBELS Next, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-IV (PPVT-IV), Group Reading…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Reading Tests, Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension
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Solano-Flores, Guillermo; Barnett-Clarke, Carne; Kachchaf, Rachel R. – Educational Assessment, 2013
We examined the performance of English language learners (ELLs) and non-ELLs on Grade 4 and Grade 5 mathematics content knowledge (CK) and academic language (AL) tests. CK and AL items had different semiotic loads (numbers of different types of semiotic features) and different semiotic structures (relative frequencies of different semiotic…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Performance, Mathematics Tests, Semiotics
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Huggins, Anne Corinne; Elbaum, Batya – Educational Assessment, 2013
The purpose of this study is to utilize Score Equity Assessment (SEA) to examine measurement comparability and equity in reported scores on a statewide fifth-grade science assessment with respect to groups of students defined by disability status, English Language Learner status and use of test accommodations. Benefits of SEA include a focus on…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Science Tests, Equated Scores, Grade 5
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Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Yovanoff, Paul; Jung, EunJu; Liu, Kimy; Geller, Josh – Educational Assessment, 2013
In this article, we highlight the need for a precisely defined construct in score-based validation and discuss the contribution of cognitive theories to accurately and comprehensively defining the construct. We propose a framework for integrating cognitively based theoretical and empirical evidence to specify and evaluate the construct. We apply…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Construct Validity, Scores, Evidence
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Cawthon, Stephanie; Leppo, Rachel; Carr, Therese; Kopriva, Rebecca – Educational Assessment, 2013
When do item adaptations veer from their intent and, instead of increasing access, modify the construct being measured? This study analyzed early elementary student achievement data from a statewide field test containing both standard and adapted science items. Four student groups were included in this analysis: English language learners, students…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Test Items, Adaptive Testing, Science Tests
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Correnti, Richard; Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Hamilton, Laura S.; Wang, Elaine – Educational Assessment, 2012
Guided by evidence that teachers contribute to student achievement outcomes, researchers have been reexamining how to study instruction and the classroom opportunities teachers create for students. We describe our experience measuring students' opportunities to develop analytic, text-based writing skills. Utilizing multiple methods of data…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Skill Development, Educational Opportunities, Educational Quality
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Riggan, Matthew; Olah, Leslie Nabors – Educational Assessment, 2011
Promising research on the teaching and learning impact of classroom-embedded formative assessment has spawned interest in a broader array of assessment tools and practices, including interim assessment. Although researchers have begun to explore the impact of interim assessments in the classroom, like other assessment tools and practices, they…
Descriptors: Homework, Student Evaluation, Observation, Formative Evaluation
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Young, John W.; Steinberg, Jonathan; Cline, Fred; Stone, Elizabeth; Martiniello, Maria; Ling, Guangming; Cho, Yeonsuk – Educational Assessment, 2010
To date, assessment validity research on non-native English speaking students in the United States has focused exclusively on those who are presently English language learners (ELLs). However, little, if any, research has been conducted on two other sizable groups of language minority students: (a) bilingual or multilingual students who were…
Descriptors: Test Validity, English (Second Language), Multilingualism, Bilingualism
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Suurtamm, Christine; Koch, Martha J. – Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 2014
Current thinking encourages teachers to incorporate a range of assessment practices that are responsive to student thinking and promote student learning. At the same time, teachers are situated in a landscape of accountability, where they are often seen as technicians who implement prescribed curriculum, policies, and procedures with success…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Teachers, Student Evaluation, Communities of Practice
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Kim, Jinok; Herman, Joan L. – Educational Assessment, 2009
In this three-state study, the authors estimate the magnitudes of achievement gaps between English learner (EL) students and their non-EL peers, while avoiding typical caveats in cross-sectional studies. The authors further compare the observed achievement gaps across three distinct dimensions (content areas, grades, and states) and report…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement
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Wolf, Mikyung Kim; Leon, Seth – Educational Assessment, 2009
The purpose of the present study is to examine the language characteristics of a few states' large-scale assessments of mathematics and science and investigate whether the language demands of the items are associated with the degree of differential item functioning (DIF) for English language learner (ELL) students. A total of 542 items from 11…
Descriptors: Mathematics Tests, Science Tests, Measurement, Test Bias
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